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Keywords: Turkmenistan
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Journal Articles
Current History. 2016; 115783270–276 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/curh.2016.115.783.270
Published: 01 October 2016
..., international trade, a stated commitment to political pluralism, and investments in higher education. The wave of Islamic fervor arrived in Kazakhstan later than in the other Central Asian states. Meanwhile, Turkmenistan s communist leader, Sarparmu- rat Niyazov, became its new president for life, imposed full...
Journal Articles
Current History. 2012; 111747275–280 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/curh.2012.111.747.275
Published: 01 October 2012
... Russia China Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Tajikistan Kyrgyzstan Turkmenistan 275 Aging autocrats and an absence of clear succession mechanisms make a combi- nation that, if not soon addressed, will lead to political upheaval. . . . Central Asia Grows Wobbly eric McGLinchey Central Asia was, before...
Journal Articles
Current History. 2003; 102666333–340 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/curh.2003.102.666.333
Published: 01 October 2003
...-INDEPENDENCE TRENDS At the end of their first decade of indepen- dence, the five Central Asian states that emerged from the wreckage of the Soviet Union Kaza- khstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan exhibit three striking trends: a con- vergence toward authoritarian regimes and closed...