NOTES

NOTES
1
Lundberg to Warren, July 13, 1943, box 7:9,
2
Harre Demoro, The Key Route: Transbay Commuting by Train and Ferry (Glendale, CA: Interurban Press, 1985), 67-68.
3
Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, Words Can Lie or Clarify; Mako Nakagawa, The Power of Words; J ACL National Resolution on Terminology; and other works on the National Parks Service website, http://www.nps.gov/tule/forteachers/ suggestedreading.htm.
4
Ellen Eisenberg, The First to Cry Injustice?: Western Jews and Japanese Removals During World War II (Landam, MD: Lexington Books, 2008),
Stepha- nie Bangarth, Voices Raised in Protest- Defending Citizens of Japanese Ancestry in North America, 1942-49 (Vancouver: Univer- sity of British Columbia Press, 2008).
Jerry Kang, "Watching the Watch- ers: Enemy Combatants in the Internment Shadow," Law and Contemporary Society 68, no. 2 (2005): 255-84,
Roger Daniels, "The Japanese American Cases, 1942-2004: A Social History," Law and Contemporary Society 68, no. 2 (2005): 159-72.
5
Atlee E. Shidler, "The Fair Play Committee: A Study in the Protection of the Rights of Minority Groups" (master's thesis, Clare- mont Graduate School, 1952);
Ruth W. Kingman, "A Brief Historical Report of the Pacific Coast Committee on American Prin- ciples and Fair Play" (Berkeley, CA: Fair Play Committee, 1946), 1-2.
6
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 9;
Roger Daniels, The Politics of Prejudice : The Anti-Asian Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1977), 90-91,105,
"The Decision to Relocate the North American Japanese," Pacific Historical Review (Feb. 1982): 71-77;
Dillon Myer, Uprooted Americans and the Wartime Migration (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1971), 12.
7
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 28;
Ruth W Kingman, The Fair Play Committee and Citizen Participation (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley, 1973), 24-26
8
Paul Schuster Taylor, California Social Scientist (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley, 1975), 90-95;
Dorothea Lange, The Making of a Documentary Photographer (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley, 1968), 186-91.
9
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 29-30;
Kingman, Brief Historical Report, 1.
10
Myer, Uprooted Americans and the War- time Migration, 14-16;
Scott Kurashige, The Shifting Ground of Race: Blacks and Japanese Americans in the Making of Multiethnic Los Angeles (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008), 115-20;
Ed Cray, Chief Jus- tice: A Biography of Earl Warren (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997), 116-17.
11
Cray, Chief Justice, 115-16, 123;
Edward G. White, Earl Warren: A Public Life (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982), 70.
12
Earl Warren, The Memoirs of Earl Warren (Garden City: Doubleday, 1977), 145;
Leo Katcher, Earl Warren: A Political Biography (New York: McGraw Hill, 1967), 141;
Kai Bird, The Chairman John J. McCloy: The Making of the American Establishment (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992), 148-49.
13
Bird, Chairman John J. McCloy, 149-50.
14
Hearings Before the Select Committee Inves- tigating National Defense Migration, House of Representatives, Seventy-Seventh Congress, Part 29, San Francisco Hearings, February 21 and 23, 1942 (Washington, DC: U.S. Printing Office, 1942), 10973-11015.
15
Ibid., 11137-11155.
16
Ibid., 11178-11186.
17
Ibid., 11197-11203.
18
Bird, Chairman John J. McCloy, 151-54.
19
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 16-17, 42-47;
Daniels, "The Decision to Relocate the North American Japanese."
20
Allan W. Austin, From Concentration Camps to Campus: Japanese Students and World War II (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000);
Thomas James, Exile Within: The Schooling of Japanese Americans 1942- 1945 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987);
Gary Y. Okihiro, Storied Lives: Japanese American Students and World War II (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999);
Robert W. O'Brien, The College Nisei (Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books, 1949);
Myer, Uprooted, 131.
21
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 37.
22
Milton Eisenhower, The President Is Calling (New York: Doubleday, 1974), 97, 114-19.
23
Eisenhower, The President Is Calling, 123;
Myer, Uprooted, 23.
24
Myer, Uprooted, 29, 61.
25
Dillon Myer, War Relocation Authority : The Director's Account (oral history, Regional Oral History Project, University of Califor- nia, Berkeley, 1974), 41
Myer, Uprooted, 71
26
Kingman, "Brief Historical Report," 2-3;
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 61-68.
27
Harry Kingman, Citizenship in a Democ- racy (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, University of California Berkeley, 1973), 16-61
Galen Fisher, Citadel of Democracy: The History of the Public Affairs Record of Stiles Hall (Berkeley, CA: Howell- North, 1955), 23-28, 32;
Frances Linsley, What Is This Place?: An Informal History of Stiles Hall (Berkeley, CA: Stiles Hall, 1984), 63-66.
28
Harry Kingman oral history, 68-69;
Kingman oral history, 7-13, 16-21;
T. Robert Yamada, The Japanese American Experi- ence: the Berkeley Experience (Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Historical Society, 1995), 16;
"A Statement to Japanese Friends and Fellow Americans from the Berkeley Fellowship of Churches and the First Congregational Church of Berkeley, 1942," carton 2:5,
29
Ruth Kingman oral history, 27-29.
30
Ruth Kingman oral history, 34;
Kingman to Fisher, Oct. 2, 1943, box 6:8,
31
Ruth Kingman oral history, 38-39;
Myer, Uprooted, xix.
32
Los Angeles Times, May 27, 1943;
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 81.
33
Flyer, carton 2:3,
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 91-94.
34
Carey McWilliams, Prejudice: Japanese Americans Symbols of Racial Intolerance (New York, Little Brown, 1944), 257-59: Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 123-30.
35
Cray, Chief Justice, 157-58;
Katcher, Earl Warren, 48;
Bernard Schwartz, Super Chief: Earl Warren and His Court (New York: New York University Press, 1983), 123-30.
36
Life, July 5, 1943;
Lundberg to Warren, July 13, 1943, box 7:9,
37
Warren to Lundberg, July 16, 1943, box 7:9,
Cray, Chief Justice, 158.
38
Lundberg to Warren, Sept. 2, 1943, box 7:9,
39
Kurashige, Shifting Ground of Race, 75-80;
Arthur A. Hansen and David A. Hacker- man, "The Manzanar Riot: An Ethnic Per- spective," Amerasia (Fall 1974): 112-57.
40
Gordon and Okihiro, Impounded, 73;
Richard Drinnon, Keeper of the Concentration Camps: Dillon S. Myer and American Racism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987), 127;
Mike Mackey, ed., A Matter of Conscience: Essays on the World War II Heart Mountain Draft Resistance Movement (Powell, WY: Western History, 2002);
Arthur Han- sen, "The 1944 Draft Resistance at Heart Mountain," OAH Magazine of History (Sum- mer 1996): 48-60.
41
Myer, Uprooted, 80;
Elaine Ellison and Stan Yogi, Wherever There's a Fight : How Runaway Slaves, Suffragists, Immigrants, Strikers, and Poets Shaped Civil Liberties in California (Berkeley CA: Heyday, 2009), 426-28;
Judy Kutulas, The American Civil Liberties Union and the Making of American Liberalism, 1930-1960 (Chapel Hill: Uni- versity of North Carolina Press, 2006), 113, 120-21.
42
Kutulas, American Civil Liberties Union, 90-128;
Bangarth, Voices Raised in Protest, 49-58.
43
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 115-20;
Ruth Kingman oral history, 27-29.
44
Sproul, Harrison, and Lundberg to Myer, Nov. 10, 1943, box 2:3,
Kingman to Roos- evelt, Nov. 26, 1943, box 2:4,
Myer to King- man, Dec. 6, 1943, box 2:5,
Myer, Uprooted, 80;
Shidler, "Fair Play Commit- tee," 119-21.
45
Kingman to Outland, Dec. 14, 1943,
King- man to Boettiger, Oct. 15, 1943,
Myer to Kingman, Oct. 16, 1943,
Myer oral history, 40.
46
Jeffers to Wada, Sept. 20, 1943,
Jan. 26, 1944, boxes 1:12, 2:9,
47
Kingman to NBC, Emmons, and McCloy, n.d., box 2:9,
McCloy to Kingman, Feb. 11, 1944, box 2:10,
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 136-38.
Hansen, "1944 Draft Resis- tance," 50.
48
Ruth Kingman oral history, 49-52.
49
Galen Fisher, A Balance Sheet on Japanese Evacuation : Untruths About Japanese Ameri- cans (Berkeley, CA: Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, 1943), previously published in Christian Century, Aug. 18, 26, Sept. i, 8, 1943.
50
McWilliams, Prejudice ; McWilliams to Fisher, Feb. 16, 1943, box 6:1,
Kingman to McWilliams, Apr. 25, 1944, box 2:16,
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 201;
Peter Richardson, American Prophet: The Life and Work of Carey McWilliams (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005), 152-36.
51
Kingman to Sproul, Mar. 1, 1944 and Apr. 17, 1944, boxes 6:13, 6:14,
Fisher to Sproul, box 6:13,
Kingman to Kaplan, May 23, 1944, box 6:22,
52
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 145-47;
Ruth Kingman oral history, 45.
53
Kingman to Sproul, July 10, 1944,
Sproul to Kingman, July 14, 1944,
Kaplan to King- man, July 24, 1944, box 6:17,
54
Harrison to Crotty, July 17, 1944, box 3:6,
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 173-
55
"Mister Produce Grower: The Future Is in Your Hands," carton 2:3,
56
Los Angeles Times, Oct. 2, 1944;
Los Ange- les Herald Express, Nov. 15, 1944.
57
Ruth Kingman oral history, 55.
58
Harrison to Ickes, Mar. 18, 1944, box 2:4,
T. H. Watkins, Righteous Pilgrim: The Life and Times of Harold Ickes (New York: Henry Holt, 1990), 792-95.
59
Department of the Interior to Harrison, Apr. 4, 1944, box 2:15,
Myer to Kingman, May 5, 1944, box 2:16,
Kingman to Fortas, Apr. 20, 1945, box 4:14,
60
Runquist to Kingman, Apr. 15, 1944,
Kingman to Runquist, Apr. 19, 1944, box 2:14,
Watkins, Righteous Pilgrim, 795;
Myer, Uprooted, 183;
Greg Robinson, By Order of the President: FDR and the Intern- ment of Japanese Americans (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001), 245.
61
Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 178-80;
Pasadena Post, Sept. 27, 1944;
Wylie to King- man, Dec. 5, 1944, box 4:3,
62
Fisher to Baldwin, Dec. 10, 1944, box 4:3,
Myer to Harrison, Dec. 18, 1944, box 4:3,
Records; Shidler, "Fair Play Committee," 183-85;
Myer, Uprooted, 184, 191;
Robinson, By Order of the President, 251;
Los Angeles Times, Dec. 18, 1944.
63
Ellison and Yogi, Wherever There's a Fight, 430-37;
Greg Robinson and Toni Robinson, "Korematsu and Beyond: Japanese Ameri- cans and the Origin of Strict Scrutiny," Law and Contemporary Society 68 (2005): 29-56;
Daniels, "Japanese American Cases," 159-72.
64
Warren, Conversation with Earl Warren on California Government (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, University of California, Berkeley, 1982), 260
Kingman to Warren, Dec. 20, 1944, box 4:4,
Cray, Chief Jus- tice, 159, 278;
White, Earl Warren, 74.
65
John D, Weaver, Warren, the Man, the Court, the Era, (New York, Little Brown, 1967) 112;
Schwartz, Super Chief, 16.
66
White, Earl Warren, 74;
Kingman to War- ren, Dec. 20, 1944 and Apr. 21, 1945, boxes 4:4, 4:13,
Warren to Deutsch, June 26, 1945, box 7:1,
67
Ruth Kingman oral history, 67;
Kingman to Saburo Kido, Dec. 23, 1944, box 4:4,
San Francisco News, Jan. 11, 1945.
68
Kingman to Holliday, n.d., box 6:26,
Kingman to Fisher, Apr. 4, 1945, box 4:13,
Myer, Uprooted, 197;
Watkins, Righ- teous Pilgrim, 796.
69
Kingman to Booth, June 15, 1945, box 6:28,
70
Kingman to Myer, Mar. 3 and May 20, 1943, boxes 1:1, 1:4,
Myer to Kingman, June 12, 1943, box 1:4,
Kimi Kodani Hill, ed., Chiura Obata's Topaz Moon: Art of the Internment (Berkeley, CA: Heyday, 2000), 19-21, 40, 105-6.
71
Warren oral history, 261.
72
American Council on Race Relations, "West Coast Incidents Involving People of Japanese Descent" (San Francisco: Ameri- can Council on Race Relations, 1945).
73
Sacramento Bee, Jan. 1, 1945, Feb. 1, 1945, May 8, 1945;
Daily Californian, Apr. 26, 1945;
San Francisco Chronicle, Mar. 25, 1945.
74
Fair Play Committee Open Letter, n.d., box 5:8,
Kingman to McCloy, June 10, 1943, box 5:3,
75
Kingman to Chronicle, May 25, 1945, box 5:2,
76
Ruth Kingman oral history, 61;
Kingman to Ickes, Sept. 28, 1945, box 5:9,
Kingman to Reichert, Nov. 26, 1945, box 5:11,
77
Myer, Uprooted, 286;
Drinnon, Keeper of the Concentration Camps, 57, 58.
78
Ruth Kingman oral history, 49-51;
Hill, Topaz Moon, 99;
Hansen, "1944 Draft Resis- tance at Heart Mountain," 50-51.
79
Orr to Kingman, Sept. 20, 1945,
Kingman to Orr, Sept. 25, 1945, box 5:9,
80
Kingman to Reichert, July 1, 1945, box 5:11,
Kingman to Griffin, Dec. 14, 1945, box 5:12,
Shidler, "Fair Play Commit- tee," 233-37.
81
Harry Kingman oral history, no, 136, 166, 175, 190;
Ruth Kingman oral history, 74-
82
Myer, Uprooted, 291, 293;
Drinnon, Keeper of the Concentration Camps.
83
Warren, Memoirs, 232.
84
Schwartz, Super Chief, 16.
Boiling v. Sharpe (1954).
Robinson and Robinson, "Kore- matsu and Beyond," 29-56.
85
Schwartz, Super Chief, 17;
Cray, Chief Jus- tice, 520.
86
Warren, Memoirs, 148-49.
87
Katcher, Earl Warren, 141;
White, Earl Warren, 71.
88
Robert Kenny, California Attorney General and the 1946 Gubernatorial Campaign (oral history, Regional Oral History Office, Uni- versity of California Berkeley, 1979), 20.
89
Hayashida to Kingman, Dec. 18, 1944, box 4:4,
Obata to Kingman, Sept. 4, 1945, box 5:9,
1
"Architects Migrate," Architect Engineer 149, no. 3 (June 1942), 52;
Flinn Saito Andersen Architects website, http://www. ahtsarchitects.com/who_we_are.htm.
2
S. Saito to William Hyde Irwin, June 22, 1942, folder 32,
MS 202B,
3
Ibid.
4
Drawings of the Tanforan Assembly Center, BANC PIC 1979.071 -PIC,
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