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Journal: Current History
Current History (2017) 116 (786): 31–34.
Published: 01 January 2017
... re- sponse to Western claims that the Caliphate was not civilized enough to gain the loyalty of its Christian subjects. It led to two different move- ments: Pan-Islamism and Pan-Arabism. Pan-Islamism was an intellectual and political movement that viewed the Ummah as the ideal ba- sis for political...