Fracking has helped to usher in an era of energy abundance in the United States. This advanced drilling procedure has helped the nation to attain the status of the largest producer of crude oil and natural gas in the world, but some of its negative externalities, such as human-induced seismicity, can no longer be ignored. The occurrence of earthquakes in communities located at proximity to disposal wells with no prior history of seismicity has shocked residents and have caused damages to properties. It has evoked individuals’ resentment against the practice of injection of fracking’s wastewater under pressure into underground disposal wells. Though the oil and gas companies have denied the existence of a link between such a practice and earthquakes and the local and state governments have delayed their responses to the unforeseen seismic events, the issue has gained in prominence among researchers, affected community residents, and the media. This case study has offered a glimpse into the varied responses of stakeholders to human-induced seismicity in a small city in the state of Texas. It is evident from this case study that although individuals’ complaints and protests from a small community may not be successful in bringing about statewide changes in regulatory policies on disposal of fracking’s wastewater, they can add to the public pressure on the state government to do something to address the problem in a state that supports fracking.
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Article Case| December 31 2019
Varied Responses to Human-Induced Seismicity in the City of Azle, Texas
Sarmistha R. Majumdar
Case Studies in the Environment (2019) 3 (1): 1–8.
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Sarmistha R. Majumdar; Varied Responses to Human-Induced Seismicity in the City of Azle, Texas. Case Studies in the Environment 31 December 2019; 3 (1): 1–8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/cse.2019.002196
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