Notes

Notes
1
When Jesus Came the Corn Mothers Went Away (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1991), 195.
2
Hubert Howe Bancroft, The History of California, 7 vols. (San Francisco: The History Company, 1888), 3:346-47.
3
Telling Identities, Californio Testimonios (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995).
4
Robert Heizer and M. A. Whipple, eds., The California Indians: A Source Book (Berkeley: University of Cal- ifornia Press, 1951).
5
Sherburne Cook, "The Indian Versus the Spanish Mission," in The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), 76-84.
6
Douglas Monroy, Thrown among Strangers (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990), 80.
Lis- beth Haas, Conquests and Historical Identities in California (Berkeley: University of Califor- nia Press, 1995).
7
Bancroft, History, 2:406,517-18.
8
Sánchez, Telling Identities, 90.
David Weber, in The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846 (Al- buquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982), 400
9
Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 72-76.
10
Woodrow Hansen, The Search for Authority in California (Oakland: Biobooks, i960), 2-3.
11
Weber, The Mexican Frontier, 75-76.
12
Los Angeles City Archives, v. 2, September 12,1837,197.
13
Ibid., v. 3, September 1,1838,309-10
Michael P. Costeloe, The Central Re- public in Mexico, 1835-1846: Hombres de Bien in the Age of Santa Ana (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1993), 18.
14
Manuel Servín, "The Secularization of the California Missions," Southern California Quarterly 47:4 (1965): 136-38.
15
Monroy, Thrown among Strangers, 42-43.
16
Ibid.
17
Daniel Garr, "Church-State Boundary Disputes," in Dora Crouch, Daniel Garr, Axel Mundingo, Spanish City Planning (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1987), 248-49.
18
Daniel Garr, "Los Angeles and the Challenge of Growth," Southern California Quarterly 61 (Summer 1979): 147-55.
19
Los Angeles City Archives, v. 3, October 6,1837, 179, City clei"k's office of Los Angeles.
20
Bancroft, History, 3: 638.
21
Vallejo, "Historia de California," 5 vols., Earl Hewitt, trans., 4:135, Bancroft Library.
22
Bancroft, History, 3:638.
23
Narciso Botello, "Anales de Sur," ms., 178-79, Bancroft Library.
24
Los Angeles Ayuntamiento Archives, May 6,1850, v. 5,303, Bancroft Library.
25
Del Valle Collection, Seaver Center for Western History, Natural History Museum for Los Angeles Country. Grammar book in Spanish with six pages, and each page with a different style of writing, p. 1, Box 13, Item #679.
26
Antonio Coronel Collection, Seaver Center for Western History Natural History, Museum for Los Angeles County. Grammar book in Spanish, n.p., Item #714.
27
Bancroft, History, 3:317-18.
Los Angeles City Archives, v. 4, April 12 (?), 1837, P- 296, city clerk's office.
28
Leonard Pitt, Decline of the Californios (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971), 4-5.
Sherburne Cook, "The Indian Versus the Spanish Mission," 4, table 1.
29
Cook, "The Indian versus the Spanish Mission," 91-134-
30
Pio Pico, Historical Narrative, trans., Arthur Botello, edited by Martin Cole and Henry Welcome (Glendale, Calif: Arthur H. Clark, 1973), 89
William Wilcox Robinson, The Indians of Los Angeles: The Story of a Liquidation of a People (Los Angeles: Glen Dawson Press, 1952)
Tomas Almaguer, Racial Fault Lines in California: The Historical Origins of White Supremacy in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994), 45-51.
31
Los Angeles Ayuntamiento Archives, July 3,1847, P- 440, Bancroft Library.
32
Ibid, n.d., v. 3,1847, p. 139.
33
Gerald Smith and Clifford Walker, The Indian Slave Trade Along the Mojave Trail (San Bernadino: San Bernadino County Museum, 1965).
Gomez, "Lo Que Sabe Sobre Cosas de Cal- ifornia," ms., v.3,759, Bancroft Library.
34
Erik Erikson, Childhood and Society (New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 1964), 275-358
35
James Sandos, "Junípero Serra's Canonization and the Historical Record," American Historical Review 93:5 (19 8 8): 125 4.
36
Dora Crouch, Daniel Garr, and Axel Mundingo, Spanish City Planning in North America, 240.
37
Angustias de la Ord, Occurrences in Hispanic California, trans. Francis Price and William Ellison (Washington D.C: American Academy of Franciscan History, 1956), 7.
38
Edwin Beilharz, Felipe de Neve: First Governor of California (San Francisco, 1971), 9-10.
39
José Figueroa, Manifesto to the Mexican Republic, trans. C Alan Hutchinson (Berke- ley: University of California Press, 1978), 96.
40
Archives of the Prefecture, v. 1, June 4,1841,370, part B, in English, city clerk's office of Los Angeles.
41
George Frederickson, Black Image in the White Mind (New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1972)
Kenneth S. Greenberg, Honor and Slavery (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996).
42
Hugh Honour, Neo-Classicism (London: Pen- guin Books, 1968)
George Kubler, Mexican Architecture in the Sixteenth Century, 2 vols., (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1948)
his The Shape of Time: Remarks on the His- tory of Things (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970).
43
The First America: The Spanish Monarchy, Creole Patriots, and the Liberal State, 1492-1867 (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1991), espe- cially, 561-602.
Prophecy and Myth in Mexican History (Cambridge, England: Cam- bridge University Press, 1980)
The Origins of Mexican Nationalism (Cambridge, En- gland: Cambridge University Press, 1985).
44
Charles Hale, Mexican Liberalism in the Age of Mora, 1821-1853 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968)
Jaime Rodriguez, ed., The Evolution of the Mexican Political System (Wilmington, Delaware: SR Books, 1984)
Jean Franco, Plotting Women: Gender and Representation in Mexico (New York: Columbian University Press, 1989).
Jose Luis Mora, Catecismo politico de la federatíon mexicana (Mexico, 1831), Nettie Lee Benson Rare Book Collection, University of Texas at Austin
45
Isaiah Berlin, The Crooked Timber of Humanity (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1991).
46
Arthur Quinn, Broken Shore (Inverness, Calif: Redwood Press, 1981), 34-35
John Leddy Phelan, The Millennial Kingdom of the Franciscans in the New World (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1970)
Jacques LaFaye, From Quetzalcóatl to Guadalupe (Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1974)
Antonine Tibesar, O.F.M., ed., The Writings of Junípero Serra, 2 vols. (Washington D.C: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1955), i:xxiii-xxx.
47
Brading, The First America, 492-513.
48
Fernando Cervantes, The Devil in the New World {New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994).
49
Brading, The First America, 495-97
50
Ibid, 490-97.
51
Junipero Serra to Father Francisco Palou, July 3,1769, in Tibesar, Writings of Junipero Serra, 1:144-45.
Silvio Zavala, Sir Thomas More in New Spain (Mexico City: Colegio de Mexico, 1955).
52
Fray Juan Crespi, Missionary Explorer on the Pacific Coast, 1769-1774, Herbert Bolton, ed. (Berkeley: University of Californian Press, 1927), 146-55.
53
Governor José María Echeandía's report on neophytes charged with sorcery, in Cook, "The Indian versus the California Mission," 149
Father Gerónimo Boscana, Chinigchinich, in Alfred Robinson, Life in California (Pasadena: Grabhorn Press, 1950).
54
Francis Guest, O.F.M., "Cultural Perspectives on California Mission Life," Southern California Quarterly 65(1983).
55
Cook, The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization, 97-99.
Columbian Consequences: Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on the Spanish Borderlands West, 2 vols., ed., David Hurst Thomas (Washington D.C: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989).
56
Robert H. Jackson and Edward Castillo, Indians, Franciscans, and Spanish Coloniza- tion: The Impact of the Mission System on California Indians (Albuquerque: University, New Mexico Press 1995), II-30.
57
Ibid.
Daniel Fogel, Junipero Serra, the Vatican, and Enslavement Theology (San Francisco: ism Press, 1988), 41-81.
58
Antonia Castañeda, "Sexual Violence in the Politics and Poli- cies of Conquest," in Building with Our Hands, eds., Adela de la Torre and Beatriz Pesquera (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992).
59
As the Padres Saw Them, Maynard Geiger, O.F.M., and Clement Meighan, eds., (Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Mission Archive Library, 1976), 105.
60
Ibid.
61
Ibid., 105-106.
62
Caroline W. Bynum, Fragmentation and Redemption (New York: Zone Books, 1991)
Mary Douglas, Natural Symbols (New York: Pantheon Books, 1982).
63
Crouch, et al., Spanish City Planning, esp. 5-61.
64
Serra complaint is in ibid., 240.
65
Ibid., 241.
66
Servín's "The Secularization of the California Missions," 137.
68
Brading, Prophecy and Myth in Mexican History, 37-44.
Hutchinson, Frontier Settlement in Mexican California, 110-80.
Michael Costeloe, Church and State in Independent Mexico: A Study of the Patronage Debate, 1821-1857 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1978)
69
Costeloe, The Central Republic in Mexico, 1836-1846.
Hugh Hamill, The Hidalgo Revolt (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1968).
70
Brading, The First America.
71
Ibid., 450-53.
72
Brading, Myth and Prophecy in the Mexican Nation, 41.
73
Ibid., 42
74
Torcuato S. Di Telia, "The Dangerous Classes in Early Nineteenth Century Mexico," Journal of Latin American Studies 5 (1973)
Donald Stevens, "Riot, Rebellion and Instability in Nineteenth-Century Mexico," Five Centuries of Mexican History, Virginia Guedea and Jaime Rodriguez, eds. (Mexico, 1992).
75
John K. Chance, Race and Class in Colonial Oaxaca (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1978).
76
Jaime Rodriguez, Down From Colonialism (Los Angeles: Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA, 1983).
Rod- riguez and Colin M. MacLachlan, The Forging of the Cosmic Race: A Reinterpretation of Colo- nial Mexico (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980).
77
Michael P. Rogin's Ronald Reagan: The Movie, and Other Episodes in Political Demonology (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987)
D. A. Brading, The First America, 583-602.
78
Bancroft, History, 3:38
79
C Alan Hutchinson, "The Secularization of California's Missions," The Americas 21 (1965): 248-49.
80
Pitt, Decline of 'the Californios, 2-3.
81
Vallejo, "Historia de California," v. 3, n.p..
82
Bancroft, History, 2:3.
83
Pitt, The Decline of the Californios, 5.
84
Bancroft, History, 3:608-49
George Harwood Phillips, Chiefs and Challengers:Indian Resistance and Cooperation in Southern California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975).
Bancroft, History, 4:68
Smith and Walker, The Slave Trade Along the Mojave Trail, 8-10.
85
Zephyrin Engelhardt, O.F.M., The Missions and Missionaries of California, 4 vols. (San Francisco: James Barry and Company, 1913), 3:416-17
Gerald Geary, A.M., The Secularization of the California Missions (Washington D.C: The Catholic University of America, 1934), 124-25.
86
Sherburne Cook, Expeditions to the Interior of California, Central Valley, 1820-1840 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961), 152-58.
87
The Southwest Expedition of Jedediah Smith: His Personal Account of the Journey to California, 1826-1827, ed., George Brooks (Glendale: Arthur H. Clark Company, 1977), 96-105.
88
Bancroft, History, vol. 3.
Hutchinson's Frontier Settlement in Mexican California
Servin, "The Secularization of the California Missions: A Reap- praisal," 133-40.
89
Bancroft, History, 3:328, n. 50.
90
Ibid.
91
The Mexican Frontier, 60-64.
92
San Diego Ayuntamiento Archives, 2 vols., compiled by Benjamin Hayes, v. 1, p. 142, Bancroft Library.
93
Robert Heizer and Alan Almquist, The Other Californians (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976), 48-50
Monroy, Thrown among Strangers, 153-54.
94
Smith and Walker, The Indian Slave Trade along the Mojave Trail, 5-10.
95
Los Angeles City Archives, v. 3, "Fondo Municipal de 1836," pp. 75-83, city clerk's office of Los Angeles.
Manuel Requena, alcalde of Los Angeles in 1836.
96
Los Angeles City Archives, v.3, "Fondo Municipal," for the years between 1830 and 1845 to see how many landowners and shopkeepers paid a license to market aguardiente, city clerk's office of Los Angeles.
97
Report of Rafael Gallardo of the Police Commission, Los Angeles City Archives, March 13,1847, v.i, 361, city clerk's office of Los Angeles.
Los Angeles Ayuntamiento Archives, July 3, 1847, v. 5, 431-42, Bancroft Library.
98
Jean Franco, Plotting Women, 95-97
Peter Stalfybrass and Allon White, The Politics and Poetics of Transgression (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986), 145-47.
99
Petition of Francisco Figueroa and Luis Vignes, Los Angeles City Archives, v. 1, February 19-21, May 2,1846, trans., 412-17, city clerk's office of Los Angeles.
100
Sherburne Cook, "Small Pox in Mexican California," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 7:2 (1939)
Los Angeles Ayuntamiento Archives, v.3, n.d., 1844-1850,7-11, Bancroft Library.
101
William Wilcox Robinson's, "The Indians of Los Angeles," The Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly 20:4 (1938): 156-57.
102
Los Angeles Ayuntamiento Archives, v. 5, November 17,1845,271, Bancroft Library.
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