Aside from examining the ways people ascribe meaning to the terms “Black” and “African-American” and possible “underlying social dynamics” impeding or precipitating ethnic label changes, Washington concludes that these above mentioned “sign-posts” may be justifiable periodic changes which an ethnic group should constantly re-interpret on its ever evolving “cosmic” journey. Washington presents an interesting case from a philosophical/metaphysical standpoint. From a social scientific perspective, however, there is much to be determined.

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