The study that sought to compare the applications and practices of some of the Shona conflict resolution approaches was conducted through an intensive desk analysis of archival material and scholarly literature. It sought to juxtapose the employment of a selected approaches used in selected Shona sub-groups in conflict resolution. The study employed manifest content analysis to analyse data which were largely descriptive and in text form. The Optimal Psychology theory which makes use of culture to describe how societies see reality, live and address conflicts by Myers (1992) was employed to guide the study. The study established that while some of the endogenous conflict resolution systems are applied in the same manner from the outset, there are other culture-specific practices which are followed which inwardly satisfy the cultural and socio-economic needs of a people. The study also revealed that the approaches' effectiveness have been neutralized by the advent of education and foreign religions. However, what remains outstanding and noticeable are ethnic markers and identifiers in each of the practices.

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