Notes

Notes
1
Richard White, "It's Your Misfortune and None of My Own": A History of the American West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991), 57, 58
Karen R. Merrill, "In Search of the 'Federal Presence' in the American West," The Western Historical Quarterly 30 (Winter 1999): 449-73
San Francisco Alta California, November 29, 1860, hereafter cited as Alta
WilHam Henry Ellison, A Self-Governing Dominion: California 1849-1860 (Berkeley: Uni- versity of California Press, 1950)
Joseph Ellison's pioneering California and the Nation, 1850-1869: A Study of the Relations of a Frontier Community with the Federal Government (1927; reprint, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969).
2
Elwood Mead, Report of Irrigation Investigations in California (Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations, 1901), 20.
3
Theodore Grivas, Military Governments in California, 1846-1850 (Glendale, Calif: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1963), 124, 143, 219.
Will Bagley, ed., Scoundrel's Tale: The Samuel Brannan Papers (Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1999), 75-130
Donald C. Biggs, Conquer and Colonize: [Colonel Jonathan D.] Stevenson's [First New York Volunteer] Regiment and California (San Rafael, Calif: Presidio Press, 1977)
Zachary Taylor, Message from the President... 1850, House Ex. Doc. 17, 31st Cong., 1st sess.
Josiah Royce, California from the Conquest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee in San Francisco: A Study of American Character (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1886)
Neal Harlow, California Conquered: War and Peace on the Pacific, 1846-1850 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982).
4
Correspondence [1854—1857] between Secretary of War Jefferson Davis and General John E. Wool, House Ex. Doc. 88, 35th Cong., 1st sess., 1858, 10
Glenn Thomas Edwards, Jr., "The Department of the Pacific in the Civil War Years" (Ph.D. diss., University of Oregon, 1963)
WilHam F. Strobridge, Regulars in the Redwoods: The U.S. Army in Northern California, 1852-1861 (Glendale, Calif: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1994)
Robert M. Utley, Fron- tiersmen in Blue: The United States Army and the Indian, 1848-1865 (1967; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1981)
Utley, Frontier Regulars: The United States Army and the Indian, 1866-1891 (1973; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984).
5
Raphael P. Thian, Notes Illustrating the Military Geography of the United States, 1813- 1880, ed. John M. Carroll (1881; reprint, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979)
Robert W. Frazer, Forts of the West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965)
Robert Bruegmann, Benicia: Portrait of an Early California Town: An Architectural History (San Francisco: 101 Productions, 1997; orig. pub. 1980)
Josephine W. Cowell, History of Benicia Arsenal, January 1851-December 1962 (Berkeley: Howell-North Press, 1963)
George W. Stammerjohan, "Fort Tejon State Historic Park: An Interpretive History," Dogtown Territorial Quarterly (Fall and Winter, 1997; Spring 1998) Nos. 31-33:54-63; 4-25 and 31-37; 16-25 and 61-62
Lisa M. Ben- ton, The Presidio: From Army Post to National Park (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1998)
Erwin N.Thompson and Sally Woodbridge, Presidio of San Francisco: An Outline of Its Evolution as a U.S. Army Post, 1847-1990 (Denver: National Park Service Special History Study, 1992)
Thompson and Woodbridge, Defender of the Gate: The Presidio of San Fran- cisco: A History from 1846 to 1995, 2 vols. (Denver National Park Service, 1997)
John A. Hussey, Fort McDowell, Angel Island (1949; reprint, San Francisco: National Park Service, 1981)
Fran- cis J. Clauss, Angel Island: Jewel of San Francisco Bay (Menlo Park, Calif: Briarcliff Press, 1982)
Erwin N. Thompson, The Rock: A History of Alcatraz Island, 1847-1972 (Denver: Na- tional Park Service, 1979)
Thompson, Seacoast Fortifications San Francisco Harbor (Den- ver: National Park Service, 1979)
Edwin C. Bearss, Fort Point (Denver: National Park Service, 1973)
Aurora Hunt, Major General James Henry Carleton, 1914-1873: Western Frontier Dragoon (Glendale, Calif: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1958)
George R. Stewart, John Phoenix, Esq., the Veritable Squibob: A Life of Captain George H. Derby, USA. (New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1937)
Charles G. Ellington, The Trial of U.S. Grant: The Pacific Coast Years, 1852-1854 (Glendale, Calif: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1987)
Erasmus D. Keyes, Fifty Years' Ob- servations of Men and Events Civil and Military (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1884; par- tially reprinted, 1950)
William T. Sherman, Memoirs, 2 vols. (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1875)
Langdon Sully, No Tears for the General: The Life of Alfred Sully, 1821-1879 (Palo Alto, Calif: American West Publishing Co., 1974)
Ann Swinger, ed., John Xántus: The Fort Tejon Letters, 1857-1859 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1986).
6
Correspondence between Jefferson Davis and John E. Wool, 148, 186, 191
Malcolm Ed- wards, ed., The California Diary of General E. D. Townsend, 1851-1856 (Los Angeles: The Ward Ritchie Press, 1970), 91-96 (quote 95)
Herbert G. Florcken, "The Law and Order View of the San Francisco Vigilance Committee of 1856," California Historical Society Quar- terly, parts 1-4, December 1935 to September 1936, in particular, 14 (December 1935): 356-74
15 (March 1936): 71 (Johnson quote, to state Quartermaster General William C. Kibbe, Sacramento, June 10, 1856), 83-86
15 (September 1936): 254-63.
Arnold S. Lott, A Long Line of Ships: Mare Island's Century of Naval Activity in California (Annapolis, Md.: United States Naval Institute, 1954), 39-44
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 125-35 (quote, 132).
William C. Davis, Jefferson Davis: The Man and His Hour (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1991), 222-54
Durwood Ball, "Filibusters and Regular Troops in San Francisco, 1851-1855," Military History of the West 28 (Fall 1998): 161-83.
7
John S. Wallace, "The Mare Island Navy-Yard," Scribner's Monthly 3 (April 1872): 641-50.
Lott, Long Line of Ships, 7, 10
Sue Lemmon and E. D. Wichels, Sidewheelers to Nuclear Power: A Pictorial Essay Covering 123 Years at the Mare Island Naval Shipyard (An- napolis, Md.: Leeward Publications, 1977)
George H. Read, The Last Cruise of the Saginaw (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1912).
8
Oscar Lewis, George Davidson: Pioneer West Coast Scientist (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954)
Chad Ehlers and Jim Gibbs, Sentinels of Solitude: West Coast Light- houses (Portland, Ore.: Graphic Arts Center Publishing Company, 1981)
Herman R. Friis, Director for the Center for Polar Archives at the National Archives, "A Brief Review of... U.S. Geographical Exploration ... of the North Pacific Ocean ... Prior to 1914," Proceedings of an Archival Symposium . . . May 21, 1971 [on Alaskan Records] (San Francisco: National Archives, n.d.), 1-106.
9
Charles T. Blake, Michigan City, November 1, 1856, to his brother, typescript, Wells Fargo Bank, San Francisco.
Ferol Egan, [John Charles] Frémont: Explorer for a Restless Nation (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1985)
John Charles Fremont, Geographical Memoir upon Upper California in Illustration of His [1848] Map of Oregon and California, Senate Misc. Rep. 148, 30th Cong., 1st sess. (1848; reprinted 1964)
W. Turrentine Jackson, Wagon Roads West: A Study of Federal Road Surveys and Construction in the Trans-Mississippi West, 1846—1869 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979), 161-217 (quote, 177)
Albert H. CampbeU, General Su- perintendent, A Report upon the several wagon roads constructed under the direction of the Interior Department, House Exec. Doc. 108, 35th Cong., 2d sess. (1859)
Thomas Frederick Howard, Sierra Crossing: First Roads to California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).
10
LeRoy R. Hafen, The Overland Mail, 1849-1969 (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1926; reprint 1976)
Roscoe P. Conlding and Margaret B. ConkHng, The But- terfield Overland Mail, 1837-1869, 3 vols. (Glendale, CaHf: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1947).
11
Robert J. Chandler, "The California News-Telegraph Monopoly, 1860-1870," South- ern California Quarterly 57 (Winter 1976): 459-84.
12
Alta, December 1, 1860
Evening Bulletin (San Francisco), July 30, 1860
Reports of the Explorations and Surveys to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, 13 vols. (Washington, D.C: U.S. House of Representatives, 1855)
David A. White, ed., News of the Plains and Rockies, 1803-1865, vol. 6, Gold Seekers, California, 1849-1859, and Railroad Forerunners, 1830-1865 (Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1999)
Ward McAfee, California's Railroad Era, 1830-1911 (San Marino, CaHf: Golden West Books, 1973)
George Kraus, High Road to Promontory (Palo Alto, Calif: American West PubHshing Company, 1969)
Mead B. Kibbey, The Railroad Photographs of Alfred A. Hart, Artist (Sacramento: The California State Library Foundation, 1996).
13
Clear Creek, January 29, 1850, letter fragment in Robert J. Chandler collection.
Sherburne F. Cook, The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976).
David Henige, in his book Numbers from Nowhere: The American Indian Contact Population Debate (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998)
Robert J. Chandler, "The Failure of Reform: White Attitudes and Indian Response in California during the Civil War Era," Pacific His- torian 24 (September 1980): 284-94
James J. Rawls, Indians of California: The Changing Im- age (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1984)
C H. [Joaquin] Miller, Life amongst the Modocs: Unwritten History (1873; reprint, Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1996).
14
Townsend, Diary, 67
Chief Pasqual quoted in newspaper of July 18, 1852, 146
San Francisco Pacific Appeal, April 26, 1873.
Albert L. Hurtado, Indian Survival on the Cali- fornia Frontier (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988)
George Harwood Phillips, Indians and Indian Agents: The Origins of the Reservation System in California (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997)
Michele Shover, "John Bidwell and the Rancho Chico Indian Treaty of 1852: Seduction, Betrayal, and Redemption," Dogtown Territorial Quarterly, no. 42 (Summer 2000): 4-24, 32-39
Lynwood Carranco and Esde Beard, Genocide and Vendetta: The Round Valley Wars of Northern California (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1981)
Todd Benson, "The Consequences of Reservation Life: Native Californians on the Round Valley Reservation, 1871-1884," Pacific Historical Review 60 (May 1991): 221-44
Gerald Thompson, Edward F. Beale and the American West (Albuquerque: University of New Mex- ico Press, 1983)
J. Ross Browne and James Y. McDuffie, The Management of the Indians and Their Reservations in California, Ex. Doc. 46, 36th Cong., 1st sess. (1860)
David Michael Goodman, A Western Panorama 1849-1875: The Travels, Writings, and Influence of J. Ross Browne (Glendale, Calif: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1966)
Michael A. Sievers, "Funding the California Indians Superintendency: A Case Study of Congressional Appropriations," South- ern California Quarterly 59 (Spring 1977): 49-73
Robert J. Chandler, "José Chico: Bearing a Bi-Cultural Burden," Dogtown Territorial Quarterly, no. 32 (Winter 1997): 54-63
Helen Hunt Jackson, Ramona (1884)
Antoinette May, The Annotated Ramona (San Car- los, Calif: Wide World Publishers, 1989).
15
Phillips, Indians and Indian Agents, 186
Royal T. Sprague, Report of the Committee on Indian Affairs on the Claims of [Captain B.] Wright and [Charles] McDermitt's Command (Sacramento: George Kerr, State Printer, 1853), Doc. 33 of the Appendix of the Senate Jour- nal, p. 3
Michele Shover, "John Bidwell: Reluctant Indian Fighter, 1852-1856," Dogtown Territorial Quarterly (Winter 1998): 32-56
Shover, "The Politics of the 1859 Bidwell-Kibbe Campaign: Northern California Indian-Settler Conflicts of the 1850s," Dogtown Territorial Quarterly (Summer 1999): 4-39
Reports from the Senate Finance Committee, on Senate Bill No. 206 [Concerning Indian War Bonds, 1851-1853] (Sacramento: Benjamin P. Avery, State Printer, 1862)
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 54-78
Majority and Minority Reports of the Special Joint Committee on the Mendocino War, Rept. 11 in the Appendix to Journals of Assem- bly, of the Eleventh Session of the Legislature of the State of California (Sacramento: State Printer, 1860)
Robert A. Anderson, Fighting the Mill Creeks (Chico, Calif: The Chico Record Press, 1909)
Sim Moak, The Last of the Mill Creeks and Early Life in Northern Cali- fornia (Chico: n.p., 1923)
Theodora Kroeber, Ishi in Two Worlds (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965).
16
Pacific Appeal, September 27, 1873.
Carl P. Schlicke, General George Wright: Guard- ian of the Pacific Coast (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988)
Leo P. Kibby, Cali- fornia, the Civil War, and the Indian Problem (reprinted from April and July 1965 issues of the Journal of the West, 1967)
Edwards, "Department of the Pacific"
Keith A. Murray, The Mod- ocs and Their War (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1959)
Arthur Quinn, Hell with the Fire Out: A History of the Modoc War (Winchester, Mass.: Faber and Faber, 1997).
17
Rodman W. Paul, California Gold (1947; reprint, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1965)
Charles Howard Shinn, Land Laws of Mining Districts (Baltimore: Johns Hop- kins University, December 1884)
Shinn, Mining Camps: A Study in American Frontier Government (1885; reprint, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1948)
John S. Hittell, Mining in the Pacific States of North America (San Francisco: H. H. Bancroft and Co., 1861)
Gregory Yale, Legal Titles to Mining Claims and Water Rights in California, under the Mining Law of Con- gress, of July, 1866 (San Francisco: A. Roman 8c Co., 1867)
John F. Davis, "The History of the Mining Laws of California," in History of the Bench and Bar of California, ed. Oscar T. Shuck (Los Angeles: The Commercial Printing House, 1901), 278-331
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 54-78
Ray August,"Gringos v. Mineros: The Hispanic Origins of Western American Mining Law," Western Legal History 9 (Summer-Fall 1996): 147-75
Donald J. Pisani, "The Origins of Western Water Law: Case Studies from Two California Mining Dis- tricts," California History 70 (Fall 1991): 242-57, 325
Pisani, "'I am resolved not to in- terfere, but permit all to work freely': The Gold Rush and American Resource Law," Cali- fornia History 77 (Winter 1998-99): 123-48.
18
Hittell, Mining, 212
Davis, "Mining Laws," 304
Bulletin, December 30, 1862
John S. Hittell, "The Necessity of Selling the Mineral Lands of California," Hesperian 3 (January i860): 492-502
New York Tribune, March 17, 1858.
19
Usher correspondence in microfilmed Robert Todd Lincoln Papers, 23343-4, 2357-8
Richard C. Drum, July 8, 1863, telegram to Colonel Henry M. Black, in The War of the Re- bellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, vol. 50 (Washington, D.C: 1880-1901), pt. 2, 514
Frederick F. Low to Secretary of Treasury Salmon P. Chase, Robert Todd Lincoln Papers, 24721
Ira P. Rankin, July 11, 1863, to President Lin- coln, Robert Todd Lincoln Papers, 24757-8
John G. Downey's address is in Marysville Ex- press, July 25, 1863
President Abraham Lincoln, August 22, 1863, to General Daniel E Sick- les, in Roy P. Basler, ed., The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln, vol. 6 (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1953), 402.
Samuel C Wiel, Lincoln's Crisis in the Far West (San Francisco: n.p., 1949)
Kenneth M.Johnson, The New Almaden Quicksilver Mine (Georgetown, Calif: The Talisman Press, 1963)
Milton H. Shutes, "Abraham Lincoln and the New Almaden Mine," California Historical Society Quarterly 15 (March 1936): 3-20
Jimmie Schneider, Quicksilver (San Jose: Zella Schneider, 1992).
20
Interior Department memo quoted in Castine [Noah Brooks], Washington, March 14, 1864, in Sacramento Union, April 12, 1864
Sacramento Union, September 3, 1864
Gary D. Libecap, "Government Support of Private Claims to PubHc Minerals: Western Mineral Rights," Business History Review 53 (Autumn 1979): 364-85.
J. Ross Browne and James W. Taylor, Reports upon the Mineral Resources of the United States (Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office, 1867)
J. Ross Browne, Mineral Resources of the States and Ter- ritories West of the Rocky Mountains, 1868 (San Francisco: H. H. Bancroft and Co., 1869)
Rossiter W. Raymond, Mining Statistics West of the Rocky Mountains, 8 vols. (Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office, 1869-1877).
21
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 25-53
Richard H. Peterson, "The Failure to Reclaim: California State Swamp Land Policy and the Sacramento Valley, 1850-1860," Southern California Quarterly 56 (Spring 1974): 45-60
John Swett, Thirteenth Annual Report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction.. .for the Year 1863 (Sacramento: O. M. Clayes, State Printer, 1863), 8
Swett, History of the Public School System of California (San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft and Co., 1876), 19-37, and passim.
22
White, "Its Your Misfortune," 137-54
Visalia Delta, April 23, 1863
Richard J. Orsi, "The Octopus Reconsidered: The Southern Pacific and Agricultural Modernization in Cali- fornia, 1865-1915," California Historical Quarterly 54 (Fall 1975): 197-220.
23
Sacramento Union, October 1,1858
Marysville Appeal, May 21, 1863.
24
General Land Office, May 10, 1867, to Register and Receiver, Carson City, "Case of Frances Straskel vs. Benjamin Sears, Administrator of Richard J. Gilman, deceased," fair copy in Robert J. Chandler collection.
25
Henry W. Halleck, Report on the Laws and Regulations Relative to Grants and Sales of Public Lands in California, March 1, 1849, House Ex. Doc. 17, 31st Cong., 1st sess. (1850), 119-22
WilHam Carey Jones, Report on the Subject of Land Titles in California, Senate Ex. Doc. 18, 31st Cong., 1st sess. (March 9, 1850), 34 (emphasis in the original)
W. W. Robinson, Land in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1948)
Robert H. Becker, Dis- enos of California Ranchos: Maps of Thirty-Seven Land Grants (1822-1846) from the Records of the U.S. District Court, San Francisco (San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1964)
Becker, Designs on the Land: Disenos of California Ranchos and Their Makers (San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1969)
Crisostomo N. Perez, Land Grants in Alta California: A Compilation of Spanish and Mexican Private Land Claims in the State of California (Rancho Cordova, Calif: Landmark Enterprises, 1996)
Robert Glass Cleland, The Cattle on a Thou- sand Hills: Southern California, 1830-1870, rev. ed. (San Marino, Calif: The Huntington Li- brary, 1951)
Lawrence James Jelinek, "Troperty of Every Kind': Ranching and Farming during the Gold-Rush Era," California History 77 (Winter 1998-99): 233-49.
26
Speech of Mr. Gwin, of California, on Land Claims in California, Delivered in the Sen- ate of the United States, August 2, 1852 (Washington, D.C: Congressional Globe Office, 1852), 6-7.
27
John S. Hittell, "Mexican Land-Claims in California," Hutchings' California Magazine 2 (April 1858): 442-48 (quotes, 446-47)
Charles A. Barker, ed., Memoirs of Elisha Oscar Crosby (San Marino, Calif: The Huntington Library, 1945), 115
Barker, "Elisha Oscar Cros- by: A California Lawyer in the Eighteen-Fifties," California Historical Society Quarterly 27 (June 1948): 133-40
Donald E. Rowland, John Rowland, and William Workman: Southern California Pioneers of 1841 (Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1999), 121
Leonard Pitt, The Decline of the Californios: A Social History of the Span- ish-Speaking Californians, 1846-1890 (Berkeley: University of California Press 1998), 83-119
Beverly E. Bastian,"'I Heartily Regret that I ever Touched a Tide in California': Henry W. Halleck, the Californios, and the Clash of Legal Cultures," California History 72 (Winter 1993-94): 310-23, 387-88, expands on Pitt
Paul Bryan Gray, Forster vs. Pico: The Strug- gle for the Rancho Santa Margarita (Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1998).
28
Barker, Memoirs of Elisha Crosby, 70
Paul W. Gates, "California's Embattled Set- tlers," California Historical Society Quarterly 51 (June 1962): 99-130
Gates, "Pre-Henry George Land Warfare in California," California Historical Society Quarterly 46 (June 1967): 121-48
Gates, "The California Land Act of 1851," California Historical Quarterly 50 (De- cember 1971): 395-430
Gates, "Carpetbaggers Join the Rush for California Land," Cali- fornia Historical Quarterly 56 (Summer 1977): 98-127
Land and Law in California: Essays on Land Policies (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1991)
Joseph M. Petulla, "Paul Wallace Gates: Historian of Public Land Policy," California Historical Quarterly 56 (Summer 1977): 170-74
Paul W. Gates, ed. and comp., California Ranchos and Farms, 1846-1862 [de- scriptions from the San Francisco California Farmer] (Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1967)
Donald J. Pisani, "Squatter Law in California, 1850-1858," Western His- torical Quarterly 25 (Autumn 1994): 277-310.
29
Fremont v. U.S., 58 U.S. (17 Howard) 442 (1854), 558
Hoffman is quoted in Gates, "Embattled Setders," 126
Christian G. Fritz, Federal Justice in California: The Court of Ogden Hoffman, 1851-1891 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991), 134-79.
Ogden Hoffman, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the North- ern District of California, June Term 1853 to June Term 1858 (San Francisco: Numa Hubert, 1862, and reprinted 1975)
Lewis Grossman, "John C. Fremont, Mariposa, and the Collision of Mexican and American Law," Western Legal History 6 (Winter-Spring 1993): 16-50
Arthur R. Abel, Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States District Court Northern Dis- trict of California, San Francisco, 1851-1950 (National Archives, San Francisco Region, 1964)
George Cosgrave, Early California Justice: The History of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, 1849-1944 (San Francisco: The Grabhorn Press, 1948)
Ninth District Court's historical journal, The Historical Reporter, 1981
30
Expenditures on Account of Private Land Claims in California, House Ex. Doc. 84, 36th Cong., 1st sess. (1860), 30-31
John Norton Pomeroy, Some Account of the Work of Stephen J. Field (San Francisco: n.p., 1881; reprinted, 1895; 1986)
Carl Brent Swisher, Stephen J Field: Craftsman of the Law (Washington, D.C: The Brookings Institution, 1930)
Paul Kens, Jus- tice Stephen Field: Shaping Liberty from the Gold Rush to the Gilded Age (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1997)
Henry George, Our Land and Land Policy: What It Is, and What It Should Be, July 27, 1871 (n.p.: W. E. Loomis, 1871)
John S. Hittell, All about California and the Inducements to Settle There (San Francisco: The California Immigrant Union, 1870)
Gordon Morris Bakken, "Mexican and American Land PoHcy: A Conflict of Cultures," Southern California Quarterly 75 (Fall-Winter 1993): 237-62
KD Kurutz and Gary F. Kurutz, California Calls You: The Art of Promoting the Golden State, 1870 to 1940 (SausaHto, CaHf: Windgate Press, 2000).
31
William Penn Moody, "The Civil War and Reconstruction in California Politics" (Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1950)
Register of Officers and Agents, Civil, Military, and Naval, in the Service of the United States, as of September... (Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office, odd-numbered years)
The State Register and Year Book of Facts: For the Year 1837 (San Francisco: Henry G. Langley, Samuel A. Mathews, and James Queen, 1857), 46-51
Norman E. Tutorow, "A Tale of Two Hospitals: U.S. Marine Hospital no. 19, and the U.S. Public Health Service Hospital on the Presidio of San Francisco," Cali- fornia History 75 (Summer 1996): 154-69, 184-87.
32
Leonard Noyes, San Francisco, December 7, 1860, to Richard J. Jaques, Robert J. Chandler collection
Moody, "The Civil War and Reconstruction in California Poli- tics," 263-71.
33
Gwin quotation, Sacramento, January 11, 1857, in James O'Meara, Broderick and Gwin (San Francisco: Bacon & Company, 1881), 212
San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1859.
34
Thomas Brown, October 28, 1862, to Salmon P. Chase
Chase mss., Library of Con- gress; Sacramento Union, January 28, February 4, 1863.
35
U.S. Customs and Kindred Services, San Francisco, 1913 (U.S. Customs Service, Histor- ical Study no. 7, March 1988)
Arthur R. Abel, Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Dis- trict Director of Customs San Francis District and of the Deputy Collectors for the Ports of Eureka and Monterey (National Archives, San Francisco Region, 1969)
U.S. Customs House, Led- ger, 1854-1855, Huntington Library Manuscript 35253, pictured in Peter Blodgett, Land of Golden Dreams: California in the Gold Rush Decade, 1848-1838 (San Marino, Calif: The Hun- tington Library, 1999), 119.
Katherine Coman, Economic Beginnings of the Far West (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1925)
Thomas Senior Berry, Early California Gold, Prices, Trade (Richmond, Calif: The Bostwick Press, 1984).
36
Report of the Joint Select Committee on Retrenchment, Senate Rept. 47, 41st Cong., 2d sess. (1870), 58-59, 79, 103-107.
37
Retrenchment, 113, 151
The IsraeHtes of San Francisco, Dr. John T. McLean and the Is- raelites: Unfounded and Gross Slander (San Francisco: n.p., 1870)
reprinted in Robert J. Chan- dler, "That Lurking Prejudice, 1869-1870," Western States Jewish History 27 (July 1995): 205-13
Samuel Purdy, Report on Internal Revenue—California, 41st Cong., 1st sess. House Ex. Doc. 6. (1869), 11
Richard H. Dillon, "J. Ross Browne and the Corruptible West? Amer- ican West 2 (Spring 1965): 37-45.
38
Edgar H. Adams, Private Gold Coinage of California, 1849-1833: Its History and Its Is- sues (New York: Edgar H. Adams, 1913), vi-ix.
39
Donald H. Kagin, Private Gold Coins and Patterns of the United States (New York: Arco Publishing, 1981)
Walter Breen and Ronald J. Gillio, California Pioneer Fractional Gold (Santa Barbara, Calif: Pacific Coast Auction Galleries, 1983)
Robert J. Chandler, San Francisco Clearing House Certificates: Last of Californias Private Money (Reno: McDonald Publishing, 1986).
40
Brian McGinty, Haraszthy at the Mint (Los Angeles: Dawson's Book Shop, 1975)
Brian McGinty, Strong Wine: The Life and Legend of Agoston Haraszthy (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998)
Laws of the United States Relating to the Coinage (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1897, and reprinted)
Thomas W. Wadlow et al., Pre- liminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Mint Redesignated in 1962, United States Assay Office San Francisco (National Archives, San Francisco Region, [ca. 1968])
"Coining Money at the San Francisco Branch Mint," Hutchings' California Magazine 1 (October 1856): 145-53
reprinted in Roger R. Olmsted, ed., Scenes of Wonder & Curiosity (Berke- ley: Howell-North Press, 1962), 61-69
Ira B. Cross, Financing an Empire: History of Bank- ing in California, 4 vols. (Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1927)
Q. David Bowers, The History of United States Coinage as Illustrated by the Garrett Collection (Los Angeles: Bowers & Ruddy Galleries, 1979)
Q. David Bowers, The Treasure Ship S.S. Brother Jonathan: Her Life and Loss, 1850-1865 (Wolfeboro, N.Y.: Bowers and Merena Galleries, 1999)
Bowers and Merena Galleries, "The S.S. Brother Jonathan Treasure Coins," Sale, Los Angeles, May 29, 1999
William A. Bullough, "Eadweard Muybridge and the Old San Francisco Mint: Archival Photographs as Historical Documents," California History 68 (Spring-Summer 1989): 2-13, 59-60.
42
Report of the Committee Appointed by the Chamber of Commerce of San Francisco, To Re- port on the Condition of Our Postal Affairs and to Consider the Feasibility of Improvements and Reforms, San Francisco, September [16], 1864 (San Francisco: Waters Brothers & Co., 1864), 8
Wesley Clair Mitchell, A History of the Greenbacks (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1903)
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 208-30
"The Currency Question on the Pacific Coast during the Civil War," Mississippi Valley Historical Review 16 (June 1929): 50-66
Gordon Bakken, "Law and Legal Tender in California and the West," South- ern California Quarterly 62 (Fall 1980): 239-59
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52
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54
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55
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56
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57
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58
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59
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60
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61
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62
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63
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64
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65
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68
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69
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McCallv. McDowell, Judge's Note of Evidence.
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