Notes

Notes
1
Joseph R. Washington, Jr., Black Religion: The Negro and Christianity in the United States (Boston, 1964), 296.
2
San Francisco Bulletin, January 14, 1865, p. 5
Third Baptist Church, Our Sou- venir Book (San Francisco, 1967), n.p.
San Francisco Directory, 1852, p. 69 and 1852-53, pp. 20-21.
3
San Francisco Directory, 1852-65
Bethel AME Church, Centennial Celebration Bethel AME Church (San Francisco, 1952), 3-4
Bulletin, January 14, 1865, p. 5.
4
San Francisco Directory, 1852-1865
San Francisco Pacific Appeal, January 17, 1874, p. 1
AME Zion Church, The Centennial Year (San Francisco, 1952), 4
Delilah L. Beasley, The Negro Trail Blazers of California (Los Angeles, 1919), 158-159.
5
San Francisco Directory, 1852-1871.
6
Rudolph M. Lapp, "The Negro in Gold Rush California," The Journal of Negro History (JNH), XLIX (April, 1964), 84-85
William P. Humphreys, compiler, Atlas of the City and County of San Francisco (Philadelphia, 1876), 7, 10-11, 18-19.
7
Bulletin, December 21, 1861, p. 3, February 13, 1862, p. 3, March 7, 1862, p. 3, January 2, 1865, p. 3, and January 9, 1865, p. 3.
8
Pacific Appeal, September 26, 1863, p. 2.
9
Bulletin, September 23, 1862, p. 3
Pacific Appeal, October 25, 1862, November 1, 1862, p. 2, December 13, 1862, p. 2, July 11, 1863, p. 3, July 25, 1863, p. 2, and August 1, 1863, p. 2.
Horace Davis, Fifty Years of the First Unitarian Church (San Francisco, 1901), 57-63.
10
Pacific Appeal, August 15, 1863, p. 2.
Philip M. Montesano, "The Amazing Dr. Ezra Johnson," Urban West, 1 (January-February, 1968), 21-22.
11
Bulletin, December 18, 1861, p. 3
San Francisco Alta California, December 19, 1861, p. 1.
12
Pacific Appeal, October 25, 1863, p. 2, October 31, 1863, p. 4, and November 7, 1863, p. 3.
13
Bulletin, June 1, 1864, p. 3, September 19, 1864, p. 3, and September 20, 1864, p. 3.
14
Bulletin, December 10, 1864, p. 3.
15
E. Franklin Frazier, The Negro Church in America (New York, 1963), 46, 83- 86
Carter G. Woodson, The History of the Negro Church (Second edition, Wash- ington, 1945), 164-179.
16
J. Ross Browne, Report of the Debates in the Constitution of California (Wash- ington, 1850), 43, 61-75, 137-152, 33-341
Woodrow J. Hansen, The Search for Au- thority in California (Oakland, 1960), 166-174.
17
Statutes of California, 1850, p. 230
Assembly Journal, First Session, 1850, p. 1001
Senate Journal, First Session, 1850, p. 289.
18
Assembly Bill No. 57, 1851, California State Archives.
19
Lapp, "Negro Rights in Gold Rush California," California Historical Society Quarterly (CHSQ), 45 (March, 1966), 12-13
Eugene H. Berwanger, The Frontier Against Slavery (Chicago, 1967), 76.
Leon F. Litwack, North of Slavery (Phoenix ed., Chicago, 1965), 93-94
20
Proceedings of the First State Convention of Colored Citizens of the State of California (Sacramento, 1855), 14-17
Mifflin W. Gibbs, Shadow and Light (Wash- ington, 1902), 44-45, 47, 63
Lapp, "Negro in Gold Rush California," JNH, XLIX (April, 1964), 93, 95-96
"Negro Rights Activities in Gold Rush California," CHSQ, 45 (March, 1966), 7-9
"Jeremiah Sanderson: Early California Negro," JNH, 53 (October, 1968), 325.
Beasley, The Negro Trail Blazers, 54-56.
San Francisco Mirror of the Times commenced in 1856.
21
Lapp, "Negro Rights Activities in Gold Rush California," CHSQ, 45 (March, 1966), 8-17
"The Negro in Gold Rush California, JNH, XLIX (April, 1964), 94-98
Litwack, North of Slavery, 31, 49-51
Beasley, Negro Trail Blazers, 54-60
Pro- ceedings, 1856, pp. 12-13, 30, 34-35
Pacific Appeal, May 3, 1862, p. 2.
F. W. Howay, "The Negro Immigration into Van- couver Island in 1858," British Columbia Historical Quarterly, 3 (April, 1939), 101-113
Gibbs, Shadow and Light, 63.
22
San Francisco Lunar Visitor, February, 1862, p. 2
Petition to Allow Negroes to act as Witnesses in Legal Actions, Manuscript, California Historical Society Library, San Francisco.
23
Pacific Appeal, April 19, 1862, p. 2.
files of the Pacific Appeal, 1862-63
24
Berwanger, Frontier Against Slavery, 71-77
Mary R. Coolidge, Chinese Im- migration (New York, 1909), 62-64
S. W. Kung, Chinese in American Life (Seattle, 1962), 71-72
Gunther Barth, Bitter Strength: A History of the Chinese in the United States 18S0-1870 (Cambridge, Mass., 1964), 136, 144-145.
Francis A. Walker, A Compendium of the Ninth Census, June 1, 1870, (Washington, 1872), p. 12
Thomas W. Chinn, ed., A History of the Chinese in California: A Syllabus (San Francisco, 1969), 21.
25
Senate Journal, Fourteenth Session, 1863, pp. 67, 119, 131-132, 316
Assembly Journal, Fourteenth Session, 1863, pp. 312-313, 316, 336
Statutes of California, 1863, pp. 60, 69
Pacific Appeal, March 21, 1863, p. 2.
26
San Francisco Elevator, May 19, 1865, p. 3
Proceedings, 1865, pp. 15-19, 22, 26-28.
27
Statutes of California, 1880, pp. 47-48
Elevator, June 26, 1868, p. 2.
28
Elevator, November 16, 1872, p. 3.
29
files of the Bulletin, 1868-1869.
Bulletin, April 26, 1889, p. 3
30
Third Baptist Church, Our Souvenir Book
Bethel AME Church, Centennial Celebration Bethel AME Church
AME Zion Church, The Centennial Year.
31
Frazier, The Negro Church, 83.
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