In the sixties, the scattered attacks against various manifestations of racism briefly coalesced into a broad based movement. Some gains were made, chiefly in the areas of voting rights, consumer discrimination, and education. However, the movement failed to significantly alter the wealth distribution system through the achievement of employment equity, this could only have resulted from affirmative action in all sectors and at all levels of the economy. But in the employment struggle, the confrontation was much closer to the heart of capitalist institutions and was perceived as a greater threat to the stability of those institutions.

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