NOTES

1.

Lee Watkins, “California's First Honey Bees,” American Bee Journal, 108, no. 5 (1968): 190.

2.

Ibid. Subsequent analysis challenges this notion. Because of their long confinement, Buckley's admittance that he knew very little of caring for bees, and Watkins's inability to unearth any record of W. A. Buckley or his last remaining hive make it highly unlikely that Buckley's bees were as healthy as the Daily Alta described.

3.

Thomas Hinckley Thompson and Albert Augustus West, History of Los Angeles County, California, 1880 (Oakland, CA: Thompson and West, 1880), 59.

4.

Ibid.

5.

Carey McWilliams, Southern California: An Island on the Land (Layton, UT: Gibbs Smith, 1980 [1946]), 114.

6.

William McPherson, Homes in Los Angeles City and County (Los Angeles: Mirror Book and Job Printing Establishment, 1873), 33.

7.

Ibid.

8.

Ibid.

9.

Lee H. Watkins, “John S. Harbison: Pioneer San Diego County Beekeeper,” Journal of San Diego History, 15 (Fall 1969), 20.

10.

Ibid., 34.

11.

“A Southern California Apiary,” Pacific Rural Press, October 10, 1891, 1.

12.

“About the Bees.” Honey Love Urban Beekeepers, accessed May 20, 2014, http://honeylove.org/bees/.

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