Notes

Notes
1
Walton Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco: The Story of the Union Labor Party, Big Business, and the Graft Prosecution (Berkeley, 1967), especially Chapters 1 and 2.
2
James P. Walsh, "Abe Ruef Was No Boss," California Historical Quarterly, LI (Spring, 1972): 3-16.
3
Ira B. Cross, A History of the Labor Move- ment of California (Berkeley, 1935)
Robert Edward Lee Knight, Industrial Relations in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1900-1918 (Berkeley, 1960)
Jules Tygiel, "Workingmen in San Fran- cisco, 1880-1901," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Los Angeles 1977).
4
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti- Chinese Movement in California (Berke- ley, 1971).
Tygiel, pp. 61-72.
5
Knight, 62- 95
Cross, 239-46
Tygiel, Chapter 6
Thomas W. Page, "The San Fran- cisco Labor Movement in 1901," Polit- ical Science Quarterly, 17 (December, 1901): 644-88.
6
San Francisco Bulletin, July 1, 1901.
7
Edward J. Rowell, "The Union Labor Party of San Francisco," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (Berkeley, 1937), pp.27-28.
8
San Francisco Bulletin, August 23, 1901.
9
Coast Seamen's Journal, February 15, 1893.
10
Walsh, p. 8
He argued that union membership numbered 45,000, "prac- tically all voters," and counted on 25,000 votes from organized labor (San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1912).
San Francisco Chronicle claimed that the labor vote would be even lighter than usual in 1901 because "when workingmen out on strike were pinched by lack of employment they moved to other precincts and Assem- bly Districts, thus losing their registraI tion" (October 31, 1901).
11
Voice of Labor, October 7, 1899.
Coast Sea- men's Journal, February 15, 1893, Sep- tember 22, 1894, December 28, 1898, and July 4, 1900
Organized Labor, August 18, 1900, and June 15, 1901.
12
Saxton, pp. 151-56.
13
Voice of Labor, August 14, 1897
Coast Seamen's Journal, August 8, 1897; June 14, 1899
Voice of Labor, September 10, I 1898.
14
Coast Seamen's Journal, August 21, 1901.
15
Bernard C. Cronin, Father Yorke and I the Labor Movement in San Francisco (Washington, 1943), pp. 73, 78.
16
Robert M. Robinson, "A history of teamsters in the San Francisco bay area," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (Berkeley, 1951), p. 73
Knight, pp. 81, 85
San Francisco Chronicle, August 9, 1901.
17
Coast Seamen's Journal, July 31, 1901
San Francisco Chronicle, August 17, 1901
Coast Seamen's Journal, October 30, 1901.
18
Rowell, pp. 27-28.
19
Coast Seamen's Journal, which professed favor for socialist principles, had described the local so- cialist politicians as "an overbearing set" and "ignoramuses" (February 28, 1894).
20
Bean, pp. 19-26
San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1912, and July 1, 1912.
21
San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1912.
22
San Francisco Bulletin, September 7, 1901
Bean, p. 22.
23
San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1912
Bean, p. 20.
24
Rowell, p. 44.
25
Organized Labor, June 15, 1901.
26
Tygiel, pp. 273-86.
27
Organized Labor, October 26, Novem- ber 2, 1901.
28
San Francisco Chronicle, October 22, 1901
San Francisco Chronicle, October 31, 1901.
29
Rowell, pp. 52-53.
30
Coast Seamen's Journal, November 13, 1901.
31
San Francisco Bulletin, August 25, 1901
Coast Seamen's Journal, October 10, 1901.
Rowell, pp. 46, 52- 54-
32
Bean, pp. 26-27
Coast Seamen's Journal, August 28, 1901
33
Steven Phillip Erie, "The development of class and ethnic politics in San Fran- cisco, 1870-1910: A critique of the plu- ralist interpretation," unpublished Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Los Angeles, 1975), p. 217.
34
Ruef expected between 7,000 and 8,000 of the 9,500 people who had supported the Republican Primary League to switch to the Union Labor Party (San Francisco Bulletin, June 29, 1912).
35
Rowell, p. 150.
36
Ruef claims that a careful pre-election poll indicated that three-quarters of the building tradesmen planned to vote for Schmitz (San Francisco Bulletin, July 1, 1912).
Tygiel, pp. 373-77.
38
Knight, pp. 93, 126-27, 162-64, 197, 218, 243-44.
39
Ibid., pp. 93, 126-27, 162-64, 197, 218
Bean, pp. 36-37-
40
Ray Stannard Baker, "A Corner in La- bor: What is Happening in San Fran- cisco Where Unionism Holds Undis- puted Sway," McClure's Magazine, 22 (February, 1904): 377.
41
Knight, p. 120
Rowell, pp. 102, 129- 33.
42
Baker, p. 377.
43
Knight, p. 163
Bean, p. 61.
44
Selig Perlman and Philip Taft, "The Labor Barony in San Francisco," in History of Labor in the United States, IV (New York, 1935): 75-76.
45
Erie, pp. 213-14, 217.
46
Carole Hicke, "The 1911 campaign of James Rolph, Jr., mayor of all the people," unpublished M.A. thesis (San Francisco State University, 1978)
Moses Rischin, "Sunny Jim Rolph: The First 'Mayor of All the People'," Cali- fornia Historical Quarterly, LIII (Sum- mer, 1974): 165-72.
47
Hicke, ibid.
William Issel, "Labor Radicalism, Political Economy, and Political Culture in San Francisco, 1870-1919," paper presented at the Second International Congress of North American History, Milan, Italy (June, 1979).
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