The Federal Sentencing Guidelines: A Report on the Operation of the Guidelines System and Short-Term Impacts on Disparity in Sentencing, Use of Incarceration, and Prosecutorial Discretion and Plea Bargaining, December 1991.
The Four Year USSC and GAO Impact Reports, 5 Fed. Sent. R. No. 3 (Nov./Dec. 1992).
Federal Judicial Center, Summary of Research Conference Proceedings, p. 32.
United States Sentencing Commission, Research Brochure, p. 17 (March 1993).
Stewart Schwab and Theodore Eisenberg, "The Influence of Judicial Background on Settling and Winning Cases & a Study of the Disputing Pyramid," mimeo, Cornell Law School, 1990
Theodore Eisenberg and Stewart Schwab, "The Influence of Judges and Their Backgrounds in Civil Rights Cases and Prisoner Cases," mimeo, Cornell Law School, 1988
Orley Ashenfelter and Joel Waldfogel, "Bargaining in the Shadow of the Judge: Empirical Tests," mimeo, Princeton University Department of Economics, 1993
Joel Waldfogel, "Aggregate Inter- Judge Disparity in Federal Sentencing: Evidence from Three Districts," 4 Fed. Sent. R. 151 (Nov./Dec. 1991).
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Copyright 1993 Vera Institute of Justice, Inc.