In the last few years, significant changes in the attitudes toward the West have occurred in Russia. While “old” Russian liberals, like Egor Gaidar, treated the West as a Russian ally, the “new” liberals, such as Boris Nemtsov, perceived the West as a rival approaching, in this respect, Russian communists and nationalists who see in the West an eternal enemy. The author describes this change using various information from the Russian media and surveys.

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