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affirmative-action

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Journal Articles
California History. 1985; 64152–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/25158274
Published: 01 January 1985
...David J. León; Daniel McNeill Copyright 1985 CHS THE FIFTH CLASS A 19 CENTURY FORERUNNER OF AFFIRMATIVE ACTION In 1870 the new University of Cali fornia augmented its tiny student body with Hispanics by David J. Leon and Daniel McNeill 1_B_B Wmt ^"F" 91 iBHB| ^ .^ ^ *fSl i^fh^pW fIrHBP_ H SB...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 97288–111 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.2.88
Published: 01 May 2020
... well as those who have theorized Black Power's intersections with municipal policymaking, labor organizing, business and community development projects, and affirmative action programs, I examine the spheres of airport employment and entrepreneurialism to show how struggles to overcome social and...
Journal Articles
California History. 2014; 91258–73 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2014.91.2.58
Published: 01 August 2014
... Republican Party’s corporatist ethos. President Nixon appointed Fletcher to the Labor Department, where he implemented the Revised Philadelphia Plan, earning himself the title "father of affirmative action." Fletcher’s experience was hardly typical of civil rights leaders. He preferred to work inside the...
Journal Articles
California History. 2020; 9713–32 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2020.97.1.3
Published: 01 February 2020
... seeing inside (likely on orders from Fleishhacker, since nothing about these actions appears in Art Commission minutes).8 By then, San Francisco was in the midst of a Red Scare. On May 9, 1934, longshore workers had gone on strike at all Pacific Coast ports. Other maritime unions soon fol- lowed...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 96438–53 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.4.38
Published: 01 November 2019
... and community interests through federal Indian law and policy. With no reservation land and no support from the federal government, San Luis Rey members feared further margin- alization within their tribal territory if the tribe took no action through the government s newly created FAP. Tribal leaders...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 96454–77 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.4.54
Published: 01 November 2019
... Indian Health Services in Eureka, coordinator of a summer work program for the Tri-County Indian Manpower Program, and graphic artist for the Eureka Indian Action Council Day Care Center, United Indian Health Services, and Northern California Indian Education Project. He did all this work while remaining...
Journal Articles
California History. 2019; 9632–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2019.96.3.2
Published: 01 August 2019
... unsuccessful) bills that would have banned sex dis- crimination, required affirmative action in California universities, and provided subsidized child care. In 1971, he authored a successful nonbinding resolution supporting the ERA (Senate Joint Resolution [SJR] 26), and he would ultimately author the...
Journal Articles
California History. 2018; 95435–40 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2018.95.4.35
Published: 01 November 2018
...- preme Court s ruling against the University of California s affirmative action admissions procedures in the land- mark case Regents of the University of California v. Baake. The casewas litigated all the way to the United States SupremeCourt, with the ACLU-NC filing an amicus brief on the University s...
Journal Articles
California History. 2018; 9532–20 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2018.95.3.2
Published: 01 August 2018
... action to protect, preserve and restore Rose Canyon, but as a tax-exempt group, it was prohibited from advocating for candidates di- rectly.79 So, instead, friends of the canyon acted as private citizens and through allied groups such as UC Golden to rebalance local politics and change city plans...
Journal Articles
California History. 2017; 9432–19 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2017.94.3.2
Published: 01 November 2017
..., Pasadena granted Armenians protected minority status in 1985. By including its Armenian population in affirmative action policy, Pasadena recognized Armenians officially as a minority39 a sta- tus shift that is interpreted along different community lines.40 Two early twentieth-century court decisions In re...
Journal Articles
California History. 2017; 94445–56 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2017.94.4.45
Published: 01 November 2017
..., which prompted the Americans to take action and throw them out of the establishment.3 The German sympathizers were sub- sequently tried and found guilty of disturbing the peace. They were fined two hundred dollars and sentenced to ninety days in jail. One of the Americans who had taken part in this anti...
Journal Articles
California History. 2016; 93442–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2016.93.4.42
Published: 01 November 2016
... the authority s plan for dispersal, integration, and assimilation after internment was a natural connection for them, but not always an easy one. Finally, their alignment with non-religious and non-governmen- tal yet liberal groups like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and civic action groups...
Journal Articles
California History. 2016; 93352–74 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2016.93.3.52
Published: 01 August 2016
... action.32 In East Los Angeles, the rise of the ChicanoMovement, bolstered by the East Los Angeles walkouts in 1968 and the ChicanoMoratorium in 1970, complicated the negotiation of iden- tity that scholars observed in the community s development. Historians Arnoldo De León and Richard Griswold del...
Journal Articles
California History. 2015; 92242–65 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2015.92.2.42
Published: 01 August 2015
... affirmed that Ord s action was fraudulent and added that there had been no concession or grant nor any satisfactory evidence that any title of any kind was ever issued by the governor to the claimant. Furthermore, original grantee Vincent Gomez had never occupied the grant and probably never even saw it...
Journal Articles
California History. 2015; 92153–72 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2015.92.1.53
Published: 01 May 2015
... defense workers.75 Throughout the summer of 1953, evictions roiled Linda Vista. After a September meeting with Hottell, PHA administrator Charles Slusser expressed support for the CHC s actions and onemonth later ended the evictions process. However, ending evictions came with a cost. Increased rents...
Journal Articles
California History. 2014; 91363–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2014.91.3.63
Published: 01 November 2014
... along with Equal Opportunity Programs, affirmative action policies, and other technologies of racial integration was indeed a systemic response to the Master Plan s failures to equitably incorporate a heterogeneous and economically segmented student population.8 In a sense, postwar studies of race and...
Journal Articles
California History. 2014; 9121–2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2014.91.2.1
Published: 01 August 2014
... near extinction. David Hamilton Golland explains how the so-called father of affirmative action found his calling in California, where blacks could see, but not partake, in the abundance. Laura A. Watt and Ellen Joslin Johnck recount the surprising history of salt production in the Bay Area and how a...
Journal Articles
California History. 2014; 91143–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2014.91.1.43
Published: 01 February 2014
... monuments and on to the city and town streets across California, preservation actions lagged tremendously. And this is the gap that Jacobs tries to bridge in his piece. The Federal Highway Administration, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans), and other Federal entities drove the demolition...
Journal Articles
California History. 2013; 90264–76 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41936501
Published: 01 January 2013
... Collections, University of California at Santa Cruz (hereafter cited as UCSC). 48 Nunis, Trials of Isaac Graham, 119. The California Supreme Court affirmed that he marriage was bigamous. Isaac Graham v. Tillatha C. Bennett (1852) 2 Cal. 503. 49 Skip Littlefield, "Isaac Graham: The Rifle- Toting Firebrand...
Journal Articles
California History. 2013; 9024–70 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/41936498
Published: 01 January 2013
... Tactics, 96-97; Hiroshi Fukurai, "Embrac- ing Affirmative Jury Selection for Racial Fairness," Racial Issues in Criminal Justice: The Case of African Americans, ed. Marvin D. Free, Jr. (Westport: Praeger, 2003), 241-45. Respublica v. Mesca, 1 Dall. 73, 1 US L.Ed. 42 (Pa. Supreme Court 1783); United...