Since the collapse of communism in 1989, two dominant political orders have been established in Eastern Europe: nationalist populism and social democracy. This paper argues that the division of Eastern Europe into a nationalist-populist South and a social democratic North is the result of the evolution of two different types of political cultures and political institutions. These two types of political cultures and institutions, which I call “traditional” and “civic,” arose as a result of different historical experiences. The paper argues that traditional political cultures and institutions are the legacies of political subjugation and backward socio-economic conditions, while civic political cultures and institutions arose as a result of greater political autonomy and industrialization. The paper concludes that, by suppressing democratic norms and perpetuating a vast network of patronage, Slovakia's traditional legacy has facilitated the rise of a nationalist-populist regime.
Research Article| June 01 1997
Slovakia and the Triumph of Nationalist Populism
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (1997) 30 (2): 205–219.
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Michael Carpenter; Slovakia and the Triumph of Nationalist Populism. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 1 June 1997; 30 (2): 205–219. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-067X(97)00005-6
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