Notes

Notes
1
Ana María Alonso, Thread of Blood: Colonialism, Revolution, and Gender on Mexico's Northern Frontier (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1995), 21.
2
Fray Junípero Serra to Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, 21 May 1773, in Antonine Tibesar, ed., Writings of Junípero Serra, 4 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Academy of Franciscan History, 1955), 1: 363
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Sexual Violence in the Politics and Policies of Conquest: Amerindian Women and the Spanish Conquest of Alta California," in Adela de la Torre and Beatríz M. Pesquera, eds., Building with Our Hands: New Directions in Chicana Studies (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), 15-33
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Presi- darias y Pobladoras: The Journey North and Life in Frontier California," in Renato Rosaldo Lecture Series Monograph 8 (1990-91): 25-54
Richard C. Trexler, Sex and Conquest; Gendered Violence, Political Order, and the European Conquest of the Americas (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995)
Albert L. Hurtado, "Sexuality in California's Franciscan Missions: Cultural Per- ceptions and Sad Realities," California History 71 (Fall 1992): 370-85
Albert L. Hurtado, In- dian Survival on the California Frontier (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988)
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Amazonas, Brujas, and Fandango Dancers: Women's Sexuality and the Politics of Representation on the Borderlands," paper presented at the American Historical Association Annual Conference (January 1995)
Virginia Maria Bouvier, "Women, Conquest, and the Pro- duction of History: Hispanic California, 1542-1840" (Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1995)
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Monterey, Alta California, 1770-1821" (Ph.D. diss., Stanford University, 1990).
3
Ramón A. Gutiérrez: "Family Structures: The Spanish Borderlands" and "Sexual Mores and Behavior: The Spanish Borderlands," in Jacob Ernest Cooke, et al., eds., Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, 3 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993), 2: 672-82 and 700-710
When Jesus Came, the Cornmothers Went Away: Marriage, Sex- uality, and Power in New Mexico, 1500-1846 (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1991)
"Marriage and Seduction in Colonial New Mexico," in Adelaida R. del Castillo, ed., Between Borders: Essays on Mexicana/Chicana History (Los Angeles: Flor y Canto Press, 1990), 447-57
"From Honor to Love: Transformation of the Meaning of Sexuality in Colonial New Mexico," in Raymond T. Smith, ed., Kinship Ideology and Practice in Latin America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1984), 81-104.
4
Deena J. González: Refusing the Favor: The Spanish-Mexican Women of Santa Fe, 1820-1880 (New York: Oxford University Press, in press)
"La Tules of Im- age and Reality," in de la Torre and Pesquera, eds., Building with Our Hands, 75-90
"Gender Relations: The Spanish Borderlands," and "Old Age and Death: The Spanish Borderlands," in Cooke and others, eds., Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, 2: 406-412 and 780-82
"The Widowed Women of Santa Fe: Assessments on the Lives of an Unmarried Popu- lation, 1850-1889," in Arlene Scandron, ed., On Their Own: Widowhood and Aging in the American Southwest (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1988), 45-64.
Asunción Lavrín: "Lo Feminino: Women in Colonial Historical Sources," in Francisco Javier Cevallos-Candau et al., eds., Coded Encounters: Writing, Gender, and Ethnicity in Colonial Latin America (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994), 153-76
"In Search of the Colonial Woman in Mexico: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries," in Asunción Lavrín, ed., Latin American Women: Historical Perspectives (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1978), 23-59
"La vida feminina como experiencia religiosa: Biografía hagiografía en Hispanoamérica colonial," Colonial Latin American Review 2 (1993): 27-52
Asunción Lavrin and Edith Couturier, "Las mujeres tienen la palabra: Otras voces en la his- toria colonial de México," Historia Mexicana 31 (1981): 278-313.
5
Rosaura Sánchez, Telling Identities: The Californio Testimonios (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995)
Gyan Prakash, "Subaltern Studies as Postcolonial Criticism," American Historical Review 99 (1994): 1475-90
Florencia E. Mallon, "The Promise and Dilemma of Subaltern Studies: Perspectives from Latin American History," American His- torical Review 99 (1994): 1491-1515
"Founding Statement: Latin American Subaltern Stud- ies Group," Boundary 2 20 (Fall 1993): 110-21
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, "Can the Sub- altern Speak?" in Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, eds., Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988), 271-313
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, "The Rani of Simur: An Essay in Reading the Archives," History and Theory 25 (1985): 247-72.
6
Laura F. Klein and Lillian A. Ackerman, eds., Women and Power in Native North America (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995)
Nancy Shoemaker, ed., Negotiators of Change: Historical Perspectives on Native American Women (New York: Routledge, 1995)
Kevin Gosner and Deborah E. Kanter, eds., Ethnohistory, special issue, Women, Power, and Resistance in Colonial Mesoamerica 42 (Fall 1995)
Greg Sarris, Mabel McKay: Weaving the Dream (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994)
Greg Sarris, Keeping Slug Woman Alive: A Holistic Approach to American Indian Texts (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993)
Greg Sarris, "'What I'm Talking about When I'm Talking about My Baskets': Con- versations with Mabel McKay," in Sidonie Smith and Julia Watson, eds., De/Colonizing the Subject: The Politics of Gender in Women's Autobiography (Minneapolis: University of Min- nesota Press, 1992)
Carol Devens, Countering Colonization: Native American Women in the Great Lakes Missions, 1630-1900 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992)
Gretchen M. Bataille and Kathleen Mullen Sands, eds., American Indian Women: Telling Their Lives (Lin- coln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984)
Paula Gunn Allen, The Sacred Hoop: Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions (Boston: Beacon Press, 1992)
Paula Gunn Allen, Grandmothers of the Light: A Medicine Woman's Sourcebook (Boston: Beacon Press, 1991)
Paula Gunn Allen, ed., Spider Woman's Granddaughters: Traditional Tales and Contemporary Writing by Native American Women (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1989)
Beatrice Medicine and Patricia Albers, eds., The Hidden Half: Studies of Plains Indian Women (Lanham, Md.: Uni- versity Press of America, 1983)
Victoria Brady, Sarah Crome, and Lyn Reese, "Resist! Sur- vival Tactics of Indian Women," California History 63 (Spring 1984): 141-51
Rayna Green, Native American Women: A Contextual Bibliography (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983).
7
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Marriage: The Spanish Borderlands," in Cooke and others, eds., Encyclopedia of North American Colonies, 2:727-38
Gutiérrez, When Jesus Came
François Gi- raud, "Mujeres y Familia en Nueva 'Espana," in Carmen Ramos Escandón, ed., Presencia y transparencia: La mujer en la historia de México (México, D.F.: Colegio de México, 1987, 61-77
Asunción Lavrín, ed., Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1989)
Sylvia Arrom, The Women of Mexico City, 1790-1857 (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1985)
Patricia Seed, To Love, Honor, and Obey in Colonial Mexico: Conflicts over Marriage Choice, 1574-1821 (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1988)
8
Klein and Ackerman, eds., Women and Power in Native North America
Shoemaker, ed., Negotiators of Change
Gosner and Kanter, eds., Ethnohistory
9
Shoemaker, ed., Negotiators of Change, 7
Devens, Countering Colonization.
10
Lucy Eldersveld Murphy, "Autonomy and the Economic Roles of Indian Women of the Fox-Wisconsin Riverway Region, 1763-1832," in Shoemaker, eds., Negotiators of Change, 72-89
Edward D. Castillo, "Introduction," in Edward D. Castillo, ed., Native Amer- ican Perspectives on the Hispanic Colonization of Alta California, Spanish Borderlands Source- book 26 (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1991), xvii-xlv
Eleanor Leacock and Richard Lee, eds., Politics and History in Band Societies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and Editions de la Maison des Sciences de I'Homme, 1982)
Mona Etienne and Eleanor Leacock, eds., Women and Coloniza- tion: Anthropological Perspectives (New York: Praeger, 1980)
11
Harry Kelsey, ed., The Doctrina and Confesionario of Juan Cortés (Altadena, Calif: Howling Coyote Press, 1979), 112-16 and 120-23
Madison S. Beeler, ed., The Ventureno Confesionario of José Señán, O.F.M., University of California Publication in Linguistics 47 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967), 37-63.
12
Hugo Reid, "Letters on the Los Angeles County Indians," in Susana Bryant Dakin, ed., A Scotch Paisano in Old Los Angeles: Hugo Reid's Life in California, 1832-1852 Derived from His Correspondence (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1939), app. B: 275.
13
Bouvier, "Women, Conquest, and the Production of History," 363-69.
14
Gutiérrez, "Sexual Mores and Behavior," 701.
15
"Ynterrogatorio sobre la sublevación de San Gabriel, 10 octubre de 1785," Archivo General de la Nación, Provincias Internas Tomo 1 (Californias): 120, Microfilm Collection, Bancroft Library, Berkeley, Calif.
16
Robert F. Heizer, "A Californian Messianic Movement of 1801 among the Chu- mash," American Anthropologist 43 (1941, reprint, 1962): 128-29.
Elizabeth Salas, Soldaderas in the Mexican Military (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1990), 1-10
Clara Sue Kidwell, "Indian Women as Cultural Mediators," Ethnohistory 39 (Spring 1992): 97-107
Beatrice Medicine, "'Warrior Women'—Sex Role Alternatives for Plains Indian Women," in Medicine and Albers, eds., The Hidden Half 267-80.
17
Heizer, "A Californian Messianic Movement of 1801 among the Chumash."
18
Antonia I. Castaneda, "Witchcraft on the Spanish-Mexican Borderlands," in Wilma Mankiller, Gwendolyn Mink, Marysa Navarro, Barbara Smith, and Gloria Steinem, eds., The Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History (New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, in press).
19
Ruth Behar, "Sexual Witchcraft, Colonialism, and Women's Power: Views from the Mexican Inquisition," in Lavrín, ed., Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America, 178-206
Ruth Behar, "Sex and Sin, Witchcraft, and the Devil in Late Colonial Mexico," American Ethnologist 14 (February 1987): 344-54
Ruth Behar, "The Visions of a Guachichil Witch in 1599: A Window on the Subjugation of Mexico's Hunter-Gatherers," Ethnohistory 34 (Spring 1987): 115-38
Solange Alberro, "Herejes, brujas, y beatas: Mujeres ante el Tribunal del Santo Oficio de la Inquisitión en la Nueva Espana," in Escandón, ed., Presen- cia y transparencia, 79-94
Henry Kamen, Inquisition and Society in Spain in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century (Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1985)
Henry Kamen, "Notes on Witchcraft, Sexuality, and the Inquisition," in Angel Alcalá, ed., The Spanish Inquisition and the Inquisitorial Mind (Boulder, Colo.: Social Science Monographs, 1987), 237-47
María Helena Sánchez-Ortega, "Woman as a Source of 'Evil' in Counter-Reformation Spain," in Anne J. Cruz and Mary Elizabeth Perry, eds., Culture and Control in Counter-Reformation Spain, Hispanic Issues 7 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992)
Marc Simmons, Witchcraft in the Southwest: Spanish and Indian Supernaturalism on the Rio Grande (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980).
20
Bouvier, "Women, Conquest, and the Production of History," 363-84
Edward D. Castillo, trans, and ed., "The Assassination of Padre Andrés Quintana by the Indians of Mis- sion Santa Cruz in 1812: The Narrative of Lorenzo Asisara," California History 68 (Fall 1989): 117-25
Edward D. Castillo, "Introduction" and "The Native Response to the Colo- nization of Alta California," in Castillo, ed., Native American Perspectives on the Hispanic Colonization of Alta California, xvii-xlv and 423-40
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Comparative Frontiers: The Migration of Women to Alta California and New Zealand," in Lilian Schlis- sel, Vicki L. Ruiz, and Janice Monk, eds., Western Women: Their Land, Their Lives (Albu- querque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988), 283-300, especially 292-94
James Sandos, "Levantamiento! The 1824 Chumash Uprising," The Californians 5 (January—February 1987): 8-11
Bruce Walter Barton, The Tree at the Center of the World: A Study of the California Mis- sions (Santa Barbara: Ross-Erickson Publications, 1980), 185
Sherburne F. Cook, Conflict be- tween the California Indian and White Civilization (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976), 56-90.
21
Hurtado, Indian Survival on the California Frontier.
22
Sarris, "'What I'm Talking about When I'm Talking about My Baskets.'"
23
Gunn Allen, Spider Woman's Grandaughters, 2.
24
Author interview with Judith F. Baca, October 8, 1995, San Antonio, TX
Author in- terview with Vera Rocha, July 5, 1996, Baldwin Park, CA.
25
Heath Dillard, Daughters of the Reconquest: Women in Castilian Town Society, 1100-1300 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984)
Heath Dillard, "Women in Reconquest Castile: the Fueros of Sepúlveda and Cuenca," in Susan Mosher Stuard, ed., Women in Me- dieval Society (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976), 71-94
Salomé Hernán- dez, "Nueva Mexicanas as Refugees and Reconquest Settlers, 1680-1696," in Joan M. Jensen and Darlis A. Miller, eds., New Mexico Women: Intercultural Perspectives (Albuquerque: Uni- versity of New Mexico Press, 1986), 41-70.
26
José María Ots y Capdequi, Instituciones sociales de la América española en elperíodo colo- nial (La Plata: Biblioteca Humanidades, 1934), 183-206.
27
Serra to Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa, Monterey, 24 August 1774, Writings, 2: 143
Serra to Bucareli, Monterey, 8 January 1775, Writings, 2: 203
Serra to Bucareli, Monterey, 30 June 1778, Writings, 3: 199.
28
Serra to Bucareli, Mexico City, 13 March 1773, Writings, 1: 325
Serra to Bucareli, Mexico City, 22 April 1773, Writings, 1: 341
Serra to Bucareli, Monterey, 24 August 1775, Writings, 2: 149, 151, and 153.
29
Branciforte al Governador, "Sobre envío de mujeres para pobladores," Orizaba, 25 enero de 1798, Archives of California, 14: 284, Bancroft Library
Salomé Hernández, "No Settlement without Women: Three Spanish California Setdement Schemes, 1790-1800," Southern California Quarterly 72 (Fall 1990): 203-33.
30
Memorias de Doña Apolinaria Lorenzana, "La Beata," marzo de 1878, Santa Barbara, Manuscript Collection, 1, Bancroft Library.
31
C. Alan Hutchinson, Frontier Settlement in Mexican California: The Híjar-Padrés Colony and Its Origins, 1769-1835 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969).
32
Serra to Bucareli, "Report of the Spiritual and Material Status of the Five California Missions, 5 February 1775," Writings, 2: 237, 241.
Sherburne F. Cook and Woodrow Borah, Essays in Population History: Mexico and the Caribbean, 3 vols. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971-79), 1: 248-53.
Jack Forbes, "Hispano- Mexican Pioneers of the San Francisco Bay Region: An Analysis of Racial Origins," Aztlán (Spring 1983): 175-189
Jack Forbes, "Black Pioneers: The Spanish-Speaking Afroamericans of the Southwest," in George E. Frakes and Curtis B. Solberg, eds., Minorities in California History (New York: Random House, 1971), 20-33, first published in 1966.
33
Charles Howard Shinn, "Pioneer Spanish Families in California," The Century Mag- azine (new series, v. xix), (1891): 377-89
Gloria E. Miranda, "Racial and Cultural Dimensions of Gente de Razón Status in Spanish and Mexican California," Southern California Quarterly 70 (Fall 1988): 265-78.
34
José María Estudillo, comandante de la compañia presidial, Información sobre nobleza de sange del Sargento Ignacio Vallejo y decreto concedido lo pedido, 20 julio 1807, Monterey, California, Archives of California, 16: 356
Ynformación sobre la legitimidad y limpieza de sangre de Don Ignacio Vicente Ferrer Vallejo, padre del General Don Mariano Vallejo, 1806-1847, M. G. Vallejo Collection, Documentos para la Historia, Bancroft Library.
35
Parroquia de Monterey, C-C 24: 31, 34, Bancroft Library
Lisbeth Haas, Conquest and His- torical Identities (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995), 43.
Genaro Padilla, My History, Not Yours: The Formation of Mexican American Autobiography (Madison: Univer- sity of Wisconsin Press, 1993)
Ramón A. Gutiérrez, "Unraveling America's Hispanic Past: Internal Stratification and Class Boundaries," Aztlán 17 (1986): 79-101.
36
Douglas Monroy, Thrown among Strangers: The Making of Mexican Culture in Fron- tier California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990)
David J. Langum, Law and Community on the Mexican California Frontier: Anglo-American Expatriates and the Clash of Legal Traditions, 1821-1846 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987)
David J. Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest under Mexico (Albuquerque: Uni- versity of New Mexico Press, 1982)
Leonard Pitt, The Decline of the Californios (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966), 1-47.
37
Sánchez, Telling Identities; Monroy, Thrown among Strangers, 158-61
Antonia I. Castañeda, "The Political Economy of Nineteenth-Century Stereotypes of Californianas," in Del Castillo, ed., Between Borders, 213-36.
38
Rosaura Sánchez, Beatrice Pita, and Bárbara Reyes, eds., "Nineteenth Century Californio Testimonials," Critica: A Journal of Critical Essays (University of California, San Diego: Crit- ica Monograph Series, Spring 1994).
Genaro Padilla, "Recovering Mexican American Autobiography," and Rosaura Sanchez, "Nineteenth- Century Californio Narratives: The Hubert H. Bancroft Collection," in Ramón Gutiérrez and Genaro Padilla, eds., Recovering the U.S. Hispanic Literary Heritage (Houston: Arte Público Press, 1993), 153-78 and 279-92
Genaro Padilla, "Discontinuous Continuities: Remapping the Terrain of Spanish Colonial Narrative," in Maria Herrera-Sobek, ed., Re- constructing a Chicana/o Literary Heritage: Hispanic Colonial Literature of the Southwest (Tuc- son: University of Arizona Press, 1993), 24-36
Genaro Padilla, "Yo Sola Aprendí: Mexican Women's Personal Narratives from Nineteenth-Century California," in Susan Groag Bell and Marilyn Yalom, eds., Revealing Lives: Autobiography, Biography, and Gender (New York: State University of Press of New York, 1990).
39
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Gender, Race, and Culture: Spanish-Mexican Women in the Historiography of Frontier California," Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 11 (1990): 8-20.
40
Castañeda, "Gender, Race, and Culture"
Castañeda, "Political Economy of Nineteenth- Century Stereotypes"
Hubert Howe Bancroft, California Pastoral, 1769-1848 (San Francisco: History Company, 1888), 305-34.
41
Miranda, "Gente de Razón Marriage Patterns."
42
Katharine Meyer Lockhart, "A Demographic Profile of an Alta California Pueblo: San José de Guadalupe, 1777-1850" (Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1986), 114.
43
Miranda, "Hispano-Mexicano Childrearing Practices in Pre-American Santa Bar- bara."
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Monterey," 286-87, 291, fn. 1.
44
Lockhart, "A Demographic Profile of an Alta California Pueblo," 60-69.
45
Miranda, "Hispano-Mexicano Childrearing Practices," 309.
46
Alicia V. Tjarks, "Demographic, Ethnic, and Occupational Structure of New Mexico, 1790," The Americas 35 (July 1978): 45-88
Alicia V. Tjarks, "Comparative Demographic Analysis of Texas, 1777-1793," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 77 (January 1974): 291-338.
47
Miranda, "Gente de Razón Marriage Patterns"
Miranda, "Hispano-Mexicano Chil- drearing Practices"
Lockhart, "A Demographic Profile of an Alta California Pueblo."
48
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Mon- terey," 266-74
Lockhart, "A Demographic Profile of an Alta California Pueblo," 112-14.
Richard Griswold del Castillo, La Familia: Chicano Families in the Urban Southwest, 1848 to the Pres- ent (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984)
Barbara Laslett, "Household Structure on an American Frontier: Los Angeles, California, in 1850," American Journal of So- ciology 81 (January 1975): 109-28.
49
Mallon, "The Promise and Dilemma of Subaltern Studies," 1511.
50
Herbert Eugene Bolton, trans, and ed., Anza's California Expeditions, 5 vols. (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1930), 4: 138, 428.
51
Ibid., 4: 428.
52
Ibid., 1: 228.
53
Ynstancia de Doña Eulalia Callis, Muger de Don Pedro Fages, governador de Cali- fornia, sobre que se le oyga en justicia, y redima de la opresión que padece, 23 August 1785, Archivo General de la Nación, Provincias Internas, 120: 66-81, Collection, Bancroft Library.
54
Bancroft, History of California, 1: 389-93
Irving Berdine Richman, California under Spain and Mexico, 1535-1847 (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1911), 156-58
Charles C. Chapman, A History of California: The Spanish Period (New York: MacMillan Company, 1921), 398-400
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: The Journey North," 41-43, 54, fn. 103.
55
Manuel Patricio Servín, "California's Hispanic Heritage: A View into the Span- ish Myth," Journal of San Diego History 19 (1973): 1-9
Oakah L. Jones, Jr., Los Paisanos: Span- ish Settlers on the Northern Frontier of New Spain (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979)
Sidney B. Brinckerhoff and Odie B. Faulk, Lancers for the King: A Study of the Fron- tier Military System of Northern New Spain, with a Translation of the Royal Regulations of 1772 (Phoenix: Arizona Historical Foundation, 1965)
Max Moorhead, "The Soldado de Cuera: Stalwart of the Spanish Borderlands," in Oakah L. Jones, Jr., ed., The Spanish Borderlands: A First Reader (Los Angeles: Lorrin L. Morrison, 1974), 87-105
Leon G. Campbell, "The First Californios: Presidial Society in Spanish California, 1760-1822," in Jones, Jr., ed., The Span- ish Borderlands, 106-18.
56
Bancroft, History of California, 1: 603-606
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Monterey," 168-69, 203-204.
57
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Mon- terey," 171-73
Hernandez, "No Settlement without Women."
58
Lorenzana, "Memorias de Dona Apolinaria Lorenzana, La Beata," 45-46.
59
Castañeda, "Presidarias y Pobladoras: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Mon- terey," 266-71.
60
Lavrín, "In Search of the Colonial Woman," in Lavrín, ed., Latin American Women, 35
Ots y Capdequi, Institutiones sociales, 250-51
Arrom, The Women of Mexico City, 65-70.
61
José Argüello a Fages, 26 noviembre de 1788, San Francisco, Trato ilícito entre un sol- dado y una muger casada, Archives of California, 4: 250.
62
Carrillo, 28 de noviembre de 1806, Santa Barbara, Causa de incesto, Archives of Cal- ifornia, 16: 342-56
Antonio María Pico, Juez constitucional de primera nominatión, 7 de mayo de 1845, San José Guadalupe. Causa criminal contra el vecino Mariano Duarte, mae- stro de escuela por tentativas de estupro en niñas de menor edad, Archives of California, 69: 139-42.
63
Criminal Court Records, Mexican Archives of Monterey County, Office of the County Clerk, Salinas, Calif.
64
Padilla, My History, Not Yours, 26
Sánchez, Telling Identities
Richard Griswold del Castillo, "Neither Activist Nor Victim: Mexican Women's Historical Discourse—The Case of San Diego, 1820-1850," California History (Fall 1995): 230-43.
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Joan W. Scott, ed., Femi- nism and History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996)
Deena J. Gonzalez, "A Resit- uated West: Johnson's Re-gendered, Re-racialized Perspective," in Clyde Milner III, ed., A New Significance: Re-envisioning the History of the American West (New York: Oxford Uni- versity Press, in press)
Ann-Louise Shapiro, ed., Feminists ReVision History (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1994)
Kathleen M. Brown, "Brave New Worlds: Women's and Gender History," William and Mary Quarterly 50 (April 1993): 311-328
Susan Lee Johnson, "A memory sweet to soldiers': The Significance of Gender in the History of the 'American West'," Western Historical Quarterly 24 (November 1993): 495-518
Antonia I. Castañeda, "Women of Color and the Rewriting of Western History: The Discourse, Politics, and De- colonization of History," Pacific Historical Review 61 (November 1992): 501-533
Joan W. Scott, "Experience," and Ana Maria Alonso, "Gender, Power, and Historical Memory: Dis- courses of Serrano Resistance," in Judith Butler and Joan W. Scott, eds., Feminists Theorize the Political (New York and London: Routledge, 1994), 22-40 and 404-425
Emma Perez, "Sexuality and Discourse: Notes from a Chicana Survivor," in Carla Trujillo, ed., Chicana Les- bians: The Girls Our Mothers Warned Us About (Berkeley: Third Woman Press, 1991), 159-84
Irene Silverblatt, "Interpreting Women in States: New Feminist Ethnohistories," in Mi- caela di Leonardo, ed., Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era (Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press, 1991), 140-74
Joan Wallach Scott, "Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis," American Historical Review 91 (December 1986): 1053-75.
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