Notes

Notes
1
A. C. Germann, "Changing the Police—The Impossible Dream?" Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science (JCL, C, PS), LXII:416-21 (September, 1971).
2
Jerome H. Skolnick, Justice Without Trial: Law Enforcement in Democratic Society (New York, 1966)
Paul Jacobs, Prelude to Riot: A View of Urban America from the Bottom (New York, 1967).
3
Alfred E. Parker, Crime Fighter: August Vollmer (New York, 1961)
Albert Deutsch, The Trouble with Cops (New York, 1954), pp. 114-48.
Parker, a close associate of Vollmer, collaborated with him on two books: Crime and the State Police (Berkeley, 1935)
Crime, Crooks and Cops (New York and London, 1937).
Frederick L. Collins, "A Professor Who Cleaned Up A City,,, Collier's, LXXIV:12 (November 8, 1924)
Alfred E. Parker, The Berkeley Police Story (Springfield, Ill., 1972)
August Vollmer: Pioneer in Police Pro- fessionalism (Interviews conducted by Jane Howard Robinson; Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley, 1972)
Gene E. Carte, August Vollmer and the Origins of Police Professionalism (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1972)
Gene Edward Carte, "August Vollmer and the Origins of Police Profession- alism, "fournal of Police Science and Administration I. (1973), 274-81.
4
Parker, Crime Fighter, 1-37.
5
Parker, Crime Fighter, 77.
6
Parker, Crime Fighter, 41-42.
7
William McAdoo, Guarding A Great City, 3 (New York and London, 1906).
8
"The Police Problem," Harper's Weekly, XLIII:202 (December 2,1899).
9
Jacob August Riis, How the Other Half Lives (New York, 1890)
The Making of An Ameri- can (New York, 1901)
Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of the Cities (New York, 1904)
Newton D. Baker, "Law, Police and Social Problems," Atlantic Monthly, CXVI: 12-20 (July, 1915)
Jane Addams, Newer Ideals of Peace (New York and London, 1907)
Brand Whitlock, On the Enforce- ment of Law in Cities (Toledo, Ohio, 1911)
Theodore Roosevelt, "Ethnology of the Police," Munseys, XVII:395-99 (January, 1897).
10
Frank Moss, "National Danger from Police Corruption," North American Review, CLXXIII:474-75 (October, 1901)
Hugo Müinsterberg, "The Third Degree," McClures Magazine, XXIX:614-22 (October, 1907)
Hugh C. Weir, "The Menace of the Police," World To-day, XVIII:52-59,171-78, 308-13, 599-606 (January-March, 1910)
World To-day, XIX:839-45 (June-August, 1910).
12
John L. Thompson, "National Identification Bureau is IACP Pioneers' Legacy," Police Chief, XXXV:10-42 (January, 1968).
14
August Vollmer, "Police Progress in the Past Twenty-Five Years," fournal of Criminal Law and Criminology, (JCL& C), XXIV: 161-75 (May-June, 1933).
15
Berkeley Writers' Program, Berkeley: The First Seventy-Five Years, 127 (Berk- eley, 1941).
16
William Warren Ferrier, Berkeley, California: The Story of the Evolution of A Hamlet into A City of Culture and Commerce, 262-63 (Berkeley, 1933).
17
Berkeley Writers' Program, Berkeley, 123-24.
18
Parker, Crime Fighter, 43-52.
19
Parker, Crime Fighter, 53-54.
20
Parker, Crime Fighter, 54-58.
21
Parker, Crime Fighter, 69-71.
22
August Vollmer, "Revision of the Atcherly Modus Operandi System," JCL & C, X:220-74 (August, 1919).
23
Parker, Crime Fighter, 72-76.
24
Parker, Crime Fighter, 76-80.
25
August Vollmer and Albert Schneider, "The School for Police As Planned at Berkeley," JCL & C, VII:877 (March, 1917).
26
Parker, Crime Fighter, 81-85
Vollmer and Schneider, "The School for Police," 879.
27
Vollmer and Schneider, "The School for Police," 880-81.
28
August Vollmer to Cletus Howell, January 20, 1931, Vollmer MSS.
29
Parker, Crime Fighter, 88-89.
30
Parker, Crime Fighter, 99-104.
31
August Vollmer to Helen M. Rocca, November 15, 1929.
32
August Vollmer to Boris Brasol, December 27, 1930.
33
Parker, Crime Fighter, 105-19.
34
IACP, Proceedings, 1621.
35
Parker, Crime Fighter, 87.
36
Raymond B. Fosdick, American Police Systems, 310-11 (New York, 1920).
37
Parker, Crime Fighter, 123-26.
38
Parker, Crime Fighter, 122-48.
39
Jack Webb, The Badge (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1958)
Paul Jacobs, Prelude to Riot: A View of Urban America from the Bottom, 13-60 (New York, 1966).
40
Parker, Crime Fighter, 166-81.
41
Edwin H. Sutherland and C. E. Gehlke, "Crime and Punishment," in President's Research Committee on Social Trends, Recent Social Trends in the United States, vol. II:1139-45 (New York and London, 1933).
42
Vollmer, "Police Progress in the Past Twenty-Five Years," 161.
43
Edwin H. Sutherland, Principles of Criminology (3rd ed., revised), p. 256 (Chicago and Philadelphia, 1939).
44
IACP, Proceedings, 1919, pp. 32-38.
45
Kenneth N. Fortier, "The Police Culture—Its Effect on Sound Police- Community Relations," Police Chief, XXXIX:33-35 (February, 1972).
46
Charles M. Sheldon, "The New Police," Collier's, LI:22-23 (July 5, 1913).
47
Henry Bruere, "Police As Welfare Workers," American City, X:282 (March, 1914)
"The Police as Social Workers," Outlook, CVIII:861-62 (December 16, 1914).
48
IACP, Proceedings, 1913, p. 53
IACP, Proceedings 1915, pp. 66-70.
49
Fosdick, American Police Systems, 354-78
Deutsch, The Trouble With Cops, 114-48
Elisa- beth Lossing, "The Crime Prevention Work of the Berkeley Police Department," in Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck, eds., Preventing Crime: A Symposium, 237-63 (New York and London, 1936)
Spring 3100, XIII: 13 (June, 1942).
50
Minutes (copy), National Advisory Committee on Coordinating Councils, National Pro- bation Association, March 28,1936, Vollmer MSS.
51
Lossing, "The Crime Prevention Work."
52
IACP, Proceedings, 1918, pp. 16-20.
53
George B. Vold, Theoretical Criminology (New York, 1958), 75-89
Austin T. Turk, "Prospects for Theories of Criminal Behavior," JCL, C, PS, LV:454-61 (December, 1964).
54
IACP, Proceedings, 1921, pp. 77-80.
55
August Vollmer, "The Prevention and Detection of Crime As Viewed by A Police Officer," Annals, CXXV:151 (May, 1926).
56
Anthony M. Piatt, The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency (Chicago and London, 1970).
57
Lossing, "The Crime Prevention Work."
58
Lossing, "The Crime Prevention Work."
59
August Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 235 (Berkeley, 1936).
58
Lossing, "The Crime Prevention Work."
59
August Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 235 (Berkeley, 1936).
60
August Vollmer, "The Scientific Policeman," American Journal of Police Science, I:8-12 (January, 1930)
"The Scientific Policeman—Introducing A New Type of Crime Fighter," 13-13, V:15-16 (August, 1930).
61
August Vollmer to Reverend T. McAfee, February 21, 1936, Vollmer MSS.
62
Frank G. Swain to August Vollmer, November 20, 1929
C. D. Lee to August Vollmer, November 20, 1929
August Vollmer to C. D. Lee, November 30, 1929.
63
Frank G. Swain to August Vollmer, November 20, 1929
C. D. Lee to August Vollmer, November 20,1929
August Vollmer to C. D. Lee, November 30,1929.
64
August Vollmer to John G. Clark, January 9, 1935.
65
Parker, Crime Fighter, 153-58.
66
August Vollmer to John Buwalds, March 19, 1931.
67
August Vollmer to J. A. Greening, October 15, 1930.
68
August Vollmer to George Barton, October 28, 1930.
69
August Vollmer to O. W. Wilson, March 7,1936.
70
Vollmer, "Police Progress in the Past Twenty-Five Years," 164-65.
71
Vollmer, "Police Progress in the Past Twenty-Five Years," 164-65.
72
August Vollmer to Cornelius F. Cahalane, January 21, 1931.
73
August Vollmer to Cornelius F. Cahalane, January 21, 1931.
74
August Vollmer to G. T. Ragsdale, March 20, 1936.
75
Peace Officers' Association of the State of California, Proceedings, 1923, pp. 49-54.
76
Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 5.
77
Steffens, The Shame of the Cities.
78
Jerome Skolnick, The Politics of Protest; A Report Submitted byferome H. Skolnick, Director Task Force on Violent Aspects of Protest and Confrontation of the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention ofVillence, 241-92 (NewYork, 1969).
79
Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 1.
80
August Vollmer to Roy V. Sherman, February 4, 1930.
81
Municipal Police Administration, 5th ed. (Chicago, 1961), 152-53.
82
August Vollmer to W. S. Gilmore, October 25,1929
August Vollmer to C. H. Campbell, October 15,1934
August Vollmer to Roy V. Sherman, February 4,1930.
83
U.S. National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, Report on Police, No. 14 (Washington, D.C, 1931), 19.
84
Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 82.
85
Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 99-100.
86
Vollmer, The Police and Modern Society, 118.
87
August Vollmer to W. H. Anderson, October 23, 1934.
88
Vollmer and Parker, Crime and the State Police, 131.
89
August Vollmer to Reverend T. McAfee, February 21,1936.
90
"College Cop," Reader's Digest, XXXIII:99-102 (December, 1938)
"Wichita Presents Evidence for Professionalized Police Service," Police Chiefs' News Letter, V:I (February, 1938).
91
"August Vollmer—A Symbol of Values," Police, I:6-7 (1956).
92
The Challenge of Crime in A Free Society: A Report by the President's Commission on Law En- forcement and Administration offustice, 279-85 (NewYork, 1968).
93
Dan G. Pursuit, et al., eds., Police Programs for Preventing Crime and Delinquency, 4-14 (Springfield, Ill., 1972).
94
Kenneth N. Fortier, "The Police Culture—Its Effect on Sound PoUce-Community Rela- tions," Police Chief, XXXIX:33-35 (February, 1972).
95
Arthur Niederhoffer, Behind the Shield: The Police in Urban Society, 4 (Garden City, N.Y., 1967).
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