Largely missing from American discussions about Islam is any appreciation of the debates within Islam and the widely variant interpretations by Muslims of their own religion. Beyond the core belief shared by all Muslims that there is only one God and Muhammad was the messenger of God, there are many ‘Islams,’ depending on locale, education, custom, politics, and personal attitudes.
Activism and Reform in Islam
Augustus Richard Norton is a contributing editor to Current History and professor of anthropology and international relations at Boston University. Some of the material on renewal in Muslim thought draws on research in collaboration with Bahman Baktiari of the University of Maine that is funded by the Ford Foundation.
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Augustus Richard Norton; Activism and Reform in Islam. Current History 1 November 2002; 101 (658): 377–381. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/curh.2002.101.658.377
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