What impact have Eurasia’s 2003–2005 “colored revolutions” had on the state of democracy and autocracy in the region? The logic of patronal presidentialism, a set of institutions common to post-Soviet countries, suggests that the revolutions are at root succession struggles more than democratic breakthroughs generated by civic activists and foreign democratizing activity. This helps explain why Georgia is experiencing a new retreat from ideal-type democracy while only Ukraine, whose revolution weakened the patronal presidency, has sustained high political contestation after its revolution. This means that autocratic leaders clamping down on non-governmental organizations, free media, and their foreign supporters may have learned the wrong lessons, perhaps making their countries more susceptible to violent revolution than they were before.
Democracy or autocracy on the march? The colored revolutions as normal dynamics of patronal presidentialism
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Henry E. Hale; Democracy or autocracy on the march? The colored revolutions as normal dynamics of patronal presidentialism. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 1 September 2006; 39 (3): 305–329. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2006.06.006
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