Notes

Notes
1
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California, vols. 6 and 7 (San Francisco: The History Company, 1890)
Theo- dore H. HitteU, History of California, vol. 4 (San Francisco: N.J. Stone and Co., 1898).
WiUiam Henry EUison, A Self-Governing Dominion: California, 1849-1860 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1950)
H. Brett Melendy and Benjamin F. Gilbert, The Governors of California: Peter H Burnett to Edmund G. Brown (Georgetown, Calif: The Talisman Press, 1965)
David Alan John- son, Founding the Far West: California, Oregon, and Nevada, 1840-1890 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
Mary Jo Ignoffo, Gold Rush Politics: Californias First Legislature (Sacramento: California State Senate, and Cupertino: California History Center and Foundation, De Anza College, 1999)
2
Bancroft, History, vol. 6, 308
Alta California, December 23,1849
Herbert C.Jones, The First Legislature of California (Sacramento: California Assembly, 1949), 11-12
Ellison, Do- minion, 56
Journal of the Senate, Ist Session (San Jose: J. Winchester, State Printer, 1850), 23-24.
3
Ellison, Dominion, 59-60
Carl Brent Swisher, Motivation and Political Technique in the California Constitutional Convention, 1878-79 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1969), 93
Melendy and Gilbert, Governors, 120.
4
Elsey Hurt, California State Government: An Outline of Its Administrative Organization, 1850 to 1939, vol. 1 (Sacramento: Supervisor of Documents, 1936), 36-39, 69, 75, 77, 78, 180-82
Hurt, California State Government: An Outline of Its Administrative Organization, 1850 to 1939, vol. 2 (Sacramento: Supervisor of Documents, 1939), 5,7,9-10,12,17,21,23
Melendy and GUbert, Governors, 120
C. F. Curry, ed., California Blue Book or State Roster (Sacramento: State Printer, 1907), 635-38.
5
EUison, Dominion, chapter 7
Judson Grenier, Golden Odyssey: John Stroud Houston, Californias First Controller (Spokane: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1999), chapter 5
E. W. McKinstry, "Report from the Select Committee Appointed to Examine into the Na- ture of Certain Claims of the State of California," San Jose, March 13,1850,7-12.
6
Ellison, Dominion, 66-68
Jones, Legislature, 12-13.
7
Curry, Blue Book, 537-38
Jones, Legislature, 9-12,14
Journal of the Assembly, Ist Session (San Jose: J. Winchester, State Printer, 1850), 624, 632-38.
8
Curry, Blue Book, 534-628
Melendy and GUbert, Governors, 42-44
Dictionary of Amer- ican Biography, s.v. "Field, Stephen Johnson."
10
WilHam Kelly, An Excursion to California (London: Chapman and Hall, 1851), 308- 309
Mary Joan Elliott, ed., "The 1851 California Journal of M.V.B. Fowler," Southern Cali- fornia Quarterly 50 (September 1968): 229-33
Bancroft, History, vol. 6, 311
Robert H. Becker, ed., Some Reflections of an Early California Governor Contained in a Short Memoir by Freder- ick F. Low. . . and Notes from an Interview between Governor Low and Hubert Howe Bancroft in 1883 (Sacramento: Book Collectors Club, 1959), 47
Josiah Royce, California from the Con- quest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee (1886; reprint, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1948), 242.
11
Winfield J. Davis, History of Political Conventions in California, 1849-1892 (Sacra- mento: California State Library, 1893), 27, 308, 329-32
Becker, Reflections, 46-47
12
Curry, Blue Book, 640-41.
13
Royce Delmatier et al., The Rumble of California Politics (New York: John WUey & Sons, 1970), 13
Peter Burnett, Recollections of an Old Pioneer (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1880), 1-5
Melendy and GUbert, Governors, 29-35
Elisha Crosby, Memoirs: Remembrances of California and Guatemala from 1849 to 1864 (San Marino, Calif: The Huntington Library, 1945), 46-47
Oscar T. Shuck, Bench and Bar in California (San Francisco: The Occident Printing House, 1888), 88-89
Becker, Reflections, 29.
14
Journal of the Legislature, 2nd Session (San Jose: Eugene Casserly, State Printer, 1851), 47, 842-43
Barbara Pickett, "The Life of John McDougal, the Second Governor of Cali- fornia" (seminar paper, March 14,1939, in the California State Library), 3-7
Melendy and Gilbert, Governors, 42-47
Becker, Reflections, 29.
15
Melendy and Gilbert, Governors, 52-64
Becker, Reflections, 29-30
Bancroft, History, vol. 6, 638-42.
16
Melendy and Gilbert, Governors, 70-72
Bancroft, History, vol. 6, 710.
Hittell, History, vol. 4, 199-200
Peyton Hurt, "The Rise and FaU of the 'Know-Nothings' in CaHfornia," Quarterly of the California Historical Society 9 (June 1930): 111.
17
Melendy and Gilbert, Governors, 86-87, 95, 103-105
Bancroft, History, vol. 7, 279
Charles Russell Quinn, History of Downey: The Life Story of a Pioneer Community and of the Man Who Founded It—California Governor John Gately Downey (Downey, Calif: Elena Quinn, 1973), 33, 41.
18
Melendy and GUbert, Governors, 109, 121-25, 134-35
Norman E. Tutorow, Leland Stanford: Man of Many Careers (Menlo Park, Calif.: Pacific Coast Publishers, 1971), 52-56
Spencer C. Olin, California Politics, 1846-1920 (San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser Publishing Company, 1981), 30
WUHam Issei and Robert W. Cherny, San Francisco, 1865-1932: Politics, Power, and Urban Development (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986), 120
Becker, Reflections, 12.
19
Curry, Blue Book, 640
Olin, Politics, 31
Issel and Cherny, San Francisco, 207
John W. Dwinelle, "Address to the Supreme Court of California," printed in "Address Delivered by Rev. Rodney L. Tabor at the Funeral of Henry Hundey Haight, Sept. 4, 1878" (San Francisco: Francis and Valentine, 1878), 18.
20
J. N. Bowman, "Preservation of the State Archives," California Historical Society Quar- terly 28 (1949): 143-49.
21
State Librarian, compiler, Descriptive List of the Libraries of California (Sacramento: Board of Trustees of the State Library, 1904), 7, 12
Journal of the Legislature, 1st Session, 56, 96-97
Hugh S. Baker, "Public Libraries in California," California Historical Society Quarterly 38 (December 1959)
Hurt, Government, vol. 1,42.
22
Hurt, Government, vol. 1, 36-39, 43
John Swett, Public Education in California (New York: American Book Company, 1911), 154, 170
Roy W. Cloud, Education in California (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1952), 24, 38, 40-42.
23
Hittell, History, vol. 4, 162-64
Hurt, Government, vol. 1, 43, 107-109, 113
"State Asy- lum for the Insane," Hutchings' California Magazine 9 (September 1859)
R. R. Olmsted, ed., Scenes of Wonder and Curiosity from Hutchings' California Magazine, 1856-1861 (Berkeley: Howell-North, 1962), 369-71.
24
Hurt, Government, vol. 2, 95-104
Gerald Nash, State Government and Economic De- velopment (1964; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1979), 114-16, 215.
25
Nash, Development, 208
Hurt, Government, vol. 2, 34-35.
26
Hurt, Government, vol. 1: 77-78, 199
vol. 2: 77, 151-52
Curry, Blue Book, 692-95
Nash, Development, 68-69.
27
Nash, Development, 161-62, 179-80, 182-83, 189-90
Curry, Blue Book, 639
Hurt, Government, vol. 1:121, 123, 216
vol. 2: 117.
28
Nash, Development, 98-103.
29
Nash, Development, 351-57
Johnson, Founding, 237-39
James Bryce, The American Commonwealth, 3d ed., vol. 2 (New York: MacmiUan, 1897), 373-74.
Joan M. Jensen and Gloria Ricci Lothrop, California Women: A History (San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser Publishing Co., 1987), 23, 44
Cloud, Education, 61.
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