Notes

Notes
1
Philip Babcock Gove (ed.), Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged (Springfield, Massachusetts, 1969), 2635
James A. H. Murray, Henry Bradley, W. A. Craigie, C. T. Onions (eds.), The Oxford English Dictionary (Oxford, England, 1970), XII, 299.
2
Gove (ed.), Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, 2634
Murray et al. (eds.), Oxford English Dictionary, XII, 285-94.
3
[United States, Census Bureau], Statistics of the United States... in 1860 (Washington, 1866), XVIII
[United States, Census Bureau], The Statistics of the Population of the United States in 1870 (Washington, 1872), 749
[United States, Census Bureau], Population of the United States at the Tenth Census (Washington, 1883), 51
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California (San Francisco, 1884-90), VI, 168
John S. Hittell, A History of San Francisco and Incidentally of the State of California (San Francisco, 1877), 117, 155-56
Frank Soule, John G. Gihon, and James Nisbet, Annals of San Francisco (San Francisco, 1855), 174, 176, 219, 226, 243-44, 300-301.
4
William Laird MacGregor, San Francisco, California in 1876 (Edinburgh, 1876), 21-22
San Francisco Alta Californian, November 1, 1874
San Francisco Post, July 25, 1877.
5
[United States, Department of Labor], Wages in the United States and Europe, 1870 to 1898 (Washington, 1898)
John S. Hittell, The Commerce and Industries of the Pacific Coast of North America (San Francisco, 2nd ed., 1884), 510
Clarence D. Long, Wages and Earnings in the United States, 1860-1890 (Princeton, 1960), 84.
6
Frank Roney, Diary of Life in San Francisco during 1875 and 1876, Frank Roney Papers (Ms., Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley)
Ira B. Cross, ed., Frank Roney, Irish Rebel and California Labor Leader (Berkeley, 1931), 261-317
[California, Bureau of Labor Statistics], First Biennial Report (San Francisco, 1884), 142-43
Alta, July 31, 1877
San Francisco Argonaut, August 4, 1877
San Francisco Bulletin, April 8, 1878
Bancroft, History of California, VII, 352
Ira B. Cross, A History of the Labor Movement in California (Berkeley, 1935), 63-64, 70-72.
7
[United States, Census Bureau], Tenth Census of the United States: 1880, Manuscript Population Schedules, City and County of San Francisco (Microfilm, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley)
[San Francisco, City and County, Registrar of Voters], Great Register for 1878 (San Francisco, 1878)
Robert Andrew Elgie, "The Development of San Francisco Manufacturing 1848-1880: An Analysis of Regional Locational Factors and Urban Spatial Structure" (M.A. thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1966), 101, 115
Mel Scott, The San Francisco Bay Area (Berkeley, 1959), 63
Alvin Averbach, "San Francisco's South of Market District, 1850-1950; the Emergence of a Skid Row," California Historical Quarterly, LII (Fall, 1973), 199-202.
8
[United States, Census Bureau], Tenth Census Manuscript Population Schedules
[San Francisco, Registrar of Voters], Great Register
Henry G. Langley, comp., San Francisco Directory for 1880 (San Francisco, 1880)
Averbach, "San Francisco's South of Market," 199-202.
9
Ibid.
Langley, Directory for 1876, 28
Langley, Directory for 1880, 19
John P. Young, San Francisco, the Pacific Coast Metropolis (San Francisco, 1912), I, 413-14, II, 573-75
Amelia Ransome Neville, The Fantastic City (Boston, 1932), 191
Scott, San Francisco Bay Area, 63
Averbach, "San Francisco's South of Market," 199-202.
10
[San Francisco, City and County, Health Officer], Annual Report.. .for the Year 1877 (San Francisco, 1877), 392-93.
11
Post, August 3, 6, 8, 10, 16, 20, 24, September 7, 1878
San Francisco Chronicle, November 6, 1877
"A Tin House," Unidentified Clipping in Amelia Ransome Neville, Scrap- books, VII (California Historical Society, San Francisco)
Averbach, "San Francisco's South of Market," 199-202.
12
[United States, Census Bureau], Population at the Tenth Census, 649.
13
[United States, Census Bureau], Tenth Census, Manuscript Population Schedules
[San Francisco, Registrar of Voters], Great Register.
14
[San Francisco, City and County, Board of Supervisors], Municipal Reports . . .for 1864-65 (San Francisco, 1865), 119-20, 124
[San Francisco, Board of Supervisors], Municipal Reports .. .for 1874-75, 83-84, 90
B[enjamin] E. Lloyd, Lights and Shades in San Francisco (San Francisco, 1876), 380-83.
15
Alta, August 1, 2, 1874, March 13, August 20, 22, 31, 1876, August 13, 16, 1878
Chronicle, March 7, June 29, August 6, September 5, October 8, 1878
San Francisco Call, April 11, May 13, 14, June 7, 9, 13, 15, 22, 1871
Post, March 24, July 13, 20, August 13, 20, 1877, January 12, 1878, June 19, 1879
Lloyd, Lights and Shades, 297-300
Langley, Directory for 1880, 30-34
Herbert Asbury, The Barbary Coast (New York, 1933), 150-64.
16
Lloyd, Lights and Shades, 184-85.
17
"Tar Flat," "The Potrero," and "Third Street #9," in E. G. Fitzhamon (comp.), The Streets of San Francisco, (Scrap- books, Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley)
Young, San Francisco, II, 563-64.
18
Alexander Saxton, The Indispensable Enemy, Labor and the Anti- Chinese Movement in California (Berkeley, 1971), 109-12.
19
Ibid.
20
Hittell, San Francisco, 322-23
Lloyd, Lights and Shades, 122
San Francisco Argonaut, June 2, December 22, 1877
San Francisco Illustrated Wasp, December 1, 1877, February 16, September 28, 1878
Chronicle, February 4, 1878
Call, October 29, 1878
Alameda County Executive Committee, Workingmen's Party of California, Denis Kearney and His Relations to the Workingmen's Party of California (Sacramento, n.d.), 15-16.
21
[United States, Census Bureau], Tenth Census Manuscript Population Schedules
(San Francisco, Registrar of Voters], Great Register
[San Francisco, City and County, Registrar of Voters], Annual Report. . .for 1878 (San Francisco, 1879)
Langley (comp.), Directories for 1876-1881.
22
Alameda County Executive Committee, Denis Kearney, 18, 21-22
[J. C. Stedman and R. A. Leonard], The Workingmen's Party of California. An Epitome of Its Rise and Progress (San Francisco. 1878), 8-9, 12, 61
[Geo. W. Greene (publ.)], The Labor Agitators; or, The Battle for Bread (San Francisco, n.d.), 4, 11
[Workingmen's Party of California], To the People of California (San Francisco, 1878), 3
Winfield J. Davis, History of Political Conventions in California, 366-69.
23
WPC, To the People, 3
Alameda County Executive Com- mittee, Denis Kearney, 18, 21-22
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 62
Chronicle, January 20, 25, 26, December 23, 1878
Bulletin, January 26, 1878
Alta, January 25, 26, 1878
Post, January 25, 26, 1878
Call, January 26, 1878.
24
[California, State Board of Equalization], Report for 1872-73 (Sacramento, 1873), 22-24
[United States, Census Bureau], The Wealth and Industry of the United States . . . at the Ninth Census (Washington, 1872), 346
[United States, Census Bureau], Productions of Agriculture at the Tenth Census (Wash- ington, 1883), 34-35.
25
WPC, To the People, 3
(Geo. W. Greene (publ.)], The Labor Agitators, 11
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 12
Davis, Political Conventions, 366-69
Bulletin, December 3, 1877, January 18, 1878
Call, January 25, 1878
Chronicle, December 11, 1877, January 25, February 11, 1878
Alta, January 25, 26, 1878
Post, January 25, 26, 1878.
26
[Geo. W. Greene (publ.)], The Labor Agitators, 3
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 14-15, 62
Alameda County Executive Committee, Denis Kearney, 31
[Charles Edward Pickett], Philosopher Pickett's Anti-Plundercrat Pamphlet (San Francisco, 1879), 12
Bulletin, December 3, 1877
Call, February 11, 1878
Post, February 3, 1879
Chronicle, December 3, 1877, February 3, 6, 1879
Alta, May 12, 1879
[San Francisco], Daily Illus- trated Open Letter, June 2, 1878.
27
Henry George, "The Kearney Agitation in California," Popular Science Monthly, XVII (August, 1880), 444-45
Young, San Francisco, II, 516-23.
28
[Geo. W. Greene, (publ.)], The Labor Agitators, 7-9
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 46-58
Frank Roney, Notes Regard- ing History of the Labor Movement in California, Roney Papers
Frank Roney, History of the Workingmen's Party of Cali- fornia, Roney Papers
Cross, ed., Frank Roney, 272-73, 277-81
WPC, To the People; Post, January 17-23, 1878
Call, January 17-23, 1878
Chronicle, January 17-23, 1878
Bulletin, January 17-23, 1878
Alta, January 17-23, 1878.
29
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 7, 10
[Geo. W. Greene, (publ.)], The Labor Agitators, 9-10, 22-27
Workingmen's Party of California, An Appeal from the Pacific Coast (San Francisco, [1878])
Workingmen's Party of California, Anti-Chinese Council, Investigating Committee, Chinatown Declared a Nuisance (San Francisco, 1880).
30
WPC, Chinatown Declared a Nuisance
WPC, An Appeal
[Geo. W. Greene, publ.], The Labor Agitators, 9-10
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 10-11, 14
Chronicle, September 22, 1877, January 7, 14, February 24, 1878
Bulletin, January 18, 24, February 4, 1878
Call, January 25, February 5, 11, 1878.
31
WPC, To the People
WPC, Chinatown Declared a Nuisance
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 9-11, 20-21, 38-39
[Geo. W. Greene, publ.], The Labor Agitators, 4, 10.
32
WPC, To the People
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 41-43
[Geo. W. Greene, publ.], The Labor Agitators, 5, 11, 24
Alameda County Executive Committee, Denis Kearney, 24
"We the Workingmen are Coming," Unidentified Broadside in [John W. Tilton, comp. (?)], Scrapbook of Ballots, News- paper Clippings, etc., Pertaining to the Workingmen's Party of California (California State Library, Sacramento)
"Song of the Sand-Lot," Unidentified Broadside in [Tilton, comp. (?)], Scrapbook
Chronicle, October 6, 9, November 3-5, 12, December 15, 1877
Call, November 30, 1877
Bulletin, January 18, 1878.
33
Chronicle, February 21, March 9, May 20, 1878
Call, February 11, 1878
Alta, May 18, 1878.
34
Daily Illustrated Open Letter; Call, January 4, 1878
Chronicle, January 7, 14, 16, February 25, March 19, 26, 1878.
36
"Second Annual Picnic and Excursion," Unidentified Broad- side in [Tilton, comp. (?)], Scrapbook
"The Open Letter Picnic," Unidentified Broadside in [Tilton, comp. (?)], Scrap- book
Chronicle, November 25, December 18, 19, 1877, April 8, July 16, 1878
Alta, May 18, 1878.
37
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 99
Chronicle, January 7, 14, 17, 19, 1878
Alta, January 19, 1878
Bulletin, January 19, 1878
Call, February 11, 1878
Post, August 29, 1878.
38
Alameda County Executive Committee, Denis Kearney, 19-20.
39
Call, March 25, July 1, 5, 1878, August 20, 1879
Chronicle, July 1, 5, 1878
Bulletin, July 5, 1878, January 9, 1880
Post, July 5, 1878
Alta, July 5, 1878
M. M. Marberry, The Golden Voice, a Biography of Isaac Kalloch (New York, 1947), 229-30, 237, 239-76.
40
Chronicle, November 20-31, 1877
Alta, November 20-31, 1877
Call, November 20-31, 1877
Bulletin, November 20-31, 1877
Post, November 20-31, 1877.
41
Chronicle, January 28, February 12, 1878.
42
Stedman and Leonard, The WPC, 88
Chronicle, May 13, 1878
Denis Kearney, "Open Letter Extra," Unidentified Broadside in Frank Roney Papers.
43
Hubert Howe Bancroft, Popular Tribunals (San Francisco, 1890), II, 742
Carl Brent Swisher, Motivation and Political Technique in the California Constitutional Convention, 1878-79 (Claremont, 1930), 26.
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