De facto states are often dismissed as ‘failing states’. However, in Freedom House rankings of political rights and civil liberties, they sometimes perform better than their parent states – as has been the case with Nagorno-Karabakh. This article examines the development of democracy in Nagorno-Karabakh against a checklist of factors assumed to be relevant: cultural homogeneity, size, existential threats, role of the diaspora, and the consequences of continued non-recognition. Drawing on fieldwork and interviews with central actors, the authors conclude that, contrary to what might be expected, non-recognition has played a main role in the democratization process.
Research Article| May 03 2012
De facto states and democracy: The case of Nagorno-Karabakh
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Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2012) 45 (1-2): 141–151.
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Pål Kolstø, Helge Blakkisrud; De facto states and democracy: The case of Nagorno-Karabakh. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 1 June 2012; 45 (1-2): 141–151. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2012.03.004
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