Incorporating Plural Valuation of Nature into Environmental Decision-Making in the Global South: A Special Collection
Tuyeni H. Mwampamba, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus UNAM Morelia
Patricia Balvanera, Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Morelia
Unai Pascual, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Bilbao, Spain
Noelia Zafra Calvo, Basque Centre for Climate Change, Bilbao, Spain
Bibiana Vilá, VICAM: Vicuñas, camélidos y ambiente, Argentina
Yanina Arzamendia, VICAM: Vicuñas, camélidos y ambiente, Argentina
Verónica Rojo, VICAM: Vicuñas, camélidos y ambiente, Argentina
Abstract: In these case studies, vicuñas are presented as biocultural components of the Andean altiplano’s socioecological landscape. The environmental history of vicuñas is related to the multiple values of the species, especially of its appreciated fiber as a nature contribution to people. Vicuñas were in risk of extinction, but thanks to conservation policies, the engagement of local communities, and the efforts of scientists and naturalists, this species has recovered to an extent than allows sustainable, community-based management via chakus, a traditional method involving the capture and release of wild vicuñas to harvest their fiber. Read more...
Daniel M. Cáceres, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
Esteban Tapella, Instituto de Investigaciones Socioeconómicas, Universidad Nacional de San Juan, San Juan, Argentina
Diego A. Cabrol, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, CC 495, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
Lucrecia Estigarribia, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, CC 495, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
Abstract: Argentina is experiencing an expansion of soya and maize cultivation that is pushing the agricultural frontier over areas formerly occupied by native Chaco forest. Subsistance farmers use this dry forest to raise goats and cattle and to obtain a broad range of goods and services. Thus, two very different and non-compatible land uses are in dispute. On the one hand subsistance farmers fostering an extensive and diversified forest use, on the other hand, large-scale producers who need to clear out the forest to sow annual crops in order to appropriate soil fertility. Read more...
Mariaelena Huambachano, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
Lauren Cooper, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
Abstract: In the midst of climate change, population growth, and global food crisis scenarios, efforts to succeed in Sustainable Land Management (SLM) implementation are under enormous pressure. To contextualize Indigenous experiences on nature valuation in light of sustainable development efforts, we explored how the traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of two Indigenous communities interacted with major land policies with sustainability implications through an ethnographic and community-based participatory research approach. Read more...
Loni Hensler, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico
Juliana Merçon, Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, Mexico
Ulli Vilsmaier, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany
Abstract: Plural valuation of nature is key for inclusive and fair sustainability policies. Although there is a growing awareness of the importance of incorporating multiple values of nature in decision making, inclusive processes of this type are rare, limited to consultations, or have little transparency regarding their translation into public policy. Especially in nature conservation schemes such as protected areas, the integration of values from local communities is much needed. Read more...
Ernest Nkansah-Dwamena, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY, USA
Abstract: Large-scale land acquisition projects by foreign investors, also known as “land grabbing,” raise difficult questions about the processes of valuing land in Sub-Saharan Africa that the current literature does not sufficiently explore. Land acquisitions can help developing countries like Tanzania achieve their economic and development goals. Nonetheless, it can also threaten local livelihoods and well-being due to displacement, lack of access to natural capital, and conflicts between land users. Read more...