If Islam is the defining force in a Muslim-populated state, then … these states should be willing to make significant material sacrifices and take security risks to promote their religious beliefs. That has not been the case in the Muslimdominated nations in the Caspian region.
Is There a Muslim Foreign Policy? The Case of the Caspian
Brenda Shaffer is research director of the Caspian studies program at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. This article is part of a larger project on the role of culture in foreign policy formation. See Brenda Shaffer, ed., The Limits of Culture: Foreign Policy, Islam, and the Caspian (Cambridge: MIT Press, forthcoming).
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Brenda Shaffer; Is There a Muslim Foreign Policy? The Case of the Caspian. Current History 1 November 2002; 101 (658): 382–387. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/curh.2002.101.658.382
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