Saddam may be gone but many Iraqis still think as they were taught to think: the United States is our enemy and helping the us occupation is unpatriotic. These are mindsets that may be hard to change, even if Baathism as a political movement is banned. It could require a generational shift, in which case there is little now that the United States … or any Iraqi provisional governing council can do.
Iraq had a violent and unstable political culture before Saddam, and a stability bolstered by repression, fear, and wealth under Saddam. Could history repeat itself in Iraq? Could the country produce another Saddam-like figure by replicating the conditions and circumstances that propelled him to power?