The article analyses the process of EU enlargement with reference to the progress that Bulgaria and Romania have made within it. It is argued that leaving them out of the wave of accession finalised in May 2004 for ten of the candidate states, has placed them in a situation of double exclusion. Firstly, their geographical belonging to the region of Southeast Europe has been rendered non-essential by their advanced position within the EU enlargement process. Secondly, their achievement in economic and political transition has been removed from the progress of the ten states, which joined the EU in May 2004 by delaying the time of their accession. As a result, any efforts in regional cooperation and integration between Bulgaria and Romania on one hand, and other Southeast European states on the other, have been effectively cancelled. Moreover, in current European politics, the two countries have come to serve the unenviable role of exemplifying on the part of the European Union how progress is being awarded and hesitation punished.
Skip Nav Destination
Research Article| December 01 2004
Neither here, not there: Bulgaria and Romania in current European politics☆
Victor D. Bojkov
Victor D. Bojkov *
London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of International Relations, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Communist and Post-Communist Studies (2004) 37 (4): 509–522.
Victor D. Bojkov; Neither here, not there: Bulgaria and Romania in current European politics. Communist and Post-Communist Studies 1 December 2004; 37 (4): 509–522. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postcomstud.2004.09.002
Download citation file:
Don't already have an account? Register
You could not be signed in. Please check your email address / username and password and try again.
Could not validate captcha. Please try again.