Notes

Notes
1
J. S. Holliday, Rush for Riches (Berkeley: Oakland Museum of California and Univer- sity of California Press, 1999), 201
Andrew F. Rolle, California: A History (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1969), 330.
2
Edward Staniford, The Pattern of California History (San Francisco: Canfield Press, 1975), 161
Judson A. Grenier, Golden Odyssey: John Stroud Houston, California's First Controller and the Origins of State Government (Los Angeles: Historical Society of Southern Cali- fornia, 1999), 14.
3
William E. Leuchtenburg, "The Pertinence of Political History: Reflections on the Significance of the State in America," Journal of American History 73 (December 1986): 588-89.
Woodrow James Hansen, The Search for Authority in California (Oakland: Biobooks, 1960).
Cardinal Goodwin, The Establishment of State Government in California, 1846- 1850 (New York, 1914)
Joseph Ellison, California and the Nation, 1850-1960 (Berkeley: Uni- versity of California Press, 1927)
James A. B. Scherer, Thirty-First Star (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1942)
William Henry Ellison, A Self-Governing Dominion: California, 1849- 1860 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1950)
Theodore Grivas, Military Gov- ernments in California, 1846-1850 (Glendale, Calif.: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1963).
Grenier, Golden Odyssey
David Alan Johnson, Founding the Far West: California, Oregon, and Nevada, 1840- 1890 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992)
Shelley Bookspan, A Germ of Goodness: The California State Prison System, 1851-1944 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1991)
4
J. Ross Browne, Report of the Debates in the Convention of California, on the Formation of the State Constitution, in September and October, 1849 (Washington, D.C.: J. T. Towers, 1850), 3.
5
Frank Marryat, Mountains and Molehills (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1855), 203-205.
6
David Lavender, California: Land of New Beginnings (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1972), 199.
7
Johnson, Founding the Far West, 27-28.
8
Martin Ridge, "Disorder, Crime, and Punishment in the California Gold Rush," Mon- tana: The Magazine of Western History 49 (Autumn 1999): 27.
9
Johnson, Founding the Far West, 27.
10
Staniford, Pattern of California History, 155.
11
Edward H. Howes, "The World's Gateway to the Gold, 1848-1860s," in Sacramento: Gold Rush Legacy, Metropolitan Destiny, ed. John F. Burns (Carlsbad, Calif.: Heritage Media, 1999), 30.
12
Browne, Debates, 3.
13
Ibid., 18.
14
Ibid., 258-59.
15
Ibid., 137-200
16
William J. Palmer and Paul P. Selvin, The Development of Law in California (St. Paul, Minn.: West Publishing Co., 1983), 24.
17
Charles P. Sohner and Mona Field, California Government and Practices Today (New York: HarperCollins, 1993), 13.
18
Bernard L. Hyink, Seyom Brown, and Ernest W. Thacker, Politics and Government in California (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1967), 21.
19
John W. Caughey, California: A Remarkable States Life History (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1970), 216
Ellison, A Self-Governing Dominion, 77
Grenier, Golden Odyssey.
20
Neal R. Peirce, The Pacific States of America (New York: W.W. Norton, 1972), 26.
21
Gerald D. Nash, State Government and Economic Development: A History of Adminis- trative Policies in California, 1849-1933 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964), 26.
22
Kevin Starr, Americans and the California Dream, 1850-1915 (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973), 132.
23
Robert T. Monagan, The Disappearance of Representative Government (Grass Valley, Calif.: Comstock Bonanza Press, 1990).
24
Carl Brent Swisher, Motivation and Political Technique in the California Constitutional Convention, 1878-79 (New York: Da Capo Press, 1969).
Andrew F. Rolle and John S. Gaines, The Golden State: A History of California (Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, 1979), 150
Richard B. Rice, William A. Bullough, and Richard J. Orsi, The Elusive Eden: A New History of California (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988), 280
Johnson, Founding the Far West, 255.
25
Browne, Debates, 18.
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