Notes

Notes
2
U.S. Congress, Senate, Reports of the Immigration Commission, Senate Doc. 633, 61 Congress, 2 Session, 1911, XXXIX, p. 68.
3
San Francisco Board of Supervisors, Municipal Reports (1876- 1877), p. 397.
4
U.S. Congress, House, Chinese Immigration, Misc. Doc. p, 45 Cong., 1 Sess., 1877, pp. 16-17.
5
Ira M. Condit, The Chinaman as We See Him (Chicago: Flem- ing H. Reveil Co., 1900), p. 36.
6
Arthur B. Stout, 'Impurity of Race, as a Cause of Decay," First Biennial Report of the State Board of Health of California for the Years 1870 and 1871 (D. W. Gelwicks, 1871), p. 71.
7
Thomas M. Logan, M.D., "The Chinese and the Social Evil Question," First Biennial Report of the State Board of Health, 1871, p. 48.
8
Condit, The Chinaman as We See Him, 21.
9
R. D. McKenzie, Oriental Exclusion: The Effect of American Immigration Laws, Regulations, and Judicial Decisions Upon the Chinese and Japanese on the American Pacific Coast (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1928), p. 31.
10
Thomas W. Chinn, ed., A History of the Chinese in California: A Syllabus (San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America, 1969), p. 22.
11
Ibid.
12
J. Marion Read and Mary E. Mathes, History of the San Fran- cisco Medical Society: 1850-1900 (San Francisco: San Francisco Medical Society, 1958), I:57.
13
Pacific Medical and Surgical Journal, 19 (June, 1876), 36-37.
14
[Workingmen's Party of California, Anti-Chinese Council], Chinatown Declared a Nuisance! (San Francisco, 1880), p. 5.
15
Municipal Reports, 1877, p. 394.
16
Ibid., 397.
17
Chinatown Declared A Nuisance, 13.
18
Ibid., 6.
19
Gunther Barth, Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States, 1850-1870 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964), p. 151.
20
"Report of Special Committee on the Condition of the Chi- nese Quarter," Municipal Reports, 1885, p. 208.
21
U.S. Congress, House, Chinese Immigration, Misc. Doc. 9, 45 Cong., 1 Sess., 1877, pp. 13-14.
22
"Mongolian Leprosy," Municipal Reports, 1885, p. 247.
23
Examination of the testimony of John L. Meares, M.D., on Oct. 24, 1876 before Joint Special Committee to Investigate Chinese Immigration, Report of the Royal Commission on Chinese Immigration: Report and Evidence (Ottawa: Order of the Royal Commission, 1885), p. 198.
24
Chinatown Declared A Nuisance, 12.
25
"Mongolian Leprosy," 234-235.
26
H. S. Orme, M.D., "Leprosy, Its Extent and Control, Origin, and Geographical Distribution," Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of California, XX (1890): 170.
27
"Mongolian Leprosy," 235.
28
Stout, "Impurity of Race, as a Cause of Decay," 71.
29
Report of the Quarantine Officer of the Port of San Francisco (San Francisco: James H. Barry, 1897), p. 15.
30
San Francisco, General Orders of the Board of Supervisors Provid- ing Regulations for the Government of the City and County of San Francisco, 1898, p. 478. Hereafter cited as San Francisco Ordi- nances.
31
Ibid., 478-479.
32
Rosebud T. Solis-Cohen, "The Exclusion of Aliens from the United States for Physical Defects," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, XXI (1947): 41.
33
San Francisco Ordinances, 1898, p. 495.
34
David Powell, "The Bubonic Plague at the Close of the Nine- teenth Century," Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of California, XXXI (1901): 42.
35
U.S. Public Health, Public Health Reports, XV (Feb. 9, 1900): 305.
36
Vernon B. Link, A History of Plague in the United States of America, Public Health Monograph No. 26, Publication No. 392 (Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office, 1955), pp. 3-4.
37
Harris, California's Medical Story, 274.
38
J. J. Kinyoun, M.D., quoted in W. H. Kellogg, M.D., "The Pathology and Bacteriology of Bubonic Plague," Transactions of the Medical Society of California, XXXI (1901): 79.
39
Harris, California's Medical Story, 275.
40
U.S. Statutes at Large, XXVI (1889-1891), ch. 51, pp. 31-32.
41
Public Health Reports, XV (May 25, 1900): 1261.
42
Ibid., May 20, 1900, p. 1259.
43
Ibid., May 29, 1900, pp. 1338-1339.
44
Ibid., June 4, 1900, p. 1409.
45
Link, A History of Plague, 5-6.
Harris, California's Medical Story, 275-276.
46
Frank Morton Todd, Eradicating Plague from San Francisco: Report of Citizens' Health Committee and an Account of Its Work (San Francisco: Murdock & Co., 1909), p. 30.
47
Link, A History of Plague, 9.
48
California State fournal of Medicine, 1 (June, 1903): 192.
49
Link, A History of Plague, 10.
50
Ibid., io-ii.
Todd, Eradicating Plague, 30.
51
Todd, Eradicating Plague, 30.
52
Link, A History of Plague, 13.
53
Ibid., p. 20.
Todd, Eradicating Plague, 54.
54
Todd, Eradicating Plague, 19-22.
Link, A History of Plague, 11.
55
U.S. Congress, Senate, Report ofthefoint Special Committee to Investigate Chinese Immigration, 44 Cong., 2 Sess., 1877, p. 646.
56
"Mongolian Leprosy," 236.
57
Examination of the testimony of Arthur B. Stout, M.D., before Joint Special Committee to Investigate Chinese Immigration, Report of the Royal Commission on Chinese Immigration, 1885, p. 311.
58
Municipal Reports, 1877, p. 398.
59
Transactions, 1901, p. 386.
"Medical School: Directory of Graduates, 1864-1921," University of California Bulletin, third series, 15:3.
60
Royal Commission, 1885, p. 224.
61
Chinn, A History of the Chinese in California, 78.
62
San Francisco Chronicle, November 20, 1881.
63
Ibid.
64
The Chinese Hospital of San Francisco (Oakland: Carruth & Carruth, 1899), p. 2.
65
"Mongolian Leprosy," 236.
66
Report of Joint Special Committee to Investigate Chinese Immigra- tion, 1877, p. 647.
67
Chinese Hospital of San Francisco, 1899, p. 2.
68
Ibid., p. 6.
69
Public Health Reports, XV (May 15, 1900): 1255.
70
Link, A History of Plague, 4.
71
T.J. Gintjee and Howard Johnson, M.D., "San Francisco's First Chinese Hospital," Modern Hospital, XXV (Oct., 1925), p. 283.
Chinese Hospital, 40th Anniversary: Chinese Hospital (Hong Kong: Wing On Shing, [1964]), p. 1.
72
Link, A History of Plague, 4-5.
73
Kinyoun, quoted in Kellogg, Transactions, 1901, p. 85.
74
Link, A History of Plague, 4.
75
Society Proceedings of the California Academy of Medicine, Occidental Medical Times, XIV (July, 1900): 226.
76
"Plague on the Pacific Coast," Journal of the American Medical Association, XLIX (Dec. 14, 1907): 2000.
Arnold Genthe and Will Irwin, Old Chinatown (New York: Mitchell Kennedy, 1913), p. 154.
77
Kinyoun, quoted in Kellogg, Transactions, 1901, p. 89.
78
San Francisco Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, A Report of the Tuberculosis Situation in San Fran- cisco Submitted to the Department of Public Health of the City and County of San Francisco (San Francisco: San Francisco Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, 1915), p. 20.
79
J. C. Geiger, M.D., Emmet E. Sappington, M.D., Roslyn C. Miller, and Hilda F. Welke, The Health of the Chinese in An American City: San Francisco (San Francisco: San Francisco De- partment of Public Health, 1939), p. 24.
80
A Report of the Tuberculosis Situation in San Francisco, 1915, p. 20.
81
J. C. Geiger, M.D., Roslyn C. Miller, Hilda F. Welke, and Eunice Gibson, The Health of the Chinese in An American City: San Francisco (San Francisco Department of Public Health, 1945), p. 5.
82
San Francisco Chinese Community Citizens' Survey and Fact- Finding Committee, Abridged Report, August 15, ig6g (San Francisco, 1969), p. 96.
83
Ibid., 99.
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