The criminal justice system is enthralled with drug testing. It is a billion dollar industry fueled by drug courts, swift certain, and fair strategies, and the idea that probation is a privilege. It has become so pervasive that even people without an identified drug problem are often tested on a regular basis. While the field has accepted drug testing as a key component, this paper suggests that the data, while limited, is not as pervasive as the practice itself. This paper will explore the current research on drug testing, how effective it is for people without an identified substance use issue, and what are some of the collateral consequences to testing that may offset any perceived or real benefit to the practice.

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