Notes

Notes
1
Seymour V. Connor, "Legal Materials as Sources of History," in American Archivist, 23: 157-65 (April, 1960).
Walter Rundell, Jr., In Pursuit of History: Research and Training in the United States, 142-46 (Norman, Oklahoma, 1970).
S. F. C. Milsom, "Theodore Frank Thomas Plucknett, 1897-1965," in Proceedings of the British Academy, 60: 516 (London, 1965)
Carl Bridenbaugh, Vexed and Troubled Englishmen, 1590-1642 (New York, 1968).
David H. Flaherty, in "An Introduction to Early American Legal History," in Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law, 32 (Chapel Hill, N. C., 1969)
2
Constitution of 1849, Article VI, and in Cal. Stats. (1850), justice of the peace, 179-88; county court, 203-05, 217, 218; court of sessions, 210, 211; probate court, 217; district court, 93-6.
William Wirt Blume, "Califor- nia Courts in Historical Perspective," in Hastings Law Journal, 22: 121-96 (November, 1970).
Owen C. Coy, Guide to the County Archives of California, 16-19 (Sacramento, 1919).
4
Coy's Guide to the County Archives of California (Sacramento, 1919)
5
Zechariah Chafee, Jr., "Colonial Courts and the Common Law," in David H. Flaherty, ed., Essays in the History of Early American Law, 82 (Chapel Hill, N. C., 1969).
6
People v. Harris, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 78.
7
State v. Jaretsky & Friedlander, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 77.
8
People v. Holliman, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 169.
Cal. Stats. (1855), 178.
9
"Affidavit," July 5, 1850, People v. —, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
10
"Complaint of A. B. Caldwell," Aug. 9, 1850, "Affidavit," Aug. 11, 1850, People v. John Doe et. al., Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
11
"Affidavit," Sept. 28, 1850, People v. Lose, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
12
Underwood v. Underwood, 8th District Court, Humboldt County, No. 3.
13
Cal. Stats. (1851), 186, 187.
14
Rhoads v. Rhoads, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 712.
15
Evans v. Evans, 2nd District Court, Lassen County, in "Transcript on Appeal," Su- preme Court, No. 2511 (966), 67.
16
Wallace v. Wallace, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 846.
17
Dixon v. Dixon, 7th District Court, Marin County, Misc. Files, No. 85.
18
Asbury v. Asbury, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 869.
19
Joseph H. Smith, ed., Colonial Justice in Western Massachusetts (1639-1702): The Pynchon Court Record, 252, 324 (Cambridge, Mass., 1961).
20
People v. Brannan et al., Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 1.
21
People v. Seymour alias Smith, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 276
6th District Court, Sacramento County, 2nd Ser., No. 1330.
People v. Vanard, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, Nos. 638, 642.
22
People v. Seymour, 6th District Court, Sacramento County, Criminal, No. 65.
23
People v. Hopkins, 6th District Court, Sacramento County, Criminal, No. 63.
Cal Stats. (1855), 76.
24
People v. Owners & Occupants of the "Shingle" House, Oct. 25, 1850, Recorder's Court, City of Sacramento.
25
People v. Scott, Aug. 11, 1850, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
26
People v. John Doe alias Wright et al., Nov. 1, 1850, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
27
People v. Barnard, Sept. 6, 1850, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
28
Shacklett v. Dollarhide, Court of First Magistrate, District of Sacramento, Territory of California, Civ. No. 46
Record-First Magistrate, Aug. 2-Nov. 6, 1849, District of Sacramento, 23, CSA.
29
Childs v. McPike & Strother, County Court—Civil, Sacramento County, No. 127
County Court Records, Civil & Criminal, Sacramento County, A, 130, CSA.
30
Hooper v. Rising Sun Mining and Trading Association, Court of First Instance, Dis- trict of Sacramento, Civ. No. 98
Record—First Magistrate, Aug. 22-Nov. 6, 1849, District of Sacramento, 50, 51, CSA
Court of First Instance, Criminal, District of Sacramento, 2, CSA.
31
Boune et al. v. Mesick et al., Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 569.
32
Ketcham v. Carman, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 321.
33
"Petition for Dissolution of a Copartnership," Dec. 6, 1849, Boune et al. v. Mesick et al., loc. cit.
34
Williams v. Sandford, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 468.
35
Morse & Stillman v. Steamer McKim, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 387
Judgment Book, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, 160, CSA.
36
Sonnichson v. Brown, et al., 8th District Court, Humboldt County, No. 5.
37
Dye v. Bayley, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 405
Dye v. Bailey & Winters, 11th District Court, El Dorado County, in "Judgment Roll," Supreme Court, No. 404 (1469).
38
Petit v. Dewey & Smith, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 381.
39
Mayor & Common Council of the City of Sacramento v. Kirk et al., (1856), 6th Dis- trict Court, Sacramento County, 2nd Ser., No. 2350.
40
Wilson & Wilson v. Lassen & Gerke, 4th District Court, San Francisco, in "Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 557 (1884).
41
Muldrow v. Norris, 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 1st Ser., No. 474.
42
Young v. Starkey et al., Superior Court of the City of San Francisco, in "Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 24 (162).
43
Fulton & White v. Dring, Superior Court of the City of San Francisco, in "Transcript of Record on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 50 (6159).
44
Lurvey v. Wells, Fargo, et al., 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 2nd Ser., No. 1024.
45
Estate of James E. Birch, Deceased, Probate Court, Sacramento County, No. 416, Vouchers File B, No.'s 6, 2, 13, 8.
46
Sacramento Valley Railroad v. Moffat et al., 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 2nd Ser., No. 2388.
47
People v. C.P.R.R. Co. et al., 14th District Court, Placer County, in "Transcript on Ap- peal," Supreme Court, No. 1494 (17220), 42.
W. N. Davis, Jr. and George Hruneni, eds., "The Company Played Rough: The Hard Side of the Big Four and the Central Pacific R. R. Co.," Sacramento County His- torical Society Golden Notes, 15 (July, 1969).
48
Butterfield v. Central Pacific Railroad Co. of Cal., 14th District Court, Placer County, in "Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court. No. 1837 (15683), 16, 17.
49
Tarbell v. Central Pacific R. R. Co., 14th District Court, Placer County, in "Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 1442 (16822), 12, 13.
50
Ibid., 24, 25.
51
Kline v. Central Pacific Railroad Company of California, 6th District Court, Sacra- mento County, in "Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 1836 (15864), 2, 8, 9.
52
Sagat & Southward v. Murray, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 335
Hampton v. Niles & Co., Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 284
Harrison v. Nathan, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 447
Peter- son v. McNulty, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 422.
Bristol v. Potter & Brown, Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 418.
53
Bedell v. Stetson & Sheldon, County Court—Civil, Humboldt County, No. 4
Cooper v. Truesdell & Janes, 8th District Court, Humboldt County, No. 43
Armstrong v. Dailey, County Court—Civil, Humboldt County, No. 22
McRae v. Titlow & Seright, County Court— Civil, Humboldt County, No. 27.
54
Hack v. Mayberry & Sullivan (1865) and Smith v. Jeter (1864), Justice of the Peace, Franklin Township, Sacramento County.
55
Jones et al. v. Hubbard, Brown & Co., Court of First Instance, District of Sacramento, Civ. No. 188
Record, First Magistrate, Aug. 2-Nov. 6, 1849, District of Sacramento, 96, ff., CSA.
56
Estate of Peter Slater, Probate Court, Sacramento County, No. 6.
57
Cal. Stats. (1850), 230.
Cal. Stats. (1850), 455.
58
People v. Potter, Dec. 12, 1850, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento City.
David L. Snyder, Negro Civil Rights in Cali- fornia: 1850 (Sacramento Book Collectors Club, Special Publication No. 10, Tamalpais Press, 1969).
59
People v. Hall, 10th District Court, Nevada County, in "Transcript on Appeal," Su- preme Court, No. 255 (7158).
60
4 Cal. Repts. (1854), 399-405.
61
Cal Stats. (1850), 221.
Cal. Stats. (1851), 424
(1852), 84
(1853), 62.
William C. Fankhauser, A Financial History of California, University of California Publications in Economics, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Berkeley, 1913), pp. 135-37, 159, 160, 199, 200.
Mr. Adams, dated San Francisco, Mar. 15, 1851, Legislative Papers LP 1:1834, CSA.
Petitions to Legislature, 1856-(2), CSA.
62
"Memorial of Richard C. Barry to State Legislature," Mar. 2, 1855, in "Petition of Harriet Barry with accompanying papers," Feb. 8, 1858, Petitions to Legislature, 1858-(26A) CSA.
H. H. Bancroft, California Inter Pocula (San Francisco, 1888), 630-33
63
"Statement of Dennis Gahagan," Apr. 3, 1854, Petitions to Legislature, 1858-(26A), CSA.
64
W. S. White, Samuel Deal, et al., to Gov. John Bigler, dated Sacramento, Apr. 8, 1852, Governor's Prison Papers, No. 733, CSA.
65
Judge Robert Hopkins, 7th District Court, Marin County, to Governor John Bigler, dated April Term, 1852, in "Proceedings in case of Pastorio, an Indian convicted in Marin County of Murder," Governor's Prison Papers, No. 679, CSA
Minutes of District Court, 1850-57, Marin County, 38, 39, 41-43, CSA.
66
Governor's Prison Papers, No. 679, CSA.
Cal. Stats. (1850), 408-10.
Cal. Stats, (i860), 196
(1863), 743.
"In the Matter of the Indian Boy Frank," Jan. 28, 1862, loc. cit.
67
Cal .Stats. (1852), 67-69
"Proceedings before B. D. Fry, Justice of the Peace, Sacramento County," May 31, 1852, and "Opinion of Murray, C. J.," in In the Matter of Carter Perkins on Habeas Corpus, Supreme Court, No. 322 (3285)
People v. Gammon, Probate Court, Sacramento County, No. 757.
Clyde A. Duniway, "Slavery in Cali- fornia After 1848," in Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1905, I: 243-48 (Washington, D.C., 1906).
68
"Petition of Daniel Blue for Guardianship," Feb. 24, 1864, People v. Gammon, Pro- bate Court, Sacramento County, No. 757.
69
Minutes, Mar. 8, 1864, Probate Court, Sacramento County, D, 252, CSA.
70
People v. Sylvis, Court of Sessions, Marin County (Apr. 19, 1852), Minutes, 1851-56, CSA.
Record Criminal, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, 123, CSA.
People v. Hall (in the Nevada County district court in 1853)
"Transcript on Appeal," Supreme Court, No. 255 (7158).
Minutes of Dis- trict Court, 1850-57, Marin County, 42, CSA.
People v. Salcido, Court of Sessions, Sacramento County, No. 174.
Cal. Stats. (1853), 305.
71
Cal. Stats. (1855), 179.
Cal. Stats. (1863), 60, 69.
The new Code of Civil Procedure (Sacramento, 1872), 493, 494
Penal Code (Sacramento, 1872), 273
James A. Fisher, "The Struggle for Negro Testimony in California, 1851-1863," in Southern California Quarterly, LI: 313-24 (December, 1969).
72
Burnett et al. v. Mayhall et al., 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 1st Ser., No. 512.
Sutter's deposition has been published in W. N. Davis, Jr., ed., "Additional Light on Sutter: A Selection of Hitherto Unpublished Sutter Items," Sacramento County Historical Society Golden Notes, 14 (January, 1968).
Lucas & Kavanaugh v. Sutter, 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 1st Ser., No. 93.
73
"Affidavit of Sutter," Dec. 7, 1857, Estate of William Daylor, Probate Court, Sacra- mento County, No. 82.
74
"Deposition of Alexander Adams," Aug. 15, 1860, Curtis v. Sutter et al., 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., 914-(126, 127).
75
Norris v. Howell, 6th District Court, Sacramento County, 2nd Ser., No. 2183.
76
Loc. cit.
77
Pomeroy v. Dennis alias Pomeroy, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 242.
78
"Answer of Jane Pomeroy," Dec. 28, 1860, Pomeroy v. Dennis alias Pomeroy; Laws of the Territory of Oregon, 1855-56, 97 (Salem, 1856).
79
Prudon v. Prudon, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 725.
80
Nugent v. Hooker, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 742
Cooke v. Hooker, 7th District Court, Old Ser., No. 623.
Hooker to Colonel Thos. Hayes, dated San Fran- cisco, Apr. 22, 1861, Military & National Guard, Jan.-Aug. 1861, Box 3, CSA.
81
Yount v. Hooker, 7th District Court, Sonoma County, Old Ser., No. 839.
Albertson v. Hooker, 7th District Court, Old Ser., No. 684
82
"Estate of Henry Gleason," Probate Court, Humboldt County, No. 58.
83
"Estate of Mary Lee," Probate Court, Sacramento County, No. 227
Sacramento Daily Union, October 22, 1853, pp. 2, 3.
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