Notes

Notes
1
L. E. Fredman, The Australian Ballot: The Story of an American Reform (East Lansing, 1968), 3-9.
2
San Francisco Bulletin, Sept. 29, 1877.
3
Cole to Olive Cole, Oct. 26, 1886, Cornelius Cole Papers, Library, University of Cali- fornia, Los Angeles.
4
San Francisco Bulletin, Aug. 23, 1877
Los Angeles Herald, Oct. 24, 1886.
5
Henry George, "Money in Elections," North American Review, CXXXV (1883), 201-211
Charles A. Barker, Henry George (New York, 1955), 536.
6
J. J. McCook, "The Alarming Proportion of Venal Voters," The Forum, XIV (1892), 1
Allen Thorndike Rice, "Recent Reforms in Balloting," The North Ameri- can Review, CXVIII (1886), 628-642.
7
John W. Caughey, Califor- nia (2nd ed., Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1953)
Andrew F. Rolle, California (New York, 1963)
Ralph J. Roske, Everyman's Eden: A History of California (New York, 1968)
Walton Bean, California: An Interpretive History (New York, 1968)
8
Franklin Hichborn, "California Politics, 1891-1939," p. 141
John R. Haynes Papers, Library, University of California, Los Angeles; Barker, Henry George, 244, 605.
Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774-1961 (Washington, D. C., 1961), 1254.
9
Anne W. Lane and Louise Herrick Wall, eds., The Letters of Franklin K. Lane (Boston, 1922), 17-18.
10
John H. Wigmore, The Australian Ballot System as Embodied in the Legisla- tion of Various Countries (2nd ed.; Boston, 1889), 203, iii.
11
Lane to Wigmore, Sept. 20, 1888 and Feb. 17, 1889, in Lane and Wall, eds., The Letters of Franklin K. Lane, 20, 22-23.
12
Ira Cross, History of the Labor Movement in California (Berkeley, 1935), 177, 204
Fifth Biennial Report, California Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1891-1892 (Sacra- mento, 1893), 40.
13
Lane and Wall, eds., The Letters of Franklin K. Lane, 22
Sacramento Record- Union, Feb. 5 and Mar. 1,1889.
14
AB 153, introduced by John Davis of Placer
AB 199, by D. A. Ostrom of Yuba and Sutter
AB 233 and 579, by E. C. Tully of San Benito.
15
Journal of the Assembly of the State of California (hereafter cited as J A), 28 sess., 1889, pp. 493, 612, 648, 680-681, 701
Wigmore, The Australian Ballot System, 42-43.
16
Joseph B. Bishop, "The Secret Ballot in Thirty-three States," 592
Wigmore, The Australian Ballot System, 42.
17
Lane to Wigmore, Feb. 17, 1889, in Lane and Wall, eds., The Letters of Frank- lin K. Lane, 23
Sacramento Record-Union, Mar. 6,1889.
18
Bishop, "The Australian Ballot in Thirty-three States," 592
Edith Dobie, The Political Career of Stephen Mallory White (Stanford, 1927), 126
Winfield Davis, History of Political Conventions (Sacramento, 1893), 267.
19
San Francisco Examiner, Sept. 6 and 13, 1890
San Francisco Call, Sept. 13, 1890.
20
Harold U. Faulkner, Politics, Reform and Expansion (New York, 1959), 110-111.
21
San Francisco Examiner, Sept. 29, 1890.
22
Fuhrman's career is treated in Cross, History of the Labor Movement in Cali- fornia
Cator's in Harold E. Taggart, "Thomas Vincent Cator," California Historical Society Quarterly, XXVII (1948), 311-318
XXVIII (1949), 47-55.
23
San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco Call, and San Francisco Bulletin, Oct. 7, 1890.
24
San Francisco Examiner, Oct. 13, 1890.
25
E. W. Thurman to Markham, Oct. 17, 1890, Henry H. Markham Papers, Hun- tington Library
San Francisco Call, Oct. 25,1890.
26
California Blue Book, ipij (Sacramento, 1915), 241
San Francisco Examiner, Dec. 22, 1890.
Dobie, The Political Career of Stephen Mallory White, 106, 124
White to W. J. Tinnin, Nov. 14, 1890
White to A. F. Jones, Nov. 19, 1890, Stephen M. White Papers, Stanford University Library.
27
San Francisco Examiner, Dec. 20, 1890
San Francisco Alta California, Jan. 7, 1891.
28
Democratic central committee's Arms-Britt bill as AB 3, SB 8
Dibble's bill as AB 2
Gould-Goucher bill as AB 27, SB 57.
JA, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 30, 32
Journal of the Senate of the State of California (hereafter cited as /S), 29 sess., 1891, PP- 33, 39, 45.
29
Fredman, The Australian Ballot, 10, 50.
AB 29 is found in Drawer 2003, Legislative Bill File Record Group (here- after cited as DR 2003 LBFRG), California State Archives.
30
AB 3,1891, DR 2003, LBFRG
San Francisco Examiner, Jan. 11,1891.
31
AB 27 and AB 2, 1891, DR 2003, LBFRG
San Francisco Alta California, Jan. 8, 1891.
32
San Francisco Call, Jan. 29, 1891
JS, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 279-280
San Francisco Examiner, Feb. 5, 1891.
33
JS, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 427, 454, 478-479, 521
Sacramento Record-Union, Feb. 13, 1891
San Francisco Call, Feb. 8 and 25,1891.
34
J A, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 466-467
San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco Call, Sacramento Record-Union, Feb. 20, 1891.
35
Sacramento Record-Union, Feb. 26, 1891
San Francisco Call, Feb. 21, 1891
San Francisco Examiner, Feb. 26, 1891.
36
Martin Kelly, "Martin Kelly's Story," ed., James H. Wilkins, San Francisco Bulletin, Sept. 17, 1917.
Alexander Callow, "The Legislature of a Thousand Scandals," Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, XXXIX (1957), 342-344.
37
JS, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 701, 773-774.806.
38
San Francisco Examiner, Mar. 5, 1891
Callow, "The Legislature of a Thousand Scandals," 344-346.
39
JA, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 574,616,635.
41
San Francisco Examiner, Mar. 3 and 4,1891.
42
San Francisco Chronicle published by Michael DeYoung.
43
San Francisco Examiner, Mar. 7, 1891.
44
J A, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 677-678, 681-682
San Francisco Examiner, Los Angeles Times, Sacramento Record-Union, Mar. 8,1891.
45
T. W. H. Shanahan to Stephen M. White, Mar. 15,1891, White papers.
46
JA, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 685-687, 696-697
JS, 29 sess., 1891, pp. 702-703
San Fran- cisco Examiner, Sacramento Record-Union, Mar. 9, 1891
Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Alta California, Mar. 12, 1891.
47
Statutes of California, 1891, 165-178.
Bishop, "The Secret Ballot in Thirty-three States," 596
Eaton v. Brown (1892), 96 Cal 371.
48
Eric F. Petersen, "End of an Era: California's Guberna- torial Election of 1894," Pacific Historical Review, XXXVIII (1969), 146
John P. Young, San Francisco: A History of the Pacific Coast Metropolis, II (San Francisco, n.d.), 706
San Francisco Examiner, Aug. 10,1899.
49
Spencer Olin, California's Prodigal Sons: Hiram Johnson and the Progressives, 1911-1917 (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1968), 2.
George Mowry, The Califor- nia Progressives (Berkeley, 1951), 16-20
Matthew Josephson, The Robber Barons (New York, 1934), 228.
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