Notes

Notes
1
A. L. Kroeber, Handbook of the Indians of California (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethology, 1925)
Handbook of North American Indians: Volume 8, California, ed. Robert F. Heizer, (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1978)
Robert F. Heizer and Albert Elsasser, The Natural World of the California Indians (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980)
Michael J. Moratto ("The California Culture Area")
Richard A. Gould ("The Indians of Northwest California")
Clinton M. Blount and Dorothea J. Theodoratus ("Central California Indians")
Lowell John Bean ("Indians of Southern Cal- ifornia")
Robert L. Bettinger ("Native Life in Desert California: The Great Basin and Its Aboriginal Inhabitants") in Masterkey 59 special edition, People of California, nos. 2 and 3 (Summer/Fall 1985): 4-11, 12-21, 22-31, 32-41, 42-50
Lowell J. Bean, "Indians of Califor- nia: Diverse and Complex Peoples," California History LXXI (Fall 1992): 302-23
Lowell J. Bean and Sylvia Brakke Vane, "The California Culture Area," in Daniel L. Boxberger, ed., Native Americans: An Ethnohistorical Approach (Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Com- pany, 1990), 265-300.
R. F. Heizer and M. A. Whipple, eds., The California Indians: A Source Book (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2nd ed., 1971)
Lowell John Bean and Thomas C. Blackburn, eds., Native Californians: A Theoretical Retrospective (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1976).
2
Hubert Howe Bancroft, The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume 1: The Native Races; Volume 1, Wild Tribes (San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft & Company, 1883), 325.
3
Alfred L. Kroeber, "The Nature of Land-Holding Groups in Aboriginal California," in Robert F. Heizer, ed., Aboriginal California: Three Studies in Culture History (Berkeley: Uni- versity of California Press, 1963), 120.
4
Kent G. Lightfoot, "Long-Term Development in Complex Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Recent Perspectives from the Pacific Coast of North America," Journal of Archaeological Re- search I (1993): 185.
5
Jeanne E. Arnold, "Complex Hunter-Gatherer-Fishers of Prehistoric California: Chiefs, Specialists, and Maritime Adaptations of the Channel Islands," American Antiquity 57 (1992): 60-84
"Organizational Transformations: Power and Labor among Complex Hunter-Gatherers and Other Intermediate Societies," in Emergent Complexity: The Evolution of Intermediate Societies, ed. Jeanne E. Arnold (International Monographs in Prehistory Archaeological Series 9, 1996), 59-73
J. M. Beaton, "Extensification and Intensification in Central California Pre- history," Antiquity 65 (1991): 946-52
Madonna L. Moss and Jon M. Erlandson, "Reflections on North American Pacific Coast Prehistory," Journal of World Prehistory 9 (1995): 1-45.
Before the Wilderness: Environ- mental Management by Native Californians, ed. Thomas C. Blackburn and M. Kat Anderson (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1993).
Lowell John Bean, ed., California Indian Shamanism (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1992)
Decembers Child: A Book of Chumash Oral Narratives, Collected by J. P.Harrington, ed. Thomas C. Blackburn (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975)
Michael Kearney, World View (Novato: Chandler & Sharp Publishers, 1984), 147-69
William Shipley, The Maidu In- dian Myths and Stories of Hanc'ibyjim (Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1991).
Albert L. Hurtado, Indian Survival on the Cal- ifornia Frontier (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988)
Victoria Brady, Sarah Crome, and Lyn Reese, "Resist! Survival Tactics of Indian Women," California History LXIII (Spring 1984): 140-51
Victoria D. Patterson, "Evolving Gender Roles in Porno Society," in Women and Power in Native North America, ed. Laura F. Klein and Lillian A. Ackerman (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995), 126-45.
Phillip L. Walker and Travis Hudson, Chumash Healing: Changing Health and Med- ical Practices in an American Indian Society (Banning: Malki Museum Press, 1993)
Phillip L. Walker and John R. Johnson, "Effects of Contact on the Chumash Indians," in Disease and Demography in the Americas, ed. John W. Verano and Douglas H. Ubelaker (Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992), 127-39
Jon M. Erlandson and Kevin Bartoy, "Cabrillo, the Chumash, and Old World Diseases," Journal of California and Great Basin An- thropology 17 (1995): 153-73.
Douglas Monroy, Thrown among Strangers: The Making of Mexican Culture in Frontier California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990)
Robert H.Jackson and Edward Castillo, Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission Sys- tem on California Indians (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995)
Randall Milliken, A Time of Little Choice: The Disintegration of Tribal Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1769-1810 (Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1995).
Kent G. Lightfoot, T. A. Wake, and A. M. Schiff, The Ar- chaeology and Ethnohistory of Fort Ross, California, Volume 1: Introduction (Berkeley: Contri- butions to the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 49, 1991).
C. Hart Merriam, "The Acorn, A Possibly Neglected Source of Food," National Geographic 34 (August 1918): 129-37
E. W. Gifford, "California Balanophagy," in Essays in Anthropology Presented to A. L. Kroeber in Celebration of His Sixtieth Birthday, June 11, 1936 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936), 87-98
Bev Ortiz, It Will Live Forever: Traditional Yosemite Indian Acorn Preparation (Berkeley: Hey- day Books, 1991)
Helen McCarthy, "Managing Oaks and the Acorn Crop," in Blackburn and Anderson, Before the Wilderness, 213-28
Glen Martin, "Keepers of the Oaks," Discover (August 1996): 44-50.
6
Alfred L. Kroeber, "Culture Element Distributions, III: Area and Climax," University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 37 (1936): 101-16.
7
Joanne M. Mack ("Siskiyou Utility Ware: Hunter-Gatherer Pottery, It's Not Just For Cooking")
Jerald J. Johnson ("Cosumnes Brownware: A Pottery Type Centered on the Lower Cosumnes and Adjacent Sacramento Rivers in Central California")
Thomas L.Jack- son ("Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southwestern Sierra Nevada, California")
William J. Wal- lace ("Another Look at Yokuts Pottery-Making")
Suzanne Griset ("Historic Transfor- mations of Tizon Brown Ware in Southern California") in Hunter-Gatherer Pottery From The Far West, ed. Joanne M. Mack, in Nevada State Museum Anthropological Papers 23 (1990): 123-30, 145 -58, 159-70, 171-78, 179-200.
8
Jeanne E. Arnold, "Organizational Transformations: Power and Labor among Complex Hunter-Gatherers and Other Intermediate Societies," in Arnold, Emergent Complexity, 66-68.
9
Lowell J. Bean and Harry W. Lawton, "Some Explanations for the Rise of Cultural Complexity in Native California With Comments on Proto-Agriculture and Agriculture," in Blackburn and Anderson, Before the Wilderness, 35.
10
Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 11: Great Basin, ed. Warren L. D'Azevedo (Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1986).
Francis A. Riddell, "Honey Lake Paiute Ethnography," in Nevada State Museum Occasional Papers 3, ed. Donald R.Tuohy (1978): 1-116.
11
William F. Shipley, "Native Languages of California," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians: Volume 8, 80-90
Leanne Hinton, Flutes of Fire: Essays on California Indian Languages (Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1994).
12
A. L. Kroeber, "The Nature of Land-Holding Groups in Aboriginal California," in Heizer, ed., Aboriginal California, 81-120
Peter H. Kunkel, "The Porno Kin-Group and the Political Unit in Aboriginal California," Journal of California Anthropology 1 (1974): 7-18
Lowell John Bean, "Social Organization," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 8, 673-82
Sally McLendon and Robert L. Os- walt, "Porno: Introduction," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 8, 274-88
Milliken, A Time of Little Choice, 21-24.
13
A. H. Gayton, "Yokuts-Mono Chiefs and Shamans," University of California Publi- cations in American Archaeology and Ethnology 24 (1930): 372.
14
Robert F. Heizer, "Natural Forces and World View," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 8, 649.
15
Roland B. Dixon, "The Northern Maidu," Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 17 (1905): 225.
16
Stephen Powers, "Tribes of California," Department of the Interior. U.S. Geograph- ical and Geological Survey of the Rocky Mountain Region, Contributions to North American Ethnology 3 (1877): 109-10 [reprinted by University of California Press, 1976].
17
F. F. Latta San Joaquin Primeval: Uncle Jeff's Story, A Tale of a San Joaquin Valley Pio- neer and His Life With the Yokuts Indians (Tulare: Tulare Times, 1929), 29, 31.
Thomas Jefferson Mayfield, Indian Summer: Tradi- tional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley (Berkeley: Heyday Books and California Historical Society, 1993).
18
Henry R. Wagner, Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo: Discoverer of the Coast of California (San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1941), 51.
19
Sally McLendon and Robert L. Oswalt, "Porno: Introduction," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 8, 276.
20
L. J. Bean, "Social Organization," in Heizer, Handbook of North American Indians, Vol- ume 8, 675-76.
21
A. H. Gayton, "Estudillo Among the Yokuts: 1819," in Essays in Anthropology Presented to A. L. Kroeber in Celebration of His Sixtieth Birthday, June 11, 1936 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936), 75-76.
22
Gayton, "Yokuts-Mono Chiefs and Shamans," 390.
Maynard Geiger, "Questionnaire of the Spanish Government in 1812 Concerning the Native Culture of the California Mission Indians," The Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter- American Cultural History V (April 1949): 488
Geiger, "Reply of Mission San Carlos Borromeo to the Questionnaire of the Spanish Government in 1812 Concerning the Native Culture of the California Mission Indians," The Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter- American Cultural History VI (April 1950): 479.
23
Dixon, "The Northern Maidu," Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 267.
24
Ibid., 274.
25
Arden R. King, "The Dream Biography of a Mountain Maidu," Character and Per- sonality 11 (March 1943): 230-31.
26
Gayton, "Yokuts-Mono Chiefs and Shamans," University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, 399.
27
Dorothy Lee, Freedom and Culture (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1959), 132.
28
Ibid., 134.
29
Ibid., 140.
30
Burt W. and Ethel G. Aginsky, Deep Valley (New York: Stein and Day Publishers, 1967), 18-19.
31
Stephen Powers, "The Northern California Indians: A Reprinting of 19 Articles on California Indians Originally Published 1872-1877," in Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 25, ed. Robert F. Heizer (May 1975): 111-12.
32
"Interviews With Tom Smith and Maria Copa: Isabel Kelly's Ethnographic Notes on the Coast Miwok Indians of Marin and Southern Sonoma Counties California," ed. Mary E. T. Collier and Sylvia Barker Thalman, MAPOM Occasional Papers 6 (1991): 451.
33
Maynard Geiger and Clement W. Meighan, As the Padres Saw Them: California Indian Life and Customs as Reported by the Franciscan Missionaries, 1813-1815 (Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Mission Archive Library, 1976), 59.
34
Powers, "The Northern California Indians: A Reprinting of 19 Articles on Califor- nia Indians Originally Published 1872-1877," 135-36.
35
C. Hart Merriam, The Dawn of the World: Myths and Weird Tales Told by the Mewan In- dians of California (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1910), 218
Lowell J. Bean as The Dawn of the World: Myths and Tales of the Miwok In- dians of California (Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1993).
36
Latta, San Joaquin Primeval, 40-41.
37
Collier and Thalman, "Interviews With Tom Smith and Maria Copa: Isabel Kelly's Ethnographic Notes on the Coast Miwok Indians of Marin and Southern Sonoma Coun- ties, California," MAPOM Occasional Papers, 495.
38
Ron Morales, personal communication, William Simmons fieldnotes, September 2, 1996.
39
Edward Winslow Gifford, "Miwok Moieties," University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 12 (June 24, 1916): 139-94.
40
C. Hart Merriam, "Indian Village and Camp Sites in Yosemite Valley," Sierra Club Bulletin 10 (1917): 202-204.
41
F. F. Latta, California Indian Folklore (Shafter, Calif: F. F. Latta, 1936), 67-68.
42
Collier and Thalman, eds., "Interviews With Tom Smith and Maria Copa," 450.
43
Leona Morales, "Maker Story" (1956)
44
A. H. Gayton, "Areal Affiliations of California Folktales," American Anthropologist 37 (October-December 1935): 588 .
45
A. L. Kroeber, "Indian Myths of South Central California," University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 4 (May 1907): 199.
46
Shipley, The Maidu Indian Myths and Stories of Hanc'ibyjim, 20, 62, 63.
47
Minna and Gordon Hewes, eds., "Indian Life and Customs at Mission San Luis Rey," The Americas: A Quarterly Review of Inter-American Cultural History IX (July 1952):8.
48
Maynard J. Geiger, trans., Palou's Life of Fray Junípero Serra (Washington: Academy of Franciscan History, 1955 [1787]), 112.
49
Robert F. Heizer, Elizabethan California (Ramona: Ballena Press, 1974), 75.
50
The Indians of Los Angeles County: Hugo Reid's Letters of 1852, ed. Robert F. Heizer, (Los Angeles: Southwest Museum Papers 21, 1968), 69.
51
Robert L. Oswalt, "Kashaya Texts," University of California Publications in Linguistics 36 (1974): 247.
52
S. A. Barrett, "Indian Opinions of the Earthquake of April, 1906," Journal of Ameri- can Folklore XIX (1906): 324.
53
Cora Du Bois, "Wintu Ethnography," University of California Publications in Ameri- can Archaeology and Ethnology 36 (1935): 75-76.
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