[Endnotes]

[Endnotes]
1
Shelton Stromquist, Reinventing "The People": The Progressive Movement, the Class Problem, and the Origins of Modern Liberal- ism (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006), viii.
Daniel T. Rodgers, "In Search of Progres- sivism," Reviews in American History 10, no. 4 (1982): 113-32
Amy Bridges, Morning Glories: Municipal Reform in the Southwest (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1:997)
Iames J. Connolly, The Triumph of Ethnic Progressivism: Urban Political Culture in Boston, 1900-1925 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998)
Maureen A. Flana- gan, America Reformed: Progressives and Pro- gressivisms, 1890s-1920s (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).
2
Andrew Carnegie to James Phelan, June 20, 1901, Box 10, Folder 48
James D. Phelan Papers, Bancroft Library, Berkeley, CA (hereafter cited as Phelan Papers). San Francisco Coast Seamen's Journal, July 10 and 24, 1901 (hereafter cited as Seamen's Journal).
3
Seamen's Journal, Mar. 27, July 10, 17, and 24, 1901.
San Francisco Examiner, July 16, 1901 (hereafter cited as Examiner).
4
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 9, 1901.
5
Ira B. Cross, A History of the Labor Move- ment in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1935)
Robert Edward Lee Knight, Industrial Relations in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1900-1918 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1960)
Jules Tygiel, Workingmen in San Francisco, 1880-1901 (New York: Garland Publishing, 1992)
Stephen Schwartz, Brotherhood of the Sea: A History of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific, 1885-1985 (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers State University Press, 1986)
Ber- nard Cornelius Cronin, Father Yorke and the Labor Movement in San Francisco, 1900-1910 (Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America Press, 1943)
Michael Kazin, Barons of Labor: The San Francisco Building Trades and Union Power in the Progressive Era (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989).
6
Walton Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco: The Story of the Union Labor Party, Big Busi- ness, and the Graft Prosecution (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952)
Judd Kahn, Imperial San Francisco: Politics and Planning in an American City, 1897-1906 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, T979)
William Issel and Robert W, Cherny, San Francisco, 1865-1932: Politics, Power and Urban Development (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986)
Terrence J. McDon- ald, The Parameters of Urban Fiscal Policy: Socioeconomic Change and Political Culture in San Francisco, 1860-1906 (Berkeley: Univer- sity of California Press, 1987)
James Walsh and Timothy O'Keefe, Legacy of a Native Son: James Duval Phelan & Villa Montalvo (Los Gatos, CA: Forbes Mill Press, 1993)
Philip J. Ethington, The Public City: The Political Construction of Urban Life in San Francisco, 1850-1900 (Berkeley: University of Califor- nia Press, 2001)
Gray Brechin, Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1999).
7
Knight, Industrial Relations, 56-65.
San Francisco Chronicle, July 30, 1901 (hereafter cited as Chronicle).
8
Seamen's Journal, Apr. 10, 1901.
9
Tygiel, Workingmen in San Francisco, 158— 59
Knight, Industrial Relations, 26-27.
10
Seamen's Journal, Apr. 10, 1901.
Jeffrey Haydu, Citizen Employers: Business Communities and Labor in Cincinnati and San Francisco, 1870-1916 (Ithaca, NY: ILR Press/Cornell University Press, 2008).
Grace Stimson, Rise of the Labor Movement in Los Angeles (Berkeley: University of Cali- fornia Press, 1955)
Steve Babson, et al., Working Detroit: The Making of a Union Town (Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1986)
Richard Schneirov, Labor and Urban Politics: Class Conflict and the Origins of Mod- ern Liberalism in Chicago, 1864-97 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998).
11
Seamen's Journal, July 24, 1901.
12
Exam- iner, July 16-25, 1901.
Seamen's Journal, July 31, 1901.
Chronicle, July 30, 1901.
13
William Issel, "Class and Ethnic Conflict in San Francisco Political History: The Reform Charter of 1898," Labor History 18 (1977): 341-59.
14
Kahn, Imperial San Francisco, see chap. 3
Walsh and O'Keefe, Legacy of a Native Son, 60-66, 80-92
Robert W. Cherny, "City Commercial, City Beautiful, City Practical: The San Francisco Visions of William C. Ralston, James D. Phelan, and Michael M. O'Shaughnessy" California History 73, no. 4 (Winter, 1994/1995): 296-307
James D. Phelan, "Municipal Conditions and the New Charter," The Overland Monthly 28 (July, 1896): 104-11, quote on 105.
15
Melvin G. Holli, Reform in Detroit: Hazen S. Pingree and Urban Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1969), see chap. 8
Martin J. Schiesl, The Politics of Efficiency: Municipal Administration and Reform in America, 1880-1920 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977)
Rodgers, "In Search of Progressivism"
Bridges, Morning Glories
Flanagan, America Reformed.
16
Examiner, Oct. 16 and 20, 1896
Chron- icle, Nov. I and 3, 1898
Examiner, Nov. 5, 1899.
17
Examiner, Nov. 4, 1896
Chronicle, Nov. 6, 1896 (official results) and Nov. 9, 1899 (comparison of official election results in 1898 and 1899 by assembly district)
Table 23, "Population by Sex, General Nativity, and Color, for Places Having 2,500 Inhabitants or More," Twelfth Census of the United States: 1900, vol. i, pt. i (Washington, DC: Govern- ment Printing Office, 1901), 610
Table 43, "Total Males and Females 10 Years of Age and over Engages in Selected Groups of Occupations, Classified by General Nativ- ity, Color, Conjugal Conditions, Months Unemployed, Age Periods, and Parentage, for Cities Having 50,000 Inhabitants or More," Occupations at the Twelfth Census: 1900 (Washington, DC: Government Print- ing Office, 1904), 720-24.
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 53-79
Alexander Saxton, "San Francisco Labor and the Populist and Pro- gressive Insurgencies," Pacific Historical Review 34, no. 4 (Nov. 1965): 421-38.
18
Examiner, Oct. 20, 1896.
Examiner, Oct. 16, 20, and 24, and Nov. 5, 1896
Chronicle, Nov. 3, 1898.
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 139-40.
Exam- iner, Nov. 5, 1899.
19
Issel, "Class and Ethnic Conflict in San Francisco Political History," 341-59
Chroni- cle, Nov. 1, 1898.
20
San Francisco Evening Post, Oct. 3, 1901.
"Industrial Education or The Advantages of Trade Education for Boys," Sept. 10, 1901, Box 19, Folder 2, Phelan Papers.
21
San Francisco Organized Labor, Aug. 3, 1901 (hereafter cited as Organized Labor).
22
Examiner, Aug. 1 and 8, 1901.
Organized Labor, Aug. 3, 1901.
23
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 7, 1901
Organized Labor, Aug. 10, 1901.
24
San Francisco Bulletin, Aug. 1, 1901 (here- after cited as Bulletin).
Organized Labor, Aug. 3, 1901.
25
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 7, 1901.
Organized Labor, Aug. 10, 1901.
26
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 7, 1901.
Chronicle, Aug. 1, 1901.
Organized Labor, Aug. 10, 1901.
27
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 7 and 14, 1901.
Bul- letin, Aug. 10, 1901.
28
Seamen's Journal, Sept. 18, 1901.
29
Examiner, August 28, 1901.
30
Examiner, Sept. 11, 1901.
Chronicle, July 30, 1901.
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti- Chinese Movement in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971).
31
Examiner, July 31, 1901.
Chronicle, Aug.-Sept., 1901.
Tygiel, Working- men in San Francisco, 318.
32
Examiner, Aug. 27, 1901.
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 2, 1901.
San Francisco Call, Sept. 29, 1901.
33
Chronicle, Aug. 20, 1901.
Examiner, Aug. 15, 1901.
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 21, 1901.
Examiner, Aug. 15 and 28, 1901.
34
Seamen's Journal, Aug. 21, 1901.
Charter of the City and County of San Francisco (San Francisco: Star Press, 1900), 33, 100.
Chron- icle, Aug. 14, 1901.
35
Walsh and O'Keefe, Legacy of a Native Son, 67.
Examiner, Oct. 1, 1901.
36
Seamen's Journal, Sept. 25, 1901.
Exam- iner, Sept. 22 and 25, 1901.
Joseph S. Brusher, Consecrated Thunderbolt: Father Yorke of San Francisco (Hawthorne, NJ: Joseph F. Wagner Publishers, 1973)
James P. Walsh, "Peter C. Yorke: San Francisco's Irishman Reconsidered," in The San Francisco Irish, 1850-3976, ed. James P. Walsh (San Francisco: The Society, 1978).
37
Examiner, Sept. 27, 1901.
38
Phelan to Lincoln Steffens, Dec. 16, 1907, Box 92, Folder 7
Phelan Papers. Examiner, Sept. 27, 1901.
39
Tygiel, Workingmen in San Francisco, 321
McDonald, Parameters of Urban Fiscal Policy, 228
Ethington, The Public City, 403.
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 153
Cronin, Father Yorke, 45
Brusher, Consecrated Thunderbolt, 60.
Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco, 16
Kahn, Imperial San Francisco, 38.
Walsh and O'Keefe (Legacy of a Native Son, 75)
40
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 35-36.
"The Ideal of San Francisco," Box 19, Folder 2, and "The New San Francisco," Sept. 1, 1896, Box 19, Folder 1, Phelan Papers.
41
Examiner, Aug. 14, 1901.
42
Sacramento Bee, Nov. 24, 1897.
43
"Trade Education or The Advantages of Trade Education for Boys," Sept. 10, 1901, Box 19, Folder 2, Phelan Papers.
44
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 30, 1901.
45
Cronin, Father Yorke, 84-85.
46
Chronicle, Aug. 1, 1901.
San Francisco Organized Labor, Aug. 10, 1901.
San Fran- cisco Evening Post, Oct. 3, 1901.
Bulletin, Oct. 30, 1901.
Knight, Industrial Relations, 92-95
Tygiel, Working- men in San Francisco, 337
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 88
Kazin, Barons of Labor, 56
Cronin, Father Yorke, 39
Brusher, Con- secrated Thunderbolt, 68-69.
Cross, A History of the Labor Movement in Cali- fornia
Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco, 17
McDonald, Parameters of Urban Fiscal Policy, 227.
Schwartz, Brotherhood of the Sea, 36
Kahn, Imperial San Francisco, 37-38.
47
San Francisco Bulletin, Sept. 1, 1901
Tygiel, Workingmen in San Fran- cisco, 313.
48
Pile Drivers Local #1, "Minutes of 93 regular meeting, Oct. 12, 1901," Unpub- lished Minute Book, 1901, Pile Drivers Local Union #34, Oakland, CA (hereafter cited as UMB, PD34).
49
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 9, 1901.
50
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 16, 1901. Pile Driv- ers Local #1, "Minutes of 92 regular meet- ing, Oct. 5, 1901," UMB, PD34. Organized Labor, Sept. 7, 1901.
51
Pile Drivers Local #1, "Minutes of 95 reg- ular meeting, Nov. 2, 190[1]," UMB, PD34.
52
Pile Drivers Local #1, "Minutes of 95 reg- ular meeting" and "Minutes of 97 regular meeting, Nov. 16, 1901," UMB, PD34.
53
Pile Drivers Local #1, "Minutes of 95 regular meeting," "Minutes of 97 regular meeting," "Minutes of 98 regular meeting, Nov. 23, 1901," and "Minutes of 99 regular meeting, Nov. 30, 1901," UMB, PD34.
54
Bean, Boss Ruef's San Fran- cisco
Jules Tygiel, "Where Unionism Holds Unprecedented Sway: A Reappraisal of San Francisco's Union Labor Party," Cali- fornia History 62 (Fall 1983): 195-215.
Orga- nized Labor, Sept. 21, 1901.
Chronicle, Aug. 20, 1901.
Leon Fink, Workingmen's Democracy: The Knights of Labor and American Politics (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1985), 26.
55
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 30, 1901.
Examiner, Oct. 30, 1901.
Seamen's Journal, Oct. 31, 1901.
Chronicle, Oct. 16, 1901.
56
Examiner, Oct. 13, 1901.
Examiner, Oct.15, 1901.
Bulletin, Nov. 3 and 6, 1901.
Chronicle, Nov. 7, 1901.
Table 23, Twelfth Census of the United States: 1900, 610.
Table 43, Occupa- tions at the Twelfth Census: 1900, 720-24.
57
Tygiel, "Where Unionism Holds Undis- puted Sway," 204-8.
Seamen's Journal, June 19 and Oct. 30, 1901.
58
Seamen's Journal, Nov. 6, 1901. Pile Driv- ers Local #1, "Minutes of 105 regular meet- ing, Jan. 18, 1902," UMB, PD34
Chronicle, Jan. 8, 1902.
59
Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy; Kazin, Barons of Labor. Tomas Almaguer, Racial Fault Lines: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California (Berkeley: Univer- sity of California Press, 1994).
Kazin, Barons of Labor, 145, 146.
60
Proceedings and List of Delegates: California Chinese Exclusion Convention (San Francisco: Star Press, 1901), 26.
61
Brechin, Imperial San Francisco, 99-102, 156-57, 167-69.
Walsh and O'Keefe, Legacy of a Native Son, 81-130, 149-94.
62
San Francisco Star, Dec. 18, 1897.
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