Notes

Notes
1
Sherburne F. Cook, The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Univer- sity of California Press, 1976), p. 43.
2
Robert F. Heizer and Albert B. Elsas- ser, The Natural World of California Indians (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1980), pp. 210-211.
3
Paul S. Martin and Richard B. Klein, eds., Quaternary Extinctions: A Prehistoric Revolution (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1984), pp. 357-370, 451-465, passim
Paul S. Martin, "Prehistoric Overkill," in P. S. Mar- tin and H. E. Wright, Jr., eds., Pleis- tocene Extinctions: The Search for a Cause (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967), pp. 75-120
Calvin Martin, Keepers of the Game (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978), pp. 167-171
Jared M. Diamond, "The Environmentalist Myth," Na- ture, cccxxiv (1986), pp. 19-20.
4
D. Demetracopoulou Lee, "Linguis- tic Reflection of Wintu Thought," International Journal of American Lin- guistics, X (1944), 186-187
S. A. Bar- rett, "Porno Myths," Bulletin of the Public Museum of the City of Mil- waukee, XIV (Nov. 6, 1933), 51, 53, 68, 77-78, 82-83, 456, passim
Ed- ward W. Gifford and Gwendoline H. Block, Californian Indian Nights Entertainments (Glendale, Calif.: Ar- thur H. Clark, 1930), pp. 186-187, passim
Alfred L. Kroeber, Yurok Myths (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976), passim
Dorothy Demetracopoulou and Cora DuBois, "A Study of Wintu Mythology," Journal of American Folklore, XLV (1932), 404-495
Cora DuBois and Dorothy Demet- racopoulou, "Wintu Myths," Uni- versity of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, XXVIII, no. 5 (1931), passim.
5
Emil W. Haury, The Hohokam (Tuc- son: University of Arizona Press, 1976)
Michael C. Meyer, Water in the Hispanic Southwest: A Social and Legal History, 1550-1850 (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1984), p. 17
Eric Wolf, Sons of the Shaking Earth (Chicago: University of Chi- cago Press, 1962), pp. 74-76.
6
Elna Bakker, An Island Called Califor- nia (Berkeley and Los Angeles: Uni- versity of California Press, 1971), pp. 123- 133,223-227, passim
A. Starker Leopold, Wild California: Vanishing Lands, Vanishing Wildlife (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of Cal- ifornia Press, 1985), pp. 24, 26, 55- 70
S. T. Harding, Water in California (Palo Alto, Calif.: N-P Publications, 1960), pp. 4-5.
7
The World Encompassed by Sir Francis Drake (1628; n.p.: Readex Micro- point, 1966), pp. 79-80.
8
William L. Kahrl, ed., The California Water Atlas (Sacramento: Governor's Office of Planning and Research, 1979), pp. 4, 10, 12, 14, 17
Leopold, Wild California, pp. 56, 68
Raymond F. Dasmann, California's Changing Environment (San Francisco: Boyd & Fraser Publishing Co., 1981), pp. 5- 8
Bakker, An Island Called California, pp. 147-157, passim.
9
Kahrl, ed., California Water Atlas, pp. v, 1, 3-4, 6, 9.
10
Edmund Schulman, "Tree-Ring Hy- drology in Southern California," University of Arizona Laboratory of Tree-ring Research Bulletin 4 (1947)
J. M. Guinn, "A History of Calif ornia Floods and Drought," Annual Publi- cation of the Historical Society of South- ern California, I (1890)
Kahrl, ed., California Water Atlas, p. 6.
11
Ralph L. Beals and Joseph A. Hester, Jr., "A New Ecological Typology of the California Indians," in R. F. Heizer and M. A. Whipple, eds., The California Indians: A Source Book (2nd ed., Berkeley and Los Angeles: Uni- versity of California Press, 1971), pp. 73-83
Heizer and Elsasser, Natural World, pp. 10-22, 56, 57-58
Cook, Population of the California Indians, pp. 40-43.
12
A. L. Kroeber, "The Nature of Land- Holding Groups in Aboriginal Cali- fornia," in Robert F. Heizer, ed., Aboriginal California: Three Studies in Culture History (Berkeley: University of California Archaeological Research Facility, 1963), p. 111
Beals and Hes- ter, "New Ecological Typology," pp. 74-82
Heizer and Elsasser, Natural World, pp. 7, 9-10, 57-113.
13
Heizer and Elsasser, Natural World, pp. 73-75
Beals and Hester, "New Ecological Typology," p. 81
William Strong, Aboriginal Society in Southern California (1929; Banning, Calif.: Malki Museum Press, 1972), p. 38
Julian H. Steward, "Ecological As- pects of Southwestern Society," An- thropos, XXXII (1937), 89
Sidney W. Mintz, "The Role of Water in Stew- ard's Cultural Ecology," Journal of the Steward Anthropological Society, XI (Fall 1979), 25.
14
Lee, "Linguistic Reflec- tion of Wintu Thought," p. 187
B. W. Aginsky, "Population Control in the Shanel (Porno) Tribe," American Sociological Review, IV (1939), 209- 216
Heizer and Elsas- ser, Natural World, pp. 23, 26, 33-34, 211, passim.
15
Henry T. Lewis, Patterns of Indian Burning in California: Ecology and Ethnohistory (Ramona, Calif.: Ballena Press, 1973)
Lowell J. Bean and Harry W. Lawton, "Some Explana- tions for the Rise of Cultural Com- plexity in Native California with Comments on Proto-Agriculture and Agriculture," in ibid., pp. v-xlvii
Walter Ebeling, Handbook of Indian Foods and Fiber of Arid America (Berke- ley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986), p. 183
Heizer and Whipple, California In- dians, p. 22.
16
Robert F. Heizer, "Prehistoric Cen- tral California: A Problem in Histor- ical-Development Classification," University of California Archaeological Survey Report No. 41 (Berkeley: De- partment of Anthropology, Univer- sity of California, 1958), pp. 21-22
Herbert J. Spinden, "The Origin and Distribution of Agriculture in America," Proceedings of the 19th In- ternational Congress of Americanists, 1915 (Washington, D.C, 1917), pp. 269-276
Carl O. Sauer, "American Agricultural Origins: A Considera- tion of Nature and Culture," in Robert H. Lowie, ed., Essays in American Anthropology (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936), pp. 294-295
S. J. Jones, "Some Re- gional Aspects of Native California," in Heizer and Whipple, eds., Califor- nia Indians, pp. 88-89
Ebeling, Handbook of Indian Foods, pp. 167- 168.
17
Julian H. Steward, "Irrigation with- out Agriculture," Papers of the Michi- gan Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, XII (1930), 149-156
Mintz, "Role of Water in Steward's Cultural Ecology," pp. 17-32.
18
Harry W. Lawton, Philip J. Wilke, Mary DeBecker, and William M. Mason, "Agriculture Among the Paiute of Owens Valley," Journal of California Anthropology, III (Summer 1976), 13-50
Ebeling, Handbook of In- dian Foods, pp. 136-137, 151.
19
Lawton et al., "Agriculture Among the Paiute," pp. 33, 39-41.
20
Mark N. Cohen, The Food Crisis in Prehistory (New Haven: Yale Univer- sity Press, 1977).
21
Paul D. Bouey, in "Population Pres- sure and Agriculture in Owens Val- ley," Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology, I (Summer 1979), pp. 162-170
Cohen's thesis in Food Crisis.
Lawton et al, "Agriculture Among the Paiute," p. 15.
22
Lawton et al, "Agriculture Among the Paiute," pp. 41-43.
23
Edward F. Castetter and Willis H. Bell, Yuman Indian Agriculture (Al- buquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1951), pp. 1-65, 97- 130.
24
Ibid., pp. 74, 131-166, 238
Cook, Population of the California Indians, pp. 43, 46.
25
Karl A. Wittfogel, Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1957).
Donald Worsteds Rivers of Empire (New York: Pantheon, 1985), p. 32
Lawton et al, "Ag- riculture Among the Paiute," pp. 18, 37, 41, 44-45.
Ebeling, Handbook of Indian Foods, pp. 153- 154
26
Frederic Hicks, "The Influence of Agriculture on Aboriginal Socio- political Organization in the Lower Colorado River Valley," Journal of California Anthropology, I (Winter 1974), 133-144.
27
Castetter and Bell, Yuman Indian Ag- riculture, pp. 72-73
Hicks, "Influ- ence of Agriculture," pp. 137-141, passim.
28
Lawton et al., "Agriculture Among the Paiute," p. 18.
29
Heizer and Elsasser, Nat- ural World, p. 210.
1
Interview with Fitzroy E. Younge at a meeting of the Sigma Pi Phi Frater- nity, Oakland, California on May 17, 1986.
2
Interviews with Ida Jackson, Beth Pierre Wilson, Carolese Hargrave, and Ruth Acty in May, 1986, in Oak- land, California.
3
Maya Angelou, J Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (New York: Bantam Books, 1980), p. 229.
4
Interview with Byron Rumford, 1979.
5
National Association for the Ad- vancement of Colored People, West Coast Diamond Jubilee Regional Confer- ence Report (San Francisco: NAACP, March 1984), p. 29.
6
Edward France, Some Aspects of the Migration of the Negro to the San Fran- cisco Bay Area Since 1940 (San Fran- cisco: R&E Associates, 1962)
J. Harvey Kerns, "A Study of the So- cial and Economic Conditions Af- fecting the Local Negro Population of Oakland," report prepared for the Council of Social Agencies and Com- munity Chest, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
U.S. Depart- ment of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Sixteenth Census of 1950, Characteristics of the population, California Population.
7
State of Vote at Primary and General Elections (1920, 1938, 1940, and 1946).
8
Lawrence P. Crouchett, William Byron Rumford, the Life and Public Services of a California Legislator (El Cerrito, CA: Downey Place Publish- ing House, 1984), pp. 1-26.
9
Interview with Rumford, 1981.
10
Interview with Frances Albrier, Oc- tober 1983.
11
interviews with Frances Al- brier and Rumford, 1983.
12
Crouchett, p. 109
13
California, State Assembly Bills (1947 Session). (Sacramento: California State Printing Office).
Westminster School District of Orange County v. Mendez, 161 F. (2nd) 774, April 14, 1947.
14
Interviews with former patrons and political associates of Assemblyman Rumford, 1979-1986 in Oakland and Berkeley.
15
Interview with Rumford, 1980.
"Annual Message to the Legisla- ture" by Governor Earl Warren, Jour- nal of the Assembly of California, vol. 1, Regular session 1949, pp. 31-39.
16
California Legislature, Final Calendar of Legislative Business, 1949, p. 387.
17
Rumford in an interview, July, 1981.
18
Interview with Rumford, 1983.
19
Rumford's recollection, interview, 1981.
20
un- published manuscript notes pre- pared by Rumford for his antici- pated autobiography.
21
Daily Californian (Berke- ley), March 9, 1951.
23
Interview with Rumford, 1979.
24
California, State Assembly Bills (1955 Session) (Sacramento: California State Printing Office).
25
Interview with Rumford, July 1981.
26
Ibid.
27
Ibid.
28
"Statement of Governor Edmund G. Brown on Human Rights" transmit- ted to the California Legislature Thursday, February 14, 1963, Journal of the Assembly, California, vol. 1, Reg- ular Session First extra session, 1963, (Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1963), p. 625.
29
Interview with Rumford, 1983.
30
Berkeley Gazette, May 30, 1963.
interview in 1987 with Wilfred T. Us- sery, a member of CORE and a par- ticipant in the demonstration.
32
Berkeley Gazette, October 31, 1964.
33
Lewis v. Jordan, Sac. No. 7549. Cal. Ct. of App., June 3, 1964.
34
Mulkey v. Reitman, 64 A.C. 557, 565, 1966.
35
California Statement of Vote, General Election, November 3, 1964: Special Elections 1963-1964, compiled by Frank M. Jordan, Secretary of State, California (Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1964), p.25.
36
Neil Reitman et al. v. Lincoln W. Mul- key et al, No. 483 U.S. Sup. Ct., Oc- tober Term 1966.
38
Interviews with Rumford, 1983 and 1984.
39
Statement of Vote at Primary and Gen- eral Election 1968. Compiled by the Secretary of State. (Sacramento: California State Printing Office, date)
41
Interview with Donald Henry, May 1986.
1
John Galvin, The First Spanish Entry into San Francisco Bay, 1775 (San Francisco: John Howell, 1971).
2
Richard Henry Dana, Two Years Be- fore the Mast (New York: Appleton, 1899), pp. 244-248.
3
U.S. Geological Survey, Topo- graphic Sheet (1:24,000) San Fran- cisco North, rev. 1973.
4
T. Leslie Ransome, The Geology of Angel Island (University of Califor- nia, Publications of the Department of Geology, 1:7, 1894)
John A. Hussey, Fort McDowell, Angel Is- land, Marin and San Francisco Counties, California (mimeograph), National Park Service, Region IV, 1949, pp. 8-9.
5
Marshall McDonald & Associates, Report and Recommendations on Angel Island (Oakland, 1966), p. 111.
6
California Department of Parks and Recreation, Angel Island State Park: Resource Management Plan, July 1979, pp. 23-24.
7
Ibid., p. 24
Institute for the Human Environment, Angel Island State Park; a Walk from Ayala Cove to Camp Reynolds . . . (San Francisco, 1985), pp. 24-29.
8
Herbert E. Bolton, Fray Juan Crespi, (Berkeley: University of California, 1927), p. 229
Galvin, pp. 118- 120.
9
Galvin, p. 79.
10
Ibid., pp. 83-87.
11
George Vancouver, A Voyage of Dis- covery to the North Pacific and Around the World, 1791-1795, (London: Hak- luyt Society, 1984) III, pp. 1096- 1097.
12
Georg H. von Langsdorff, Voyages and Travels . . . 1803-1807, (Carlisle, Pennsylvania: George Philips, 1817), pp. 472-473, 451.
13
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California, II, p.272.
14
Frederick William Beechey, Narra- tive of a Voyage to the Pacific and Beer- ing's Strait, (Bibliotheca Australiana, XXXV) N.Y. DeCapo [1969], p. 5.
15
Auguste, Bernard du Hautcilly, Voy- age Autour du Monde . . . trans. Charles Franklin Carter, "Duhaut- Cilly's Account of California," California Historical Society Quarterly, VIII, (September 1929), p. 239.
16
Dana, pp. 244-248.
17
John W. Dwindle, Colonial History of San Francisco, (San Francisco: Towne & Bacon, 1867, addenda), pp. 188-189.
18
Ibid.
19
Bancroft, History of California, IV, p. 762.
20
Marshall McDonald Associates, p.57.
21
Ogden Hoffman, Reports of Land Cases, (San Francisco, Numa Her- bert, 1862), pp. 100-101.
22
United States v. Antonio Maria Osio, 23 Howard: United States Reports, pp. 273-278.
23
Antonio Maria Osio, [Cartas y Documentos, 1823-1853] Bancroft Library ms., Vischer to Osio 24 June 1853.
24
Bancroft, IV, p. 762.
25
Alta California, December 3, 1856.
26
Marshall McDonald Associates, p. 70.
27
Erwin N. Thompson, Historic Re- source Study: Seacoast Fortification, San Francisco Harbor, Golden Gate Na- tional Recreation Area (Denver: U.S. National Park Service, 1979), p. 45.
28
Ibid., pp. 55-59.
29
Ibid., p. 57.
Francis J. Clauss, Angel Island, Jewel of San Francisco Bay (Menlo Park: Briarcliff Press, 1982), pp. 19-24.
30
Camp Reynolds, Letters Sent, ms., National Archives, 1863.
31
Camp Reynolds, Post Orders, no. 20, May 13, 1864 and no. 26, May 30, 1864, ms., National Archives.
32
Post Orders no. 38, June 29, 1864.
33
Camp Reynolds, Post Returns, 1864- 1877, National Archives Microcopy 617/29, and Post Orders no. 38 (sic) July 21, 1864.
34
Post Orders, no. 37,29 June 1864, and 41, 31 August 1864.
35
Post Orders, no. 39, 3 August 1864 and no. 47, 23 November 1864.
36
Marin Journal (San Rafael) October 8, 1864, p. 3
Post Orders no. 49, 9 October 1864.
37
Andrews to Lt. Col. R.C Drum, 15 October 1864. Ms., Society of California Pioneers Collection.
38
Hq. Department of the Pacific, Gen- eral Orders no. 56, 8 December 1864
Post Orders no. 54,17 December 1864.
39
John P. Finley, "Discharging a Phil- ippine Army," Sunset Magazine, IX:5 (1902), p. 306.
40
Ibid., p. 308
41
D.A. Carmichael, N.V. Perry and A.L. Parsons, Report on Physical and Administrative Equipment at U.S. Quarantine Station, San Francisco, ms., carbon, [1915].
42
Hussey, pp. 34-35.
43
Anna C Toogood, The Angel Island Immigration Station [Draft for inclu- sion in GGNRA Historical Resource Study] 1979, p. 444.
44
San Francisco Chronicle, January 12, 1910.
45
Him Mark Lai, Genny Lim, and Judy Yung, Island; Poetry and History of Chinese Immigrants on Angel Island, 1910-1940, (San Francisco: Hoc Doi, 1980), p.58.
46
Estolv E. Ward, Harry Bridges on Trial, (Honolulu: ILWU, c.1940), pp. 15-17.
47
New York Times, September 18,1945, p. 12.
48
Marshall McDonald Associates, p. 98.
49
Ibid.
51
Dorene Askin, Historical Report; Angel Island Immigration Station (Sac- ramento: California Department of Parks and Recreation, 1977), p.88.
52
Fort McDowell Salute, January 14, 1944.
53
Ibid.
54
Fort McDowell Salute, September 21, 1946.
55
Hussey, op. cit.
56
Marshall McDonald Associates, op. cit., p. 140.
57
The Star Presidian, July 6,1956, p. 5.
58
Marshall McDonald Associates, p. 146.
59
Marshall McDonald Associates, pp. 147, 150.
60
Institute for the Human Environ- ment, and California Department of Parks and Recreation, Cove to Crest Trail, August 1983.
1
"Plea to Parking Authority," San Francisco Chronicle, June 30, 1961, p. 3.
2
Kathleen Norris, Noon, an Autobio- graphical Sketch (Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1925), p. 3.
Kathleen's child- hood and early life are her later memoirs, Family Gathering (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Com- pany, Inc., 1959)
Scenes of my Childhood (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1948)
"An Interview with Kathleen Norris 1956-1959," by Roland Dun- can for the Regional Cultural History Project, March 10, 13, 17, 1956, and September 21, 28, 1957, Bancroft Li- brary, University of California, Berkeley. Hereafter cited as "Inter- view with KN."
3
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 41.
4
Norris, Noon, p. 15.
5
Ibid., pp. 17, 22-23.
Max Stern, "Kathleen Norris: An Old- fashioned Woman," Author File, California State Library, Sac- ramento
Kathleen Norris, "Let's Not Forget That Word 'Security,'" Reader's Digest, September 1952, pp. 67-68
Kathleen Norris, "It's Up to the Women," Ladies Home Journal, February 7, 1932.
6
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 26.
7
Kathleen Norris, Saturday's Child (New York: Macmillan Company, 1914), p. 5.
8
Kathleen Norris, "Aux Italiens," Overland Monthly XVII (December, 1904) pp. 604-607.
9
Norris, Family Gathering, pp. 54-55.
10
Kathleen Norris papers, Bancroft Li- brary.
11
Letter from Kathleen Norris to Mrs. Austin (Grace Heggar Lewis), January 1915. Huntington Library.
12
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 58.
13
Norris, Noon, p. 27.
14
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 58.
15
Ibid., p. 59.
16
Ibid.
17
Norris, Noon, p. 27.
18
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 63
Noon, p. 27.
19
Norris, Family Gathering, p.60.
20
Ibid., pp. 63-64.
21
Kathleen Norris, "My Own Story," Good Housekeeping, June, 1923, pp. 28-29.
22
Letter from Kathleen Norris to Charles Gilman Norris, March 22, 1909. Family papers.
23
Norris, Family Gathering, pp. 69-70.
25
Norris, Noon, p. 30.
26
Ibid., p. 31.
27
Letter from Kathleen Norris to Charles Gilman Norris, October 15, 1908. Family papers.
28
Letters from Kathleen Norris to Mary Moroney Marks, April 15, 1915; May 1, 1940; April 30, 1948. Family papers.
29
Norris, Noon, p. 28.
30
Ibid., pp. 47-48.
31
Norris, Family Gathering, p. 99.
32
Norris, Noon, p. 53.
33
Ibid., p. 50.
34
Norris, Noon, p. 53.
35
Ibid., p. 54.
36
Interview with Rosemary Benet Dawson, September 17, 1979.
37
Kathleen Norris, "Mother: The Story of a Girl's Home," Ladies Home Jour- nal, June 1912, p. 7.
38
Norris, Noon, pp. 65-66.
39
Norris, Noon, p. 69.
1
J.E. Reynolds, "Introduction" in Charles Howard Shinn, Graphic De- scriptions of Pacific Coast Outlaws (Los Angeles, 1958), p. 11.
2
Hubert Howe Bancroft, Popular Trib- unals (San Francisco, 1887) Vol. I, pp. 11.
3
San Quentin Prison Registers, 1851-1880 (Sacramento, California State Archives).
5
A.B.J. Hammett, Miracle Within the Walls (Corpus Christi, 1963), p. 25.
6
Alta California May 29, 1851
7
Appendix to Senate Journal Sixth session, (Sacramento, 1855), pp. 4-6, and pp. 1-2
Appendix to Senate Journal Ninth Session (Sacramento, 1858), p. 24.
8
San Quentin Prison Drawing, 1853 (Sacramento, State Archives) and Enoch Cobb Wines and Theodore W. Dwight, Report of the Prisons and Reformatories of the United States and Canada, Made to the Legislature of New York, January, 1867 (Albany, 1867), pp. 87-95.
9
Alfred W. Taliaferro, in Appendix to Journals of Senate and Assembly, Eighteenth Session (Sacramento, 1870), I, p. 46.
10
Appen- dix to Senate Journal, Ninth Session (Sacramento, 1858), p. 6.
11
Ibid., p. 6
Alta California July 16, 1859.
12
San Quentin Daily Logs, January- November, 1856, and Prison Inspec- tors Report, 1855, in Appendix to Sen- ate Journal, Sixth Session (Sacra- mento, 1855), p. 6.
13
Blake McKelvey, American Prisons: A His- tory of Good Intentions (Montclair, NJ: 1977), p. 4.
14
San Quentin Daily Logs, January- June, 1858, and Messages of Gover- nor John B. Weller to State Legisla- ture, March 10, 1858, in Journal of the Senate, Ninth Session (Sacramento, 1858), p. 326.
15
Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (New York, 1979), pp. 104-131.
16
Alfred W. Taliaferro, in Appendix to Journals of Senate and Assembly, Eighteenth Session (Sacramento, 1870), I, p. 46.
17
Captain of the Yard, Punish- ment Books, San Quentin Prison, 1872-1880 (Sacramento, State Ar- chives)
Kenneth Lamott, Chroni- cles of San Quentin: Biography of a Prison (New York, 1961), pp. 96 and 242.
18
Alta California, July 12, 1858.
19
Alta California, July 22, 1858.
20
Appendix to Senate Journal, Sixth Session (Sac- ramento, 1855), pp., 23 and 26-28.
21
James H. Wilkins, "Evolution of a Prison," mimeographed copy (San Quentin, n.d.) p. 37.
22
Appendix to Senate Journal, Sixth Session, pp. 20-23.
23
Ap- pendix to Senate Journal, p. 26.
24
Testimony of Juana Carillo, Henry Baker, Thomas D. Johns, A. Jackson Tice, pp. 11-43
Letter from Thomas McFarland Foley, Corte Madera State Prison [sic], to Judge Elcan Heydenfeldt, San Francisco, July 6, 1854
Appendix to Senate Jour- nal, p. 11.
25
Testimony of Doctor Alfred Taliaferro, in Report of Committee . . . , 1855, Appendix to Senate Jour- nal, p. 46.
26
Appendix to the Journals of Senate and Assembly, Twenty-third Session (Sacramento, 1879), I, p. 38.
27
Appendix to Journals of Senate and Assembly, Six- teenth Session (Sacramento, 1866), II, p. 6
Appendix to Journals of Senate and Assembly, Eighteenth Session (Sacra- mento, 1870), I, p. 9
Appendix to Journals of Senate and As- sembly, Twentieth Session (Sacra- mento, 1874), II, pp. 7-8.
28
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1982-83 (Washington, D.C, 1982), pp. 27, 191-93
U.S. Bureau of the Census, Compendium of the Tenth Census, 1880 (Washington, D.C., 1883), Part I, pp. 2-3, and Part II, pp. 1693-96.
29
San Quentin Prison Registers, 1851-1880, George W. Cable, The Si- lent South (Montclair, 1969), p. 158
Mark T. Carleton, Politics and Punishment: The History of the Louisiana State Penal System (Baton Rouge, 1971), p. 6.
30
Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish, p. 267.
31
David J. Rothman, The Discovery of the Asylum: Social Order and Disorder in the New Republic (Boston, 1971), p. xv.
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