The analysis of Polish survey data reveals that the support for systemic transformations is determined more by the hope of improving material living conditions than by the perceptions of present actual conditions. The hope influences the political support directly and indirectly, through instigating non-egalitarian attitudes. The latter also belong to very important determinants of pro-transformation feelings, while these feelings are almost unrelated to the socio-occupational characteristics of the respondents, except of education. The revealed pattern of interrelations between the attitudes is used in the article to explain the growing popularity of ex-communist parties, as reflected by the outcomes of recent parliamentary elections.

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