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african-americans

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Journal Articles
California History. 2010; 87326–68 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25702975
Published: 01 January 2010
... Dream" in Seeking El Dorado: African Americans in Cali- fornia, ed. Lawrence B. De Graaf, Kevin Mul- roy, and Quintard Taylor (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001), 129-48. 13 Albert Broussard, Black San Francisco: The Struggle for Racial Equality in the West, 1900-1954 (Lawrence...
Journal Articles
California History. 1996; 753194–197 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25177592
Published: 01 October 1996
...Shirley Ann Wilson Moore Copyright 1996 CHS fi*l^^ The Freeman family, Richmond, California, ca. 1919. From left to right are Wal ter Freeman, Jr., Walter Freeman, Sr., and Jessie Freeman. Author's collection. 194 CALIFORNIA HISTORY African Americans in California: A Brief Historiography by...
Journal Articles
California History. 2018; 95154–61 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2018.95.1.54
Published: 01 February 2018
...=reprints . 2018 JULIA BRICKLIN Georgia Ann Hill Robinson The LAPD s First African American Policewoman I N MAY 1928, policewoman Georgia Robinson stepped between two drunken women in the city jail and attempted to break up their fight. She remembers little about what happened next. One of her colleagues...
Journal Articles
California History. 2017; 94143–54 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2017.94.1.43
Published: 01 May 2017
...=reprints . 2017 African American History Baja California LAURA HOOTON Black Angelenos with the Courage to Do and Dare African American Community Organizers in Lower California B . C. ROBESON, a preacher in the Zionist Church and brother of actor and activist Paul Robeson, wrote in 1919 that...
Journal Articles
California History. 1996; 75325177591 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25177591
Published: 01 October 1996
...Rick Moss; Tony Powell; Robert L. Haynes Copyright 1996 CHS Historical Agencies? Three California Repositories of African American History and Heritage The California African-American Museum (CAAM), Los Angeles, began operation in 1981 as one of the first state-mandated museums of its kind in...
Journal Articles
California History. 1996; 753222–235 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25177595
Published: 01 October 1996
...Rick Moss Copyright 1996 CHS Not Quite Paradise: The Development of the African American Community in Los Angeles through 1950 by Rick Moss In 1857, Supreme Court Justice Roger B. Taney remarked in the matter of the fugitive slave, Dred Scott, that black men had no rights that white men were...
Journal Articles
California History. 1996; 753250–263 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25177597
Published: 01 October 1996
... PHB_il?r ~ EBfllB_ i W^Jmm % <^lb_r ^^ BHBII I lilft '^JlG_r BH I lH_^BBKilw;'t# Mm^ R ,'ife~ j.k^ _ EBHH I^^Hp, j? Hlpr jrf-W?& ' P9H I BFI - ? IMB | In 1944, two African American welders prepare a ship for launching at California Shipbuilding Company, one of the "Big 3" shipbuilding companies located...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 96348–76 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.3.48
Published: 01 August 2019
...Christopher M. Sterba The African American actor, writer, and director Spencer Williams, Jr. (1895–1969) has been the subject of a range of academic studies in recent years. Scholars have explored his pioneering work in early black film and his problematic role as “Andy Hogg Brown” in the...
Journal Articles
California History. 2017; 94320–36 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2017.94.3.20
Published: 01 November 2017
...—white skilled labor, military realities and expanding Allied production needs encouraged the hiring of unskilled African American, indigenous, and Chinese American men and women in unprecedented numbers. While the early struggles of workers to find housing and adequate services in Richmond and the East...
Journal Articles
California History. 2018; 9522–26 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2018.95.2.2
Published: 01 May 2018
... conservatism in every aspect of public life, the Los Angeles Times , the City Council, and the Protestant churches combined in an effort to squash these challenges to orthodoxy. In profiling two prominent Spiritualists, African American George W. Shields and white midwesterner Cynthia Lisetta Vose, this...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97181–83 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.81
Published: 01 February 2020
... Crumpler, a professor at the San Francisco Art Institute and an African American, also objected to the murals destruction. In response to similar unrest almost fifty years ago, the school board had commissioned Crumpler, then a twenty-two-year old artist and activist, to supplement Arnautoff s murals...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 9713–32 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.3
Published: 01 February 2020
... Tower. A spectacular bas relief frieze at the head of the athletic field perhaps the most impressive example of New Deal sculpture in the region was created by Sargent Johnson, the only prominent New Deal artist in San Francisco who identified as African American.29 At the primary entry steps and hall...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97179–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.79
Published: 01 February 2020
... rather than the interests of Angelenos. The book begins with the 1965 Watts rebellion. Although sparked acutely by California Highway Patrol officers attempt to arrest two African American men, the rebellion reflected long-simmering community frustrations with racialized policing. The LAPD framed the...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97186–88 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.86
Published: 01 February 2020
... shorter projects can be much harder than longer ones, Meacham and McGraw attempt to represent the United States in an inclu- sive manner in this collection, which includes, for instance, Native American songs about the earth and African American songs about slavery (the authors quote Frederick Douglass as...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97176–78 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.76
Published: 01 February 2020
... concludes with a case study of the commission s enthusiasm for a scheme to replace African American sharecroppers in the Mississippi Delta with Italian migrants. Taken together, the chapters show how the Dillingham Commission in- vented the immigration problem and, along with its legislative...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97172–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.72
Published: 01 February 2020
... are of women and African Americans; the latter, he comments, have a particular fear of the sym- bolic pollution that clings to those who haul trash (157). The mainstreaming of Italians is paralleled by the mainstreaming of the waste industry itself, which Stefanelli with some ambivalence pushed...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97155–59 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.55
Published: 01 February 2020
... displaying the genocide and enslavement of California Indians. We need a museum that has multisensory displays and immerses the visitor in history. I can imagine a museum similar to the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington, D.C., one displaying not only the devastation...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97133–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.33
Published: 01 February 2020
... His frequent paeans to human bondage led the San Francisco Elevator, one of California s African American newspapers, to conclude that Washington would doubtless like to see the old era reestablished, and slavery triumphant over the land. 13 Washington s nostalgia extended to the leaders of the Old...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 9642–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.4.2
Published: 01 November 2019
... Lazarus: Religion and the Rise of African-American and Native American Literatures (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), 12, 8. 3. Scholars of northern North America have, in recent decades, discovered the myriad ways in which Native peoples adopted alphabetic literacy. Hilary E. Wyss has been the...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 96411–37 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.4.11
Published: 01 November 2019
..., supervised and mandated by Indian Affairs employees, but unsupported by adequate nutrition.41 Like other Round Valley Reservation Indians, Yuki suffered frommalnutrition, if not out- right starvation. In 1860, when most people were far less sedentary than they are today, the average African American slave in...