This paper analyzes Russia’s presidential discourses and emotions of the West from March 2008 to December 2012. By studying the languages of inclusiveness and exclusiveness in annual addresses to the Federation Council and public statements, I have identified several distinct stages in the Kremlin’s emotional evolution from fear to hope to frustration: the initial fear (March 2008–June 2009), hope (September 2009–the late 2010), and frustration (since the early 2011). The Russia’s emotional shifts are shaped by the country’s historically established social relations with the West and are not to be reduced to the dynamics of power and prestige/status. Russia’s deep emotional connection to the West as well as Russia’s own concept of national honor are the two factors that drive the nation’s leaders’ complex actions, feelings, and rhetoric. Russia displays emotions of hope each time it feels that its honor is being respected and those of frustration, fear and anger when in the eyes of Kremlin its identity/honor as not recognized.

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