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Keywords: Kazakhstan
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Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2020) 53 (2): 177–190.
Published: 01 June 2020
...Lazat Spankulova; Marat Karatayev; Michèle L. Clarke According to the relative income hypothesis, the health status of a population is determined by its horizontal social and financial conditions, both mutually interrelated factors. As a former republic of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan is a...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2019) 52 (3): 247–257.
Published: 23 July 2019
... Ideology Nation-building Legitimacy Nation Minority Kazakhstan Keywords: Non-democratic regime Ideology Nation-building Legitimacy ommunist context ned state-building. r with the Russian an-speaking group radicalization, the (2009) census, 74 ever, the Russian- iency. Russian, the official language...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2017) 50 (2): 135–143.
Published: 23 May 2017
...Kerem Öge This paper evaluates the factors that shape the establishment of transparent institutions in resource-rich countries with a specific focus on Kazakhstan. Specifically, it draws upon indepth interviews and analysis of key institutions to understand the pace and intensity of transparency...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2017) 50 (1): 41–51.
Published: 09 January 2017
... diffusion if they convince citizens that those ideas are “foreign,” will cause “chaos,” or if they believe they already have their own form of democracy. I explore these methods of establishing firewalls to prevent diffusion by examining the cases of China and Kazakhstan, two countries where a high level of...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2012) 45 (1-2): 27–37.
Published: 24 March 2012
...Enrique Palazuelos; Rafael Fernández Kazakhstan became a petro-state in the 1990s, after signing important oil production agreements with several transnational companies. In recent years, Kazakhstan’s government has imposed the revision of former agreements on these corporations. This article...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2011) 44 (3): 189–197.
Published: 06 August 2011
... role that these parties play in the survival of the regimes. This article asks which of the purposes that are frequently ascribed to ruling authoritarian parties are fulfilled by United Russia, the Yeni Azerbaijan Party, and Nur Otan of Kazakhstan, the hegemonic parties of the three strongest...
Journal Articles
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (1998) 31 (2): 171–186.
Published: 01 June 1998
...William Fierman In the twentieth century the identity of Kazakhstan and the Kazakh people has been closely intertwined with the identity of Russia and the Russian people. Since Kazakhstan began to move toward sovereignty in the late 1980s, official republic documents relevant to language have...