Kenneth N. Owens, Gold Rush Saints : California Mormons and the Great Rush For Riches (Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 2004);
J. Kenneth Davies and Lorin K. Hansen, Mormon Gold : Mormons in the California Gold Rush Contributing to the Development of California and the Monetary Solvency of Early Utah, 2d ed. (North Salt Lake City, UT: Granite Mountain Pub. Co., 2010).
California was his own." Bagley, ed., Scoun- drel's Tale : The Samuel Brannan Papers (Spo- kane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1997)' 72-
Young to Brannan, Sept. 15, 1845, in Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 91-92.
Brannan to Young, Jan. 26, 1846, in Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 122-24.
The Brooklyn voyage is carefully docu- mented in Lorin Hansen's "Voyage of the Brooklyn," Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 21 (Autumn 1988), 46-72;
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 131-68.
Additional details appear in Richard H. Bullock, Ship Brooklyn Saints: Their Journey and Early Endeavors in California (Sandy, UT: Ship Brooklyn Association, 2009).
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 123-24.
Edward Kemble, "Flag of the Twelve Stars," Sacramento Daily Union, May 22, 1858.
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 166-68.
Latter-Day Saints' Millennial Star, Oct. 15, 1857.
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 204-5.
William W. Slaughter and Michael Landon, Trail of Hope: The Story of the Mormon Trail (Salt Lake City, UT: Shadow Mountain, Deseret Book Company, 1997), 66-68.
Wilford Woodruff, The Discourses of Wil- ford Woodruff (Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1969), 322-23.
John Brown, "An Evidence of Inspira- tion," Juvenile Instructor 16 (1881), 269.
David L. Bigler, Forgotten Kingdom: The Mormon Theocracy in the American West, 1847-1896 (Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1998), 15.
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 219.
Norma B. Ricketts, The Mormon Battalion: U.S. Army of the West, 1846-1848 (Logan: Utah State University Press, 1996);
David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, Army of Israel : Mormon Battal- ion Narratives (Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 2000).
Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 222.
Young to Hunt and Battalion, Aug. 7, 1857, Journal History, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City (hereafter cited as Journal History), in Bigler and Bagley, Army of Israel, 355-57.
James Stephens Brown, California Gold - An Authentic History of the First Find, With the Names of Those Interested in the Discovery (Salt Lake City, UT: James S. Brown, 1894), 9-
Sutter to Vallejo, Oct. 1847, New Helvetia, Sutter Collection, box 312, folder 10,
Mariano G. Vallejo, Documentos para la historia de California, Tomo XII, 1844-48, Manuscript 315,
Sutter to Larkin, Oct. 28, 1847, in George P. Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers: Personal, Business, and Official Corre- spondence of Thomas Oliver Larkin, Merchant and United States Consul in California, 10 vols. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1951-1964), 7:47.
Albert L. Hurtado, John Sutter: A Life on the North American Frontier (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006).
Owens, "'Gold, Boys, Gold!' The Mormon Beginnings of the California Gold Rush," Gold Rush Saints, 91-124.
J. S. Holliday, The World Rushed In: The California Gold Rush Experience (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981).
Malcolm J. Rohrbough, Days of Gold : The California Gold Rush and the American Nation (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1997);
Peter J. Blodgett, Land of Golden Dreams: California in the Golden Decade, 1848-1858 (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1999).
Kenneth N. Owens, "The California Gold Rush in History" and "California Gold Rush Fundamentals," in Owens, ed., Riches for All: The California Gold Rush and the World (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002), 1-28.
Rich in detail, the history of the 1848 LDS eastward expeditions is narrated in Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 157-200.
Abner Blackburn, Frontiersman: Abner Blackburn's Narrative , ed. Will Bagley (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1992), 146-50.
Leonard Arrington, Brigham Young: American Moses (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985) 17-79, 184-84.
"'Greedy After the Things of This World': Brigham Young's California Gold Rush Pol- icy," in Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 201-44.
Lyman and Rich to Young, July, 23, 1850,
Young Collection, LDS Archives, Salt Lake City (hereafter cited as Young Collection), in Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 292-96.
Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 302.
Lyman and Rich to Young, July, 23, 1850,
Young Collection, in Bagley, Scoundrel's Tale, 295.
Edward Leo Lyman, San Bernardino : The Rise and Fall of a California Community (Salt Lake City, UT: Signature Books, 1996).
Manuscript History of the Church, Brigham Young Period, 1844-1877, Mar. 20, 1851,
LDS Archives, cited in Blackburn, Frontiersman, ed. Bagley, 196.
Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, and Willard Richards, "General Epistle to All Latter-Day Saints, Feb. 19, 1853, Journal His- tory, in Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 241.
Roger Robin Ekins, ed., Defending Zion: George Q. Cannon and the California Mormon Newspaper Wars of 1856-1857 (Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 2002).
Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 314-28.
George D. Watt's transcript of President Young's speech, delivered in the summer of 1857,
Lyman, San Bernardino, 377-78,
Young to Chester Loveland and the Breth- ren in Carson Cr. [County], Aug. 15, 1857, Letterbook 3, Young Papers, in Owens, Gold Rush Saints, 330.
David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, The Mor- mon Rebellion: America's First Civil War (Nor- man: University of Oklahoma Press, 2011);
William P. MacKinnon, At Sword's Point: A Documentary History of the Utah War to 1858, vol. 1 (Norman, OK: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 2008).
Will Bagley, Blood of the Prophet: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows (Nor- man: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002);
Ronald W. Walker, Richard E. Turley, and Glen M. Leonard, Massacre at Mountain Meadows: An American Tragedy (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).
Diary of Wilford Woodruff, Sept. 25, 1890, LDS Archives;
"Official Declaration," LDS Doctrine and Covenants, after sec. 136, quoted in Leonard Arrington and Davis Bit- ton, The Mormon Experience: A History of the Latter-day Saints, 2nd ed. (Urbana: Univer- sity of Illinois Press, 1992), 183.
Richard O. Cowan and William E. Homer, California Saints: A 150-Year Legacy in the Golden State (Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University Press, 1996), 234-35.
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