[Endnotes]

[Endnotes]
1
Rich- ard Bigger and James D. Kitchen, Metropoli- tan Los Angeles: A Study in Integration, vol. 2 (Los Angeles: The Haynes Foundation, 1952), 4, 38.
2
William B. Fried- ricks, Henry E. Huntington and the Creation of Southern California (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1992)
Catherine Mul- holland, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles (Berkeley: University of Califor- nia Press, 2002).
Kevin Starr, Inventing the Dream: California through the Progressive Era (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985), 72.
3
John Walton, Western Times and Water Wars: State, Culture, and Rebellion in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992), xviii.
Margaret Leslie Davis, Rivers in the Desert: William Mulholland and the Inventing of Los Angeles (New York: HarperCollins, 1993), 18
Abraham Hoffman, Vision or Vil- lainy: Origins of the Owens Valley-Los Angeles Water Controversy (College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1981)
William L. Kahrl, Water and Power: The Conflict over Los Angeles' Water Supply in the Owens Valley (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1982)
Marc Reisner, Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water (New York: Viking, 1986)
Norris Hundley, The Great Thirst: Californians and Water—A History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001)
China- town (1974)
Steven P. Erie's Beyond "Chinatown": The Metropolitan Water District, Growth, and the Environment in Southern California (Stanford, CA: Stanford Univer- sity Press, 2006).
Erie, Beyond "Chinatown," 4.
4
Harrison Gray Otis, Los Angeles Times owner and publisher
Edwin T. Earl, Los Angeles Express owner
Harry Chandler, Marion's husband and Los Angeles Times future publisher
Kahrl, Water and Power, 96-67, 187-188
San Fernando Mission Lands, Los Angeles Times, Apr. 21,1912.
6
The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Busi- ness (Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of the Harvard University Press, 1977)
Chandler, The Visible Hand, 145-87.
7
Chandler, The Visible Hand, 145-87.
8
Vincent P. Carosso, Investment Banking in America: A History (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1970), 106-7.
9
William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chi- cago and the Great West (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1991), 56-93, 378.
10
Daniel Pope, Nuclear Implosions: The Rise and Fall of the Washington Public Power Supply System (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).
11
"Municipal Bonds in Demand," New York Times, Oct. 2,1898
Harold G. Moulton, The Financial Organization of Society (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1921), 206.
12
Moulton, The Financial Organization of Society, 214-17.
13
"A Century of Market Leadership," About Moody's, http://www. moodys.com/moodys/cust/AboutMoodys/ AboutMoodys.aspx?topic=history.
14
Harry E. Weil, "Municipal Bond Issues Explained," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 30 (July-Dec. 1907): 389.
15
William Foley, "The Organization and Management of a Bond House," The Annals of the American Academy of Politi- cal and Social Science 30 (July-Dec. 1907): 257-63.
16
Carosso, Investment Banking in America, 51-55.
Ron Chernow, The House of Morgan: An Ameri- can Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance (New York: Grove Press, 1990), 156.
17
Morton Keller's The Life Insurance Enter- prise, 1885-1920: A Study in the Limits of Cor- porate Power (Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963)
Keller, The Life Insurance Enterprise, 6, 129.
18
Keller, The Life Insur- ance Enterprise, 6, 129.
19
Robert F. Bruner and Sean D. Carr, The Panic of 1907: Lessons Learned from the Mar- ket's Perfect Storm (Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2007), 148-49.
20
"Money Trust Names Prepared for Pujo," The New York Times, Feb. 26,1913.
21
http://fraser.sdouisfed.org/ publications/montru.
Moulton, The Financial Organization of Society, 761
"Morgan Reveals Business of Firm," The New York Times, Dec. 19,1912.
U.S. House, Subcommittee of the Committee on Bank- ing and Currency, Money Trust Investigation (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1913).
Historical Statistics of the United States (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1975)
22
Richard J. Orsi, Sunset Limited: The Southern Pacific Railroad and the Development of the American West 2850-1930 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005).
Frances Dinkelspiel, Towers of Gold: How One Jewish Immigrant Named Isaias Hellman Created California (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2008).
23
Stuart Daggett, Chapters on the History of the Southern Pacific (New York: The Ronald Press Company, 1922), 172.
24
Orsi, Sunset Limited, 158-60.
25
William B. Friedricks, Henry E. Hunting- ton and the Creation of Southern California (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1992), 23-29.
26
Dinkelspiel, Towers of Gold, 193.
B. C. Forbes, Men Who Are Making America (New York: B. C. Forbes Publishing Company, 1917), 362.
James Thorpe, Henry E. Huntington (Berkeley: Uni- versity of California Press, 1994), 119.
27
Forbes, Men Who Are Making America, 361.
28
Geoffrey T. Hellman, "Banker, Old Style," The New Yorker (February 27, 1932).
Hugh Chisholm, ed., The Britannica Yearbook (Lon- don: The Encyclopedia Britannica Company, 1913). 575.
29
Forbes, Men Who Are Making America, 364.
Daniel W. James, "James Speyer Discusses the True Value of Earning Power and Its Obligations," April 1925, Reel 3, Scrapbook 1, James Speyer Papers, New York Public Library, New York.
31
Dinkelspiel, Towers of Gold, 171.
32
"The Huntington Type," Los Angeles Times, Apr. 28, 1899. In October 1899
"Speyer the Middle- man," New York Times, Oct. 17,1899
"Deal Finally Completed," New York Times, Nov. 17, 1899
"Big Southern Pacific Deal," New York Times, Dec. 5, 1899.
33
"Southern Pacific President," New York Times, Sept. 6, 1900.
34
Obituary, New York Times, Apr. 28, 1912
"Southern Pacific's Head," New York Times, Oct. 27,1900.
35
"Harri- man Syndicate Gets Southern Pacific," New York Times, Feb. 2, 1901
The World's Work: A History of Our Time, vol. 13 (New York: Doubleday, Page, and Company, 1907), 8548.
36
"Southern Pacific Railroad Sold," Los Angeles Times, Feb. 2, 1901
Chandler, The Visible Hand, 183.
37
Friedricks, Henry E. Huntington and the Creation of Southern California, 46-47.
38
Samuel Armstrong Nelson, "The Jews of Wall Street," The American Magazine 60 (May-Oct. 1905): 144-51
Hellman, "Banker, Old Style."
39
"25,000,000 Resources Represented in 180 Men," New York Times, Dec. 19,1912.
John William Leonard, ed., Who's Who in Finance and Banking: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries (Brooklyn, NY: Who's Who in Finance, Incorporated, 1922), 641-42.
40
U.S. Senate, Committee on Finance, Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States, hearing, testimony of James Speyer, Jan. 6, 1932 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1932), 643.
41
Forbes, Men Who Are Making America, 366.
42
Los Angeles Times, Oct. 9, i9or.
43
Mulholland, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles, 18-22, 75-78
William L. Kahrl, Water and Power, 10-18
44
"Water Bonds Sold to Big New York Houses," Los Angeles Times, Feb. 4, 1902.
45
"'Uncle Billy' Home Again," Los Angeles Times, Feb. 11, 1902.
46
Willoughby Rodman, History of the Bench and Bar of Southern California (Los Angeles: William J. Porter, 1910), 198-99.
48
The California Promotion Committee, ed., California Addresses by Theodore Roosevelt (San Francisco: The Tomoye Press, 1903), 29-30.
49
"Titanic Project to Give City a River," Los Angeles Times, July 29, 1905.
50
Mulholland, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles, 357^
Los Angeles Board of Public Service Commissioners of the City of Los Angeles, Complete Report on Construc- tion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct (Los Ange- les: The Standard Printing Co., 1916), 267
51
Complete Report, 265.
52
Complete Report, 266
"Magnificent Chorus of Voters Shouts for Owens River Project," Los Angeles Times, Sept. 8,1905.
Carosso, Investment Banking in America, 95-96, 102-6.
53
"Our Water Bonds," Los Angeles Times, Nov. 2,1905.
54
Display Ad n, Wall Street Journal, Nov. 14, 1905.
"Bonds Sold in a Block," Los Angeles Times, July 10,1902
"Big Deal Completed," Los Angeles Times, Nov. 8, 1902
"Redlands," Los Angeles Times, May 15, 1903
"San Pedro City Bonds," Los Angeles Times, Dec. 5, 1904
"Santa Ana," Los Ange- les Times, Feb. 1,1905.
55
Complete Report, 14-15.
56
Ibid., 68-71.
Theodore Roosevelt to Ethan Allen Hitchcock, June 25,1906, in The Letters of Theodore Roosevelt, ed. Elting E. Morison, vol. 5 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952), 315-16.
58
Complete Report, 90-93
"Water Bond Prospects," Los Angeles Times, Jan. 31,1907
Water Works Bond Report 3907, Box B-129
59
Complete Report, 90-93.
60
Water Works Bond Report 1907.
61
Water Works Bond Report igoy
"Control Half Wall Street," Los Angeles Times, July n, 1908.
62
"Bond Department, Harris Trust and Savings Bank," Trade Catalogs of Banking and Investments, 1876-1957," Lawrence B. Romaine Trade Catalog Collection, Univer- sity of California, Santa Barbara.
63
Complete Report, 268
"Bids on Bonds for Aqueduct," Los Angeles Times, June 25, 1910.
64
Water Works Bond Report 1907; "Municipal Crisis," Los Angeles Times, Jan. 12, 1912
Mul- holland, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles, 211.
65
Forbes, Men Who Are Making America, 364
"Receipts and Disbursements," City of Los Angeles Department of Public Works Los Angeles Aqueduct, Jan. 10, 1912, B-1975, Los Angeles City Archives.
66
"Yoakum and James Speyer," Los Angeles Times, July 13, 1913.
67
Water Works Bond Report 1907.
68
"Los Angeles' Great Projects Now Financed," Los Angeles Times, Feb. 11, 1912.
Bureau of Los Angeles Aqueduct Power. "Water, Power, and the Growth of Los Angeles: A 100 Year Perspective," 1986, Box B-129, Los Angeles City Archives.
69
Water Works Bond Report igoj
"All traces of issues bearing Kountze Brothers name have to be removed by fire before Speyer & Co. takes over today millions of Los Angeles Securities." "Burn Bonds in City Furnace," Los Angeles Times, Mar. 30, 1912.
70
Sunkist Grower's Inc., "The History of Sunkist," http://www.sunkist.com/fiash/ timeline.html
"First Winter Oranges Here," New York Times, Nov. 19, 1909
Cornelius Vanderbilt Jr., "Why Los Angeles Gained Tenth Place," New York Times, Nov. 21,1920.
71
Vanderbilt Jr., "Why Los Angeles Gained Tenth Place"
Dinkelspiel, Isaias Hellman and the Creation of California, 161-62.
72
Vanderbilt Jr., "Why Los Angeles Gained Tenth Place"
Los Angeles Almanac, Given Place Publishing Co., "Headline History 1910 to 1929," http://www.laalmanac.com/ history/hioif.htm.
73
Starr, Inventing the Dream, 313.
74
John William Leonard, ed., Who's Who in Engineering: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporaries (New York: Isaac Goldman Company, 1922), 378
"The Aero Club of America," Flying 9 (June 1920).
75
Carosso, Investment Banking in America, 174-92.
76
William Mulholland to Jonas Waldo Smith, June 1,1910, William Mulholland's Office Files, WPo4-22:i7, Historical Records Program, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (hereafter cited as LADWP).
77
Smith to Mulholland, June 9,1910, Wil- liam Mulholland's Office Files, LADWP.
1
Edwin C. Hill, The Historical Register: A Record of People, Places, and Events in American History (New York: Edwin C. Hill, 1922), 223-27
Leonard, Who's Who in Finance and Banking, 406.
2
"The 'New Idea' in Bond Advertising," The Bankers Magazine 75 (July-December 1907): 251-255.
3
John B. Clarke, Sketches of Successful New Hampshire Men (Manchester: John B. Clarke, 1882), 218-19
"Rollins, Boston Financier, Dies," Los Angeles Times, Oct. 9, 1929
"Ex-Gov Rollins of N.H. Dead," Boston Daily Globe, Oct. 28, 1915.
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