Notes

Notes
1
Neil L. Shumsky, "San Francisco's Workingmen Respond to the Modern City," California Historical Quarterly, 55 (Spring, 1976): 46-51
"The Workingmens Party in California, 1877-1882," 58-73.
Roger Olmsted, "The Chinese Must Go!" California Historical Quarterly, 50 (Sept., 1971): 285-94.
2
Charles I. Bevans, ed., Treaties and Qther International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949 (Washington, 1968-74), 6:680-84.
3
Treaties, Conventions, etc., Between China and Foreign States (Shanghai, 1908), 1:29-46, 159-64, 212-29, 238-42, 509-23, 602-23, 673-78.
4
Mary R. Coolidge, Chinese Immigration (New York, 1909), pp. 425, 501
Elmer C. Sandmeyer, The Anti-Chinese Movement in California (Urbana, Ill., 1939), p. 17.
5
Sandmeyer, Anti-Chinese Movement, 25-39
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1971), pp. 258-65
Robert McClellan, The Heathen Chinee (Columbus, Ohio, 1971), pp. 1-6
Tyler Dennett, Americans in Eastern Asia (New York, 1922), pp. 535-40
Stuart Creighton Miller, The Unwelcome Immigrant: The American Image of the Chinese, 1785- 1882 (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1969), pp. 3-15
6
Gary Pennanen, "Public Opinion and the Chinese Question, 1876-1879," Ohio History, 77 (Winter, Spring, Summer, 1968): 141.
7
Coolidge, Chinese Immigration, 96-104, 132-33
John W. Foster, American Diplomacy in the Orient (Boston, 1903), pp. 283-93.
Senate, Report No. 689, 44 Cong., 2 Sess.
Senate, Miscellaneous Document No. 20, 45 Cong., 2 Sess.
8
George F. Seward to Secretary of State Hamilton Fish, March 22, 1876, Despatches from United States Ministers to China, National Archives (hereafter cited as China Despatches).
9
Seward to Fish, June 29, 1876, ibid.
10
Seward to Fish, March 13, 1878, ibid
Coolidge, Chinese Immi- gration, 83-84, 114-16, 133-34
Pennanen, "Public Opinion," 141-43.
11
Seward to Evarts, March 22, 1878, China Despatches
House, Report No. 240, 45 Cong., 2 Sess.
12
Ibid.
13
Congressional Record, 45 Cong., 3 Sess., 791-801, 1264-76, 1299- 1316, 1383-1400, 1796-97
House, Report No. 62, 45 Cong., 3 Sess.
14
New York Times, February 24, 1879.
15
Pennanen, "Public Opinion," 143-45.
16
T. Harry Williams, ed., Hayes: The Diary of a President, 1875- 1881 (New York, 1964), pp. 187-88.
17
Ibid., 189.
18
James D. Richardson, comp., A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents (New York, 1913), 6:4466-72.
19
Williams, Hayes Diary, 192.
20
Evarts to Seward, April 23, 1879, Diplomatic Instructions of the Department of State, China, National Archives (hereafter cited as China Instructions).
21
Seward to Evarts, July 21, 1879, China Despatches.
22
Ibid.
23
Seward to Evarts, Aug. 1, 1879, ibid.
24
Denny to Angell, Aug. 10, 1880, James B. Angell Papers, Michigan Historical Collections of the University of Michigan
"James B. Angell Diaries Concerning his Service in China from 1880 to 1881" (hereafter cited as Angell Diary), 1:8, James B. Angell Papers, Michigan Historical Collections of the University of Michigan
House, Report No. 134, 45 Cong., 3 Sess.
25
Evarts to Seward, telegram, Dec. 27, 1879, China Instructions
Evarts to Seward, June 5, 1880, ibid
Seward to Evarts, Jan. 26, 1880, China Despatches
Commission to Evarts, Oct. 11, 1880, ibid.
26
George F. Seward, Chinese Immigration (New York, 1881), p. 158.
27
Seward to Davis, July 18, 1874, Despatches from United States Consuls in Shanghai, National Archives.
28
Ibid.
Seward, Chinese Immigration, v-vi, 11-13.
29
Seward to Evarts, May 6, 1880, China Despatches.
30
Angell Diary, 1:3,59.
31
James Burrill Angell, Reminiscences (New York, 1912), p. 131
Shirley W. Smith, James Burrill Angell: An American Influence (Ann Arbor, Mich., 1954), pp. 119-22
Coolidge, Chinese Immigration, 152.
32
Smith, Angell, 122-23
Coolidge, Chinese Immigration, 153.
33
Angell Diary, 1:7-11
Smith, Angell, 124-25
Brainerd Dyer, The Public Career of William M. Evarts (Berkeley, 1933), p. 222.
34
Evarts to Commission, June 7, 1880, China Instructions
Evarts to Commission, July 23, 1880, ibid.
35
Angell Diary, 1:17-18.
36
Memorandum enclosed in Commission to Evarts, Oct. 11, 1880, China Despatches
Angell Diary, 1:59-60.
37
Commission to Evarts, Oct. 23, 1880, China Despatches
Angell Diary, 1:66-67.
38
Commission to Evarts, Nov. 3, 1880, China Despatches
Angell Diary, 1:70-72.
39
Angell Diary, 1:72-75
Angell, Reminiscences, 143-45
Commis- sion to Evarts, Nov. 6, 1880, China Despatches.
40
Angell to his son (Alexis Angell), Aug. 14, 1880, and Nov. 21, 1880, James B. Angell Papers.
41
Bevans, Treaties, 6:68-87.
42
Commission to Evarts, Nov. 17, 1880, China Despatches.
43
Angell Diary, 1:80.
44
Coolidge, Chinese Immigration, 164-69.
45
Congressional Record, 47 Cong., 1 Sess., 1739.
46
Thomas C. Reeves, Gentleman Boss: The Life of Chester Alan Arthur (New York, 1975), pp. 278-79
Cooolidge, Chinese Immigration, 169-78
Senate, Executive Document No. 148, 47 Cong., 1 Sess.
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