Notes

Notes
1
Josiah Royce, Letters, ed. John Clendenning (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970), pp. 112-13.
2
Ibid., pp. 129,128.
3
Josiah Royce, California, from the Con- quest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee in San Francisco: A Study of American Character (Santa Barbara: Peregrine Press, 1970), pp. 106, 111.
4
Royce, California, pp. 92-93.
5
Ibid., p. 40.
6
Ibid., pp. 6-8.
7
Ibid., p. 88.
8
Ibid., p. 106.
9
Ibid., p. 123.
10
Ibid., p. 156.
11
Ibid., p. 175.
12
Ibid., p. 201.
13
Ibid., p. 217.
14
Ibid., p. 255.
15
Ibid., p. 283.
16
Ibid., pp. 369, 380.
17
Ibid., p. 394.
18
Royce, Letters, pp. 202,178.
19
Berkeleyan, I (April 1874), 10-11.
20
Thomas F. Powell, Josiah Royce (New York: Twayne, 1967), p. 188.
John Clendenning in his introduction to The Feud of Oakfield Creek (p. xvii)
John O. King III, The Iron of Melancholy (Middletown, Conn.: Wesley an University Press, 1983) emphasizes the character of Margaret (pp. 210-12).
21
Royce, "The Squatter Riot of '50 in Sacramento: Its Causes and Its Sig- nificance," Overland Monthly, VI (September 1885), pp. 225-46.
Royce, Letters, p. 204.
22
Overland Monthly, VIII (August 1886), pp. 222-23.
23
I (1886), 492
Oak reply, Overland Monthly, VIII (September 1886), p. 330.
24
Overland Monthly, VIII (August 1886), p. 216.
Appleton's Cyclopaedia (New York 1887-89)
Century, XVIII (1890), 775-94
XXI (1891-92), 133-150,296- 309
XIX (1891), 780-83, 928-29.
Na- tion XLII (March 11, 1886), 220-22
XLIII (July 29, 1886), 99-101
XLIV (January 13, 1887), 39-40
XLVIII (February 14,1889), 140-42,164-65.
25
Royce, "Fr3mont," Atlantic, LXVI (October 1890), 557, 548, 550, 555.
26
Royce, "The Conquest of Califor- nia," Century, XIX (April 1891), p. 923.
27
Royce, "The Fr3mont Legend," Na- tion, LII (May 21,1891), p. 425.
28
Royce, Letters, pp. 157-65,170-74.
29
Royce, Philosophy of Loyalty (New York: Macmillan, 1908), p. 287.
30
Royce, Basic Writings, ed. John J. McDermott (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969), I, 32.
31
Ashbel Green to Robert V. Hine, March 7,1986.
32
Stewart, New York Times, Septem- ber 12, 1948
Jackson, San Francisco Chronicle, September 20, 1948
Paul, Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XXXV (1948-49), 711-12
Barker, American Historical Review, LIV (April 1949), 705-06.
33
Gibbs M. Smith to Robert V. Hine, February 11,1986
Kenneth Johnson, Journal of the West, X (October 1971), 751
Zamarano 80 [catalogue of an ex- hibition] (San Marino, Calif.: Hunt- ington Library, 1986), no. 66.
34
Royce, California, pp. 59, 61,40-50.
35
Ibid., p. 228.
36
Ibid., p. xvii.
37
Royce, Letters, p. 181.
38
Ibid., p. 174
Royce, California, pp. 324-25.
39
Royce, Letters, p. 178.
40
Royce to John W. Buckham, June 15, 1915, Clifford L. Barrett Collection (Box 1); Huntington Library.
41
Royce, California, p. 79.
42
Ibid., p. 371.
43
Ibid., p. 110
44
Ibid., p. 369.
45
Ibid., pp. 164,171.
46
Ibid., pp. 8, 242, 333.
47
Ibid., p. 130.
48
Ibid., pp. 41-42, 62, 216,267
Vincent Buranelli, Josiah Royce (New York, 1964), p. 24.
49
Royce, California, p. xvii.
50
Royce, Basic Writings, I, 182,195-97
Royce, Race Questions, Provincialism, and Other American Problems (New York: Macmillan, 1908), p. 170.
51
Kevin Starr, Americans and the Cali- fornia Dream (New York: Oxford Uni- versity Press, 1973), pp. 143-45.
52
Royce, California, p. 25.
53
Mercedes M. Randall, ed., Beyond Nationalism: The Social Thought of Emily Greene Balch (New York: Twayne, 1972), p. 51
Martha Win- nacker to Robert V. Hine, October 7, 1986.
54
Royce, California, p. 232.
55
Royce, Race Questions, p. 75.
56
Royce, Letters, p. 342
Bruce Kuklick, Josiah Royce: An Intellectual Biography (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1972), p. 110.
57
Robert Bellah, et al, Habits of the Heart (New York: Harper and Row, 1985), pp. 32-35.
58
Royce, The Feud of Oakfield Creek (New York: Johnson Reprint, 1970), p. 29
Royce, California, p. 295.
59
Sarah Bayliss Royce, A Frontier Lady (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1932).
60
Royce, California, p. 332.
61
Ibid., p. 346
Peter R. Decker, Fortunes and Failures (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978), pp. 139-41.
62
Royce, California, p. 311.
John Caughey, Gold Is the Cornerstone (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1948), pp. 272-74
Starr, Americans, pp. 69-86.
63
Royce, California, pp. 225, 227, 244, 245.
64
Walton Bean and James Rawls, Cali- fornia: An Interpretive History (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), p. 102
Bean and Rawls follow Royce: e.g., pp. 77-78.
65
Royce, California, p. 386
Royce, Feud, pp. 357-58.
66
Royce, Philosophy of Loyalty, p. 248.
67
Robert Whittemore, Makers of the American Mind (New York: William Morrow, 1964), p. 380.
68
Royce, California, p. 394.
1
Los Angeles Board of Education, Minutes of the Board, 18:399.
2
Pauline V. Young, The Pilgrims of Russian-Town (Chi- cago: University of Chicago Press, 1932)
Willard Burgess Moore, Molokan Oral Tradition (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973)
Lillian Sokaloff, "The Rus- sians in Los Angeles," Studies in Sociology, 3 (March 1918)
Dana Bartlett, The Better City (Los Angeles: Nuener Press, 1909).
3
Moore, Molokan Oral Tradition, p. 9.
4
Sokaloff, "The Russians in Los Angeles," p. 10.
5
Young, Pilgrims of Russian-Town, p. 150.
6
Margaret W. Rossiter, Women Sci- entists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982), p. 65.
Mary de Garmo Bryan, The School Cafeteria (New York: F. S. Crofts and Co., 1946), pp. 1-14.
7
Minutes of the Board, 9:87.
8
Minutes of the Board, 10:161.
9
Minutes of the Board, 10:275.
10
Minutes of the Board, 11:44.
11
Selma Berrol, "Public Schools and Immigrants," Bernard J. Weiss, ed., American Education and the European Immigrant, 1840- 1940 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982), pp. 31-43.
12
Minutes, 18:336.
13
Harry F. Maidenberg, Do You Re- member: Cafes, Grills, Lunch Wagons, Tamale Wagons (Los Angeles: Harry Karstens, n.d.), pp. 3-4.
14
Robert A. Woods and Albert J. Kennedy, Handbook of Settlements (New York: Charities Publication Committee, 1911), pp. 9-11
Bart- lett, Better City, p. 229
Bessie Stod- dard, "Recreative Centers of Los Angeles, California," The Annals of the American Academy of Politics and Sciences, 35 (2):426-435.
15
Minutes, 14:359
John F. Kasson, Amus- ing the Millions: Coney Island at the Turn of the Century, (New York: Hill & Wang, 1985).
16
Los Angeles Times, November 16, 1918, 1:8
August 3, 1932,11:4.
17
Young, Pilgrims of Russian-Town, p. 230.
19
Charles W. Blanpied, compiler, A Humanitarian Study of the Coming Immigration Problem on the Pacific Coast, (San Francisco: Young Men's Christian Association, 1913)
"Mary S. Gibson Memorial," Pamphlet, Clara Bradley Burdette Papers, Huntington Library, San Marino, 1930.
20
The Commission of Immigration and Housing of California, The Home Teacher, 1916
First Annual Re- port, 1915.
21
Roy W. Cloud, Education in California (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1952), p. 102.
22
The Home Teacher, 1916, pp. 49-50.
23
Stephen L. Schloss- man, Love and the American Delin- quent: The Theory and Practice of "Progressive" Juvenile Justice, 1825- 1920 (Chicago: University of Chi- cago Press, 1977).
24
Nancy F. Cott, Bonds of Womanhood: "Woman's Sphere" in New England, 1780-1835 (New Haven: Yale Uni- versity Press, 1977)
Mary P. Ryan, Womanhood in America From Colonial Times to the Present (New York: Franklin Watts, 1983)
Mary Beth Norton, Liberty's Daughters: The Re- volutionary Experience of American Women 1750-1800 (Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1980)
Kathryn Kish Sklar, Catherine Beecher: A Study In American Domesticity (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1973)
25
George A. Jackson, "A History of Adult Education Program in the Los Angeles Public School," Un- published Doctorial Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1957, p. 92.
Minutes of the Board, 3:19
23:5.
26
Young, Pilgrims of Russian-Town, p. 156
Minutes of Board, 10:80-84
11:355
The Los Angeles Express, February 9, 1912, n.p.
27
Minutes of the Board, 11:50
9:149
17:19.
28
Ibid., 9:196-197
8:n.p.
29
Ibid., 13:259.
30
Ibid., 12:311
13:108; 376
15:345, 362.
31
Ibid., 13:31.
32
Ibid., 367.
33
Ibid., 18:126.
34
Ibid., 10:216.
35
Ibid., 14:48.
36
Ibid., 19:257.
37
Ibid., 17:18.
38
Ibid., 343.
39
Ibid., 15:42.
40
Ibid., 18:19.
41
Ibid.,14:49.
42
Los Angeles Board of Education, Ajmwfl/ Keprf 1913/14, pp. 126, 127
Jackson, "A History of Adult Education Program in the Los Angeles Public School," p. 60.
43
Minutes of the Board, 18:399
Walter Jessup and Albert Shiels, Report of the Advisory Committee of the Board of Education (Los Angeles, 1916), p. 130.
44
Report, 1913/14, p. 128.
45
Young, The Piligrims of Russian- Town, pp. 147-148.
46
Robert Fogelson, The Fragmented Metropolis, Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1967), p. 78.
47
"Los Angeles City Schools' Nationality or Racial Background Survey," Unpublished Report, March, 1938, Integration Folder available in the File Unit of the Sec- retariate Office of the Los Angeles Unified Schools.
48
David B. Tyack, The One Best Sys- tem: A History of American Urban Education (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974), pp. 241- 242.
49
Los Angeles Board of Education, "Statement Regarding use of School Buildings for Civic Centers during 1937-1938 and Requests to Eliminate Fees for Use of School Buildings.
1
Norman Graebner, "Concrete In- terests and Expansion," in Major Problems in American Foreign Policy; vol. I: to 1914, ed. by Thomas G. Paterson (Lexington, Massachu- setts: D.C. Heath and Company, 2nd. ed., 1984), pp. 262-263.
2
Sister Magdalen Coughlin, C.S.J., "Commercial Foundations of Polit- ical Interest in the Opening Pacific, 1789-1829," California Historical Quarterly XLX (1971):p. 21.
3
George M. Brooke, "The Vest Pocket War of Commodore Jones," Pacific Historical Review 31, (1962): p. 217.
4
Neal Harlow, California Conquered (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982), p. 3.
5
H.R. No. 422, Doc. 166, 27th Cong., 3rd sess., p. 46, (herein- after cited as HR).
6
Robert E. Johnson, Thence Around Cape Horn (Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, 1963), p. 6.
7
Brooke, p. 218.
8
Harlow, p. 3.
9
Ibid., p. 4.
10
HR,p. 66.
11
Johnson, pp. 62-63.
12
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California (San Francisco: The His- tory Company, Publishers, 1884), 7 vols, 4:302.
13
HR, p. 85.
14
Charles Roberts Anderson, ed., Journal of a Cruise to the Pacific Ocean, 1842-1844, in the Frigate United States (Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1937), pp. 82-83.
15
Brooke, p. 223.
16
HR,p. 68.
17
Theodore H. Hittell, History of Cali- fornia (San Francisco: N.J. Stone & Co., 1898), 4 vols, 2:319.
18
Johnson, p. 63.
19
HR, pp. 85-86.
20
Alonzo C. Jackson, The Conquest of California (New York: privately printed, 1953), p. 11.
21
HR, p. 69.
22
Brooke, p. 225.
23
Jackson, p. 12.
24
Brooke, p. 224.
25
HR, p. 41.
26
Jackson, p. 12.
27
Briton Cooper Busch, Alta Califor- nia (Glendale: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 1983), p. 326.
28
HR, p. 69.
29
G. G. Hatheway, "Commodore Jo- nes's War," History Today 16, (1966): p. 196.
30
Busch, p. 351.
31
Brooke, p. 226.
32
HR, pp. 69-71.
33
Brooke, p. 227.
34
HR, p. 76.
35
Ibid., p. 21.
36
Ibid., p. 71.
37
Jackson, p. 12.
38
Ibid., p. 14.
39
HR, p. 72.
40
Ibid., p. SI.
41
Ibid., p. 81.
42
Dudley W. Knox, A History of the United States Navy (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1936), p. 161.
43
Rueben L. Underhill, From Cow- hides to Golden Fleece (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1939), p. 80.
44
Larkin to Robert J. Walker, August 4, 1844, George P. Hammond, ed., The Larkin Papers, vol. II, 1843-1844 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1952), 10 vols, 2:182.
45
Underhill, p. 80.
46
Larkin to John C. Calhoun, August 18, 1844, Hammond, 2:205.
47
Larkin to Walker, August 4, 1844, Hammond, 2:182-183.
48
Larkin to Walker, August 4, 1844, Hammond, 2:183.
49
Larkin to James G. Bennett, Febru- ary 10, 1843, Hammond, 2:6.
50
Underhill, pp. 82-83.
51
Larkin to James G. Bennett, Febru- ary 10, 1843, Hammond, 2:9.
52
Johnson, p. 64.
53
David M. Pletcher, The Diplomacy lj Annexation (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1973), p. 100.
54
Larkin to Sec. of State, April 16, 1844, Hammond, 2:97.
55
Josiah Royce, California (Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Company, 1886), pp. 37-38.
56
John C. Jones to Larkin, November 5, 1842, Hammond 1:311.
57
Lansford W. Hastings, The Emmi- grant's Guide to Oregon and Califor- nia (n.p., 1845; reprint ed., Prince- ton: Princeton University Press, 1932), p. 123.
58
Alfred Robinson, Life in California (n.p., 1846; reprint ed., New York: Da Capo Press, 1969), p. 210.
59
W. H. Hutchinson, California (Palo Alto: American West Publishing Company, 1969), p. 98.
60
Robert Glass Cleland, From Wilder- ness to Empire (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1959), p. 98.
61
Hatheway, pp. 199-200.
62
Claude H. Hall, Abel Parker Upshur: Conservative Virginian 1790-1844 (Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1964), p. 186.
63
Paolo E. Coletta, ed., American Sec- retaries of the Navy, vol. I, 1775-1913 (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1980), p. 192.
64
Daily National Intelligencer and Washington Advertiser vol. XXXI, no. 9366, 23 Feburary 1843, p. 3.
65
Hall, pp. 186-187.
66
Norman A. Graebner, Empire on the Pacific (New York: The Ronald Press Co., 1955), p. 77.
67
Ray Allen Billington, Westward Ex- pansion (New York: The MacMillan Company, 1949), p. 562.
68
Larkin to James G. Bennett, Febru- ary 10, 1843, Hammond, 2:6.
1
Painting positively identified in letter to author from Hannah R. Adams, Registrar/Curator, Maine Historical Society, December 16, 1974.
2
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Far- rington Jones, Early California and Western Art Research
4
Gene Hailey, WPA California Art Re- search Project 1935, Vol. 4, First Series of California Art, Archives, National Museum of American Art, Smithso- nian Institution, Washington, D.C., pp. 140-1
Martha L. Mitchell, University Ar- chivist, Brown University Library, in a letter of June 14, 1985
5
Theophilus d' Estrella, "Virgil Wil- liams, Art Notes to a Deaf-Mute Pupil," The Overland Monthly, 2nd ser 9 (March 1887): 292.
6
Joshua C. Taylor, William Page, The American Titan (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957), p. 161.
7
Gordon Hendricks, Albert Bierstadt, Painter of the American West (Fort Worth, Texas: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1974), p. 38-9.
Barbara Novak, Nature and Culture, American Land- scape and Painting 1825-75 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980), pp. 203-225.
8
"Americans in Rome," Boston Even- ing Transcript, May 13,1859
9
"American Artists in Italy," The Crayon, November 1860, p. 325
10
Hendricks, p. 39.
11
Hailey, pp. 140-1.
12
B. P. Avery, "Art Beginnings on the Pacific," The Overland Monthly 1 (Au- gust 1868): 114.
13
Woodward's Gardens, Illustrated Guide & Catalogue, 1875 (San Francisco: Alta, California Book and Job Print- ing House, 1875)
14
Marjorie Dakin Arkelian, Thomas Hill: The Grand View. Catalogue (Oakland: Oakland Museum Art De- partment, 1980), p. 13.
15
Brother F. S. C. Cornelius, Keith, Old Master of California (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1942), Vol. 1, pp. 16, 36.
16
Hendricks, p. 129.
17
Ibid. p. 132.
18
Peter E. Palmquist, Carleton E. Wat- kins, Photographer of the American West (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1983), pp. 12-14.
19
"William Page Papers." Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institu- tion, Washington, D.C. Mary Page Williams to William Page, April 10, 1864.
20
Ibid.
Mary Page Williams to Emma Page, May 17,1866.
21
Boston Evening Transcript, April 25, 1866
22
Boston Evening Transcript, December 31,1867, p. 2, col. 3.
23
"Literature and Art in Boston," New York Evening Post, March 4,1868.
24
' 'William Page Papers," Emma Page to William Page, June 1869.
25
Ibid.
Mary Page Hinckley to William Page, June 2,1871.
26
Artist card, California State Library, California Section, Sacramento, December 1870.
27
San Francisco Evening Bulletin, August 15,19871.
28
Gene Hailey, pp. 116-7.
30
Jeanne Van Nostrand, First 100 Years of Painting in Califor- nia, 1775-1875 (San Francisco: John Howell-Books, 1980), pp. 73-74.
31
Letter from Jeff Gunderson, Libra- rian, Anne Bremer Memorial Li- brary, San Francisco Art Institute, July 28,1983.
32
"Minutes of the San Francisco Art Association and San Francisco School of Design," The Art Journal I (January 1875): 30.
33
Hailey, pp. 140- 1.
35
d'Estrella, p. 287.
36
Ibid., pp. 285
37
Ibid., pp. 290-291.
38
Ibid., p. 287.
40
Illustrations of Napa County, Califor- nia, with Historical Sketch (Oak- land: Smith and Elliott, 1878), p. 11.
41
Anne Roller Issler, Happier for his Presence, San Francisco and Robert Louis Stevenson (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1950), p. 46.
42
Ibid., p. 45.
44
Issler, Happier for His Presence, pp. 52-3.
45
Ibid., pp. 8-9.
46
Ibid., pp. 55-6.
47
San Francisco Call, December 19, 1886, p. 4, col. 2.
49
California Historical Society, Re- search Library, "Archibald J. Treat Papers": address before the regular meeting of the Pacific Coast Ama- teur Photographers Association, January 4,1887, by A. J. Treat on the death of Virgil Williams.
1
Ralph Kauer, "The Workingmen's Party of California," Pacific Historical Review 13 (September 1944): 278-291.
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971).
Royce D. Delmatier, Clarence F. Mc- intosh, and Earl G. Walters, The Rumble of California Politics, 1848- 1970 (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1970), pp. 70-98
Ira B. Cross, A History of the Labor Movement in California (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1935), pp. 88-129.
2
Leon Fink, Workingmen's Democracy: The Knights of Labor and American Poli- tics (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1983), p. 26.
David Montgom- ery, "To Study the People: The American Working Class," Labor History 21 (Fall 1980): 485-512.
3
Steven Hahn and Jonathan Prude, eds., The Countryside in the Age of Capitalist Transformation: Essays in the Social History of Rural America (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985), p. 3.
4
Leon Fink, Workingmen's Democracy: Eric Foner, Free Soil, Free Men, Free Labor: The Ideology of the Republican Party Before the Civil War (New York: Oxford University Press, 1970)
Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York: Oxford Uni- versity Press, 1976)
Sean Wilentz, Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788-1850 (New York: Oxford Uni- versity Press, 1984).
his book The Indispensable Enemy
5
Humboldt Times, March 26, 1864.
6
Letter Book of James Beith, January 24, 1862, p. 162. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
7
Ibid.
8
Robert A. Burchell, "Opportu- nity and the Frontier: Wealth-Hold- ing in Twenty-Six Northern Califor- nia Counties 1848-1880," Western Historical Quarterly 18 (April 1987): 177-196
Daniel A. Cornford, "Lum- ber, Labor, and Community in Hum- boldt County, California 1850-1920," Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Santa Bar- bara, 1983, pp. 37-40
Ralph Mann, After the Gold Rush: Society in Grass Valley and Nevada City, Califor- nia, 1849-1870 (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1982).
9
Alan Dawley, Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976)
Paul Faler, Mechanics and Manufacturers in the Early Indus- trial Revolution: Lynn, Massachusetts, 1780-1860 (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981)
Herbert G. Gutman, Work, Culture, and Society in Industrializing America (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976)
David Mont- gomery, Labor and the Radical Repub- licans, 1862-1872 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1967)
Edward Pessen, Most Uncommon Jacksonians: The Rad- ical Leaders of the Early Labor Move- ment (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1967)
Howard B. Rock, Artisans of the New Republic: The Tradesmen of New York City in the Age of Jefferson (New York: New York University Press, 1979)
Steven J. Ross, Workers on the Edge: Work, Lei- sure, and Politics in Industrializing Cincinnati, 1788-1890 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1985)
Nick Salvatore, Eugene V. Debs: Citizen and Socialist (Urbana: Univer- sity of Illinois Press, 1982).
10
Lynwood Carranco, Redwood Lumber Industry (San Marino: Golden West Books, 1982)
Corn- ford, "Lumber, Labor, and Commu- nity," pp. 24-106
Owen C. Coy, The Humboldt Bay Region, 1850-1875 (Los Angeles: California State Historical Association, 1929)
History of Humboldt County, California with Bio- graphical Sketches (San Francisco: W.W. Elliott & Co., 1881).
11
Humboldt Times, December 21, 1867 and January 4, 1868.
12
Ibid., November 14, 1868.
13
Humboldt Times, July 15, 1871
Northern Independent, July 13, 1871.
14
Northern Independent, August 26 and September 1, 1869.
15
Ibid., August 19, 1869.
16
Humboldt Times, March 11, 1871.
17
Ibid., April 15 and August 26,1871.
18
West Coast Signal, July 9, 1873.
19
Curtis E. Grassman, "Prologue to Progressiv- ism: Senator Stephen M. White and the California Reform Impulse, 1875-1905," (doctoral dissertation, University of California, Los Ange- les, 1970), pp. 17-22
Walton E. Bean, California: An Interpretive His- tory (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978), p. 261.
20
West Coast Signal, August 6, 1873.
21
Humboldt Times, August 30, 1873.
22
Ibid., July 5, 1873.
23
Ezra Carr, The Patrons of Husbandry on the West Coast (San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft & Co., 1875).
24
Humboldt Times, September 20,1873.
25
West Coast Signal, September 24, 1873.
26
T. J. Vivian and D. G. Waldron, Biographical Sketches of the Delegates to the Convention (San Francisco: Francis & Valentine, 1878), pp. 29-30
West Coast Signal, Sep- tember 24, 1873
Democratic Standard, January 1, 1879
Humboldt Times, October 1, 1893
Western Watchman, October 7, 1893
Nerve, October 7, 1893.
27
Humboldt Times, January 24, 1874.
28
Ibid., January 6, 1877.
29
Ibid., January 20, 1877.
30
Humboldt Standard, December 13, 1899.
31
Humboldt Times, February 10, 1877.
32
Daily Evening Signal, July 3, 1877
Humboldt Times, July 7, 1877.
33
Mendocino Democrat, March 2, 1878
Humboldt Times, July 21, 1877.
Humboldt Times, July 21 and October 13, 1877, March 2, 1878.
"Arson in California in those days was almost as common- place as murder," The Indispensable Enemy, p. 149.
34
Democratic Standard, November 3, 1877.
35
Humboldt Times, August 25, 1877.
36
Daily Evening Signal, August 18, 1877.
37
Eugene F. Fountain, The Story of Blue Lake (n.p., n.d.), vol. 3, pp. 589-592.
Howard Brett Melendy, "One Hun- dred Years of the Redwood Lumber Industry, 1850-1950," (doctoral dis- sertation, Stanford University, 1952), pp. 80-98.
Thomas R. Cox et al., This Well-Wooded Land: Ameri- cans and Their Forests from Colonial Times to the Present (Lincoln: Uni- versity of Nebraska Press, 1985), pp. 138-142.
38
San Francisco Chronicle began serializing the find- ings on October 28, 1873
Humboldt Times, November 8, 1873.
39
Humboldt Times, November 8, 1873.
40
E. B. Willis and P. K. Stockton, Debates and Proceedings of the Constitu- tional Convention, 3 vols. (Sacramento: J.D. Young, Superintendent of State Printing, 1880).
41
Humboldt Times, April 27, 1878.
42
Ibid.
43
Ibid.
44
Ibid., May 11, 1878.
45
Democratic Standard, November 23, 1878.
46
Humboldt Times, May 9, 1874
Pacific Rural Press, July 14, 1877.
47
Humboldt Times, October 21, 1876.
48
Ibid., November 18 and December 2, 1876.
49
Daily Evening Signal, March 15,1878.
50
Humboldt Times, September 22,1877.
51
Delmatier et al., Rumble of California Politics, p. 83.
52
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistics of Population of the United States at the Ninth Census, 1870 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1872), vol. 1, table 3, p. 90
Ibid., Statistics of the Popula- tion of the United States at the Tenth Census, 1880 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1883), vol. 1, table 14, p. 498.
53
Evening Star, January 17, 1877.
54
Lynwood Carranco, "The Chinese Expulsion from Humboldt County," Pacific Historical Review 30 (Novem- ber 1961): 329-340
Lynwood Car- ranco, "The Chinese in Humboldt County, California: A Study in Prej- udice," Journal of the West 12 (January 1973): 139-162.
55
Data compiled from the Manuscript Census of Population for Humboldt County, 1880.
56
Humboldt Times, June 4, 1878
Demo- cratic Standard, June 1, 1878.
57
Humboldt Times, May 11, 1878.
58
Democratic Standard, May 25, 1878.
59
Humboldt Times, July 6,1878.
Burchell, "Opportunity and the Frontier," pp. 189-190.
60
Willis and Stockton, Debates and Pro- ceedings of the Constitutional Conven- tion, vol. 2, p. 1144.
61
Democratic Standard, May 3, 1879.
62
Ibid., May 24, 1879.
63
Ibid., April 5, 1879.
64
Ibid., May 10, 1879.
65
Ibid., June 7, 1879.
66
Ibid., April 12 and June 28, 1879.
67
Ibid., July 5, 1879.
68
Democratic Standard, July 19, 1879.
69
Democratic Standard, August 16, 1879.
70
Ibid., July 5, 1879.
71
Ibid., September 6, 1879.
72
Saxton, Indispensable Enemy, p. 152.
73
Democratic Standard, March 13,1880.
74
Ibid., April 24, 1880.
75
Ibid., May 15, 1880.
76
Ibid., April 17, 1880.
77
Hum- boldt Times, May 4, 11, and 18, 1878.
Sweasey strongly defended his pro- posals in the Daily Evening Signal, June 12, 1878.
78
Areata Union, August 14, 1886.
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