Notes

Notes
1
Thomas W. Chinn, H. Mark Lai and Philip P. Choy (eds.), A History of the Chinese in California: a Syllabus (San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America, 1969), pp. 38-41
Robert Nash, "The Chinese Shrimp Fishery of California" (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1973).
2
Interview with Frank Quan (shrimper on San Francisco Bay), January, 1979
interview with Ben Hoang (descendant of Monterey-area fishermen), September and June, 1977 and April, 1979.
Don M. Stewart, Frontier Post: a Chapter in San Diego's History (Los Angeles: Ward Ritchie Press, 1965), p. 15
3
Interview with L. Michael Axeford (archaeologist who has excavated some of the temporary camps), March and June, 1979
Jeffrey Bingham (California State Park Ar- chaeologist), "Brief History and Description (of China Camp in Marin County)" in "Application for Registration of Histor- ical Landmark," September, 1978, pp. 2-4.
5
John S. Hittell, The Commerce and Industries of the Pacific Coast of North America (San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft and Co., 1882), pp. 349-354
Arthur F. McEvoy, "In Places Men Reject: the Chinese Fishermen at San Diego, 1870-1893" (un- published manuscript, San Diego Historical Society Library and Manuscripts Collection), pp. 1-37.
The Journal of San Diego History, Vol. XXIII (Fall, 1977), pp. 12-24.
6
Chinn, Lai and Choy, Chinese in California, pp. 36-41.
7
Gladys Hansen (ed.), San Francisco: the Bay and Its Cities (New York: Hastings House, 1973), p. 291
George Brown Goode (ed.), The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. 5, Vol. 2 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887), pp. 622-626.
8
Chambers's Journal, No. 3 (January 21, 1854), Vol. 1, p. 48
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," p. 15.
10
Dorothy H. Huggins, Continuation of the Annals of San Fran- cisco (San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1939), p. 79
Chambers's Journal, Vol. 1, p. 48.
11
Nash, "Chinese Shrimp Fishery," pp. 125-127.
12
Huggins, Annals of San Francisco, p. 79.
13
Hittell, Commerce and Industries pp. 249-254
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 19-20
Philip L. Weaver, "Salt Water Fisheries of the Pacific Coast" in Overland Monthly, Vol. 20 (1892), p. 159.
United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report of the Commission for 1888 (Part XVI) (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1892), p. 21.
14
Corinne K. Hoexter, From Canton to California (New York: Four Winds Press, 1976), p. 101
William J. Courtney, San Francisco's Anti-Chinese Ordinances (San Francisco: R and E Research Associates, 1974), p. 9.
15
Chambers's journal, Vol. 1, p. 48.
16
Hoexter, Canton to California, p. 101
Courtney, Anti-Chinese Ordinances, p. 9.
17
Nash, "Chinese Shrimp Fishery," pp. 132-133.
David Starr Jordan, "The Fisheries of Califor- nia" in Overland Monthly, Vol. 20 (1892), pp. 473-474.
18
Nash, "Chinese Shrimp Fishery," pp. 133-139
Court- ney, Anti-Chinese Ordinances, p. 34.
19
Ibid.
State of California vs. Ah Chung et al (Contra Costa County Superior Court U1828), February, 1890
Habeus Corpus U914, Contra Costa County Superior Court (Ah Chowe et al for writ of habeus corpus), June, 1910.
20
Nash, "Chinese Shrimp Fishery," pp. 137-139
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 33-34
22
Ibid.
U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report, 1888, pp. 146-153.
23
Nash, pp. 138-139.
24
Ibid.
25
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 807-810
26
"Transcript of an Interview with Mr. David Chan of Lincoln Shrimp conducted by Robert A. Nash and Thomas W. Chinn with Leone Nash, January 23, 1970" in Bulletin of the Chinese Historical Society of America, Vol. 12, No. 4 (pp. 1-8) and No. 5 (pp. 6-8).
27
Hittell, Commerce and Industries, pp. 349-354 and pp. 366-367
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, p. 657, pp. 798-799, and pp. 807-810
28
Courtney, Anti-Chinese Ordinances, p. 51
Daily Alta California, October 7 and October 9, 1864.
29
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 807-809.
32
William Millis, "When Chinatown Burned" in Monterey Peninsula Herald, March 25, 1941
Herald Weekend Magazine, November 16, 1975, pp. 1-10.
33
Nash, "Chinese Shrimp Fishery," p. 22.
34
Hit- tell, Commerce and Industries, pp. 249-254
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, p. 657 and pp. 798-799.
35
letter to the author from Jack K. Yee, June, 1979.
36
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," p. 12
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 622-626
Stewart, Frontier Post, p. 17.
37
Jordan, Overland Monthly, pp. 473-74
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 17-18.
38
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 19-36.
39
Ibid., pp. 29-37
Stewart, Frontier Post, p. 17.
40
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," p. 37.
41
Stewart, Frontier Post, p. 17.
43
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 662-626.
Hittell, Commerce and Industries, pp. 349-354.
44
Jordan, Overland Monthly, p. 474
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 622-626
Hansen, San Francisco, p. 291.
Letters to the author from F. J. Frost, June and August, 1979.
45
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 622-626.
46
Hoexter, Canton to California, pp. 98-101.
47
J. P. Munro-Fraser (ed.), History of Marin County, California (Petaluma, Ca.: Charmaina Burdell Veronda, 1972 reprint of the 1880 edition), pp. 249-250.
48
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," p. 4.
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 622-626.
49
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, p. 624.
50
Nash, "The Abalone Fishery" (unpublished paper, archives of the Chinese Historical Society of Southern California).
51
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California (1860-1890), Vol. 7 (Santa Barbara: Wallace Hebberd, 1970), p. 149
52
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, p. 753.
53
Ibid., pp. 735-737.
54
Ibid.
55
Charles Graham, "The Sacramento River" in The Wave, December 19, 1896, p. 15
Goode, Fishery Indus- tries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, pp. 735-737
John Thompson, "The Settlement Geography of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, California" (unpublished PhD thesis, Stanford Uni- versity, 1957).
56
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, p. 738.
58
Chinn, Lai and Choy, Chinese in California, pp. 2-4 and pp. 66-67.
59
Munro-Fraser, Marin County, pp. 249-250.
61
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 19-20
Herald Weekend Magazine, November 16, 1975, pp. 1-10
62
Courtney, Anti-Chinese Ordinances, suggests (pp. 22-23 and p. 43)
63
Nash, thesis (hereinafter referred to simply as "Nash"), p. 293 and p. 301
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 807-810
Weaver, Overland Monthly, p. 159.
64
Bingham, "Brief History," pp. 2-4.
George Epidendio, "The Death of China Camp" in San Francisco Magazine, October, 1962, pp. 17-19 and p. 34
65
Epidendio, "Death of China Camp," pp. 17-19.
67
Nash, pp. 158-162.
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 12-24
Stewart, Frontier Post, pp. 16-17.
68
Ibid.
Epidendio, "Death of China Camp," pp. 17-19 and p. 34.
69
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego,"
Weaver, Overland Monthly, pp. 159-161.
70
Interview with Ethel Kerns, November, 1977
McEvoy, "Chinese Fishermen at San Diego," pp. 9-10
Weaver, Overland Monthly pp. 18-19
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, pp. 737-738
U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report . . . 1888, pp. 146-153.
Nash, pp. 157-158.
interview with Chew Long, June, 1978.
71
Nash, pp. 157-158.
72
interview with Howard Low, September, 1977.
73
Nash, pp. 157-158.
74
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 2, pp. 807-810.
75
Nash, pp. 165-167.
76
Liu Ling, Hua-ch'iao jen-wu chih (Los Angeles: East-West Culture Publishing Association, 1949), p. 251.
77
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, pp. 747-748
Nash, p. 18.
78
Chinn, Lai and Choy, Chinese in California, p. 41.
79
Goode, Fishery Industries, Sec. 5, Vol. 1, pp. 737-738
U.S. Commission of Fish and Fisheries, Report . . . 1888, pp. 146-153.
80
Chinn, Lai and Choy, p. 41.
Interview with Gee Guey, November, 1978.
81
Nash, pp. 134-137
State of California vs. Ah Chung et al, February 1890
Ah Chowe et al for writ of habeus cor- pus, June, 1910.
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