This paper focuses on the role of the writer as a social activist. Accordingly, I examine novelist/essayists who published during the Harlem Renaissance period 1920 to 1930 and in some cases beyond. I am interested in part in the Pan-African movement as it impacted on this era of Afro-American history. The central question explored is what are some of the dynamics that exist between the writer, movement elites, movement rank-in-file, and the broader Afro-American community? The central focus is on the kind of interactions that take place between the writer as a political activist, movement elites, and movement activists. The following writers seem to reflect this particular period -- W.E.B. Du Bois, Claude McKay, Langston Hughes among others.

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