Notes

Notes
1
Robert H. Wiebe, "The Progressive Years, 1900-1917," in William H. Cartwright and Richard L. Watson, Jr., eds., The Reinterpretation of Ameri- can History and Culture (Washington, D.C., 1973), pp. 425-442
Arthur Mann, "The Progressive Tradition," in John Higham, ed., The Reconstruction of American History (New York, 1962), pp. 157-179.
2
Leonard Dinnerstein, The Leo Frank Case (New York, 1968).
3
Roger Daniels, The Politics of Prejudice: The Anti-Japanese Movement in California and the Struggle for Japanese Exclusion (New York, 1973), p. 131, n. 15.
4
Spencer C. Olin, Jr., California's Prodigal Sons: Hiram Johnson and the Progressives, 1911-1917 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1968), pp. 169-184.
5
George E. Mowry, The California Progressives (Berkeley, 1951), p. 221
Olin, California's Prodigal Sons, 103.
Arthur S. Link, Woodrow Wilson and the Progressive Era (New York, 1954), 75.
7
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 1-35.
8
Ibid., 36-61.
9
Ibid., 33.
10
John Higham, Send These To Me: Jews and Other Immigrants in Urban America (New York, 1975), p. 186
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 62-76.
11
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 62.
12
San Francisco Examiner, August 26, 1913
Los Angeles Examiner, August 26, 1913.
13
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 74, 82-83.
14
Ibid., 62, 83-84, 99, 107-109.
15
Ibid., 109-113.
16
Ibid., 113.
17
San Francisco Chronicle, April 21, 1915.
18
San Leandro Reporter, June 26, 1915
Oakland Tribune, June 23, 1915.
19
Los Angeles Examiner, June 22, 1915
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 51.
20
Sacramento Bee, April 22, 1915.
Bakersfield Californian, April 22, 1915
Oakland Enquirer, April 20, 1915.
21
Fresno Morning Republican, April 20, 1915.
22
Mowry, California Progressives, 43, 326.
23
Meyer Lissner to Chester H. Rowell, April 23, 1915, Chester H. Rowell Papers, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
24
Chester H. Rowell to Meyer Lissner, May 1, 1915, Rowell Papers.
25
Fresno Republican editorial on April 22, 1915
26
Franklin Hichborn, Story of the Session of the California Legis- lature of 1915 (San Francisco, 1916), pp. 174-178, 189
Olin, California's Prodigal Sons, 48-49.
Stockton Record, June 19, 1915
San Francisco Call and Post, August 18, 1915.
27
Petaluma Northern Crown, August 1915.
28
San Francisco Bulletin, August 19, 1915.
29
San Jose Mercury Herald, June 18, 1915.
30
Robert W. Daven- port, "Fremont Older in San Francisco Journalism: A Partial Biography, 1856-1917" (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Uni- versity of California, Los Angeles, 1969), pp. 323-324
Evelyn Wells, Fremont Older (New York, 1936), pp. 241-243.
31
Hiram Johnson to Theodore Roosevelt, August 19, 1914, Hiram Johnson Papers, Bancroft Library.
E. T. Earl to Johnson, March 4, 1915
Johnson to Earl, March 9, 1915
John- son to Fremont Older, September 20, 1914, March 9, 15, 24, 1915, Johnson Papers
Stockton Record, August 3, 1915
San Diego Sun, August 20, September 4, 1915
Petaluma Northern Crown, August 1915.
32
William J. Bowers, Executions in America (Lexington, Mass., 1974), pp. 6-7.
33
Journal of the Assembly During the Forty-First Session of the Legis- lature of the State of California, 1915 (Sacramento, 1915), pp. 108, 956, 1032, 1290, 1556, 1809-1811.
San Francisco Bulletin, April 1, 1915.
34
E. T. Earl to Hiram Johnson, October 20, 1915, Johnson Papers
Sacramento Bee, August 17, 1915
Los Angeles Times, August 15, 1915
San Francisco Chronicle, June 23, 1915.
35
Jacob Nieto, "[A] few words in regard to . . . a case tried in Atlanta, Georgia," n.d., Jacob Nieto Papers, Western Jewish History Center, Judah L. Magnes Museum, Berkeley.
36
Marysville Appeal, June 16, 1915.
37
Stockton Record, June 23, 1915.
38
Oakland Enquirer, April 20, August 18, 1915.
39
Oakland Tribune, June 25, 1915.
40
San Francisco Chronicle, January 3, 1915.
San Francisco Examiner, December 27, 1914.
41
American Jewish Yearbook, 1927-1928 (Philadelphia, 1928), pp. 241-246.
42
Martin Meyer, Western Jewry: An Account of the Achieve- ments of the Jews and Judaism in California (San Francisco, 1916), 9-15.
43
Cary McWilliams, A Mask for Privilege: Anti-Semitism in America (Boston, 1948), pp. 23-24
Eric F. Goldman, Rendezvous With Destiny: A History of Modern American Reform (New York, 1959), p. 143
John Higham, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (New York, 1963), pp. 160-161
Dinner- stein, Leo Frank Case, 70.
44
Higham, Send These To Me, 111-113.
Earl Raab, "'There's No City Like San Francisco:' Profile of a Jewish Community," Commentary, 10 (October 1950): 370-371.
45
Higham, Send These To Me, 164-165
Raab, "No City Like San Francisco," 372.
46
Higham, Send These To Me, 164.
47
Norton B. Stern, California Jewish History: A Descriptive Bib- liography (Glendale, Calif., 1967), p. 11.
48
Los Angeles Times, August 31, October 24, November 27, 1909.
49
Higham, Strangers in the Land, 186.
50
Lawrence H. Fuchs, The Political Behavior of American Jews (Glencoe, Ill., 1956), pp. 44-45, 50-51.
Seymour Martin Lipset and Earl Raab, The Politics of Unreason: Right-Wing Extremism in America, 1790-1970 (New York, 1970), p. 103.
51
Olin, California's Prodigal Sons, 181
Grace Larsen, "A Progres- sive in Agriculture: Harris Weinstock," Agricultural History, 32 (July 1958): 187-193
Grace Larsen and Henry E. Erdman, "Aaron Sapiro: Genius of Farm Co-operative Promotion," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 49 (September 1962), 243-247
Lawrence Arnstein, "Community Service in Califor- nia Public Health and Social Welfare," 22-24
Edna Tartaul Daniel (1964)
Otto Irving Wise to Hiram Johnson, March 14, 1917, Johnson Papers
Max Voorspan and Lloyd P. Gartner, History of the Jews of Los Angeles (Philadelphia, 1970), pp. 136-137.
52
Olin, Califor- nia's Prodigal Sons, 76-80, 105-107, 109-110, 181.
San Francisco Emanu-El, April 23, June 25, 1915
San Francisco Bulletin, April 1, 1915
Michael M. Zarchin, Glimpses of Jewish Life in San Francisco (Oakland, 1964), p. 132.
53
American Jewish Yearbook, 1914-1915 (Philadelphia, 1914), pp. 328-334
Ibid., 1915-1916 (Philadelphia, 1915), p. 341
Stern, California Jewish History, 157-159.
54
San Francisco Emanu-El, June 25, 1915.
55
Walton Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco: The Story of the Union Labor Party, Big Business, and the Graft Prosecution (Berkeley and and Los Angeles, 1967), pp. 268-286, 306-308.
56
Stephen Wise to Hiram Johnson, August 11, 1914, Johnson Papers.
57
Bean, Boss Ruef's San Francisco, 289.
58
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 53.
59
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, June 25, 1915.
60
San Francisco Emanu-El, June 4, 1915.
61
San Francisco Examiner, June 22, 1915.
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, July 2, 1915.
62
California Outlook, June 26, 1915.
63
Meyer Lissner to Chester H. Rowell, April 23, 1915, Rowell Papers.
64
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, June 25, 1915
Los Angeles Examiner, June 22, 1915.
65
San Francisco Examiner, December 27, 1914, June 22, 1915
Jacob Nieto, "[A] few words in regard to . . . a case tried in Atlanta, Georgia," n.d.
Jacob Nieto to His Excellency, the Governor of Georgia [June 1915], Nieto Papers.
66
San Francisco Chronicle, January 3, 1915.
67
Ibid., May 2, 1915.
68
Ibid.
69
San Francisco Emanu-El, May 7, 1915.
70
Marysville Appeal, June 12, 16, 1915
Oakland Enquirer, April 20, 1915
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, June 25, 1915
San Francisco Chronicle, June 23, 1915.
71
Marysville Appeal, June 16, 1915.
72
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 122-129.
73
Ibid., 129.
74
San Francisco Bulletin, June 23, 1915
Oakland Enquirer, June 22, 1915
Sac- ramento Bee, June 24, 1915
Bakersfield Californian, June 21, 1915.
San Francisco Chronicle, June 23, 1915
Oakland Tribune, June 23, 1915.
San Francisco Examiner, June 22, 1915
Los Angeles Examiner, June 22, 1915.
75
San Francisco Emanu-El, June 25, 1915
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, June 25, 1915.
76
San Francisco Examiner, June 22, 1915.
77
San Francisco Emanu-El, June 25, 1915.
78
Stockton Record, June 21, 1915.
79
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, July 2, 1915
Los Angeles Examiner, June 22, 1915
San Francisco Examiner, June 22, 1915.
80
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 139-140.
81
Los Angeles Times, August 18, 22, 1915.
82
California Outlook, September 1915.
83
Santa Rosa Republican, August 18, 1915.
84
San Francisco Bulletin, August 19, 1915.
85
Oakland Tribune, August 17, 1915.
San Francisco Examiner, August 18, 1915
Oakland Enquirer, August 17, 19, 1915
Stockton Record, August 17, 1915
Sacramento Bee, August 21, 1915
Fresno Morning Republican, August 18, 1915
Marysville Appeal, August 18, 1915
Livermore Herald, August 21, 1915
Alameda Times Star, August 18, 1915.
86
San Francisco Examiner, August 18, 1915
San Francisco Emanu-El, August 20, 1915.
87
Los Angeles B'nai B'rith Messenger, September 17, 1915.
Oakland Enquirer, August 18, 1915.
88
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 145.
89
California Outlook, September 1915.
90
Dinnerstein, Leo Frank Case, 74-75, 115-119. 129-130.
91
Mowry, California Progressives, 86-104
Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform (New York, 1955), pp. 131-173.
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