Notes

Notes
1
Allen F. Davis, Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements and the Pro- gressive Movement 1890-1914 (New York, 1967), 157
Richard Hofstadter, The Age of Reform (New York, 1955), 177, 181-6
Elmer E. Cornwell, Jr., "Bosses, Machines, and Ethnic Groups," The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 353 (May, 1964), 28-9
Arthur Mann, La Guardia Comes To Power: 1933 (Philadelphia, 1965), 40, 46-59
Alexander B. Callow, Jr., The Tweed Ring (New York, 1969), pp. 262-3
William V. Shannon, "The Age of the Bosses," American Heritage, XX (June, 1969), 27-31.
2
Hofstadter, Age of Reform, 174-5
William L. Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany Hall (New York, 1963), 82-3
Alfred Connable and Edward Silberfarb, Tigers of Tammany: Nine Men Who Ran New York (New York, 1967), 198, 218
Callow, Tweed, 78
Lincoln Steffens, Autobiography (New York, 1931), 236.
3
Callow, Tweed, 166
Hofstadter, Age of Reform, 174-5.
4
Lyle W. Dorsett, The Pendergast Machine (New York, 1968), p. 87
Callow, Tweed, 102-5, 116-20.
5
Connable and Silberfarb, Tigers of Tammany, 211, 216-7, 182-3, 199
Callow, Tweed, 212-3.
6
Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City (2d ed.; Cam- bridge, Mass., 1970), 224-8
Charles F. Murphy, "A Tribute to Plunkitt. . . ." in Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany, xxvi.
7
"Chicago's Daley: How to Run a City," Newsweek, LXXVII (April 5, 1971), 82
Dorsett, Pendergast Machine, 121-4
Callow, Tweed, 208-11
Connable and Silber- farb, Tigers of Tammany, 211.
8
Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany, 90-3
Callow, Tweed, 291
Humbert S. Nelli, "John Powers and the Italians: Politics in A Chicago Ward, 1896-1921," The Journal of American History, LVII (June, 1970), 74.
9
Nancy Joan Weiss, Charles Francis Murphy, 1858-1924: Respectability and Responsibility in Tammany Politics (Northampton, Mass., 1968), 5, 8-14
Dorsett, Pendergast Machine, 4-21
Riordon, Plunkitt of Tammany, 90
Matthew and Hannah Josephson, Al Smith: Hero of the Cities (Boston, 1969), 146-7
Thomas J. Fleming, ' "I Am The Law",' American Heritage, XX (June, 1969), 33-4, 37.
10
Edward M. Levine, The Irish and Irish Politicians (Notre Dame, 1966), 101-7
Glazer and Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot, 227-9.
11
Weiss, Charles Francis Murphy, 55-9
Josephson, Al Smith, 149-51.
12
San Francisco Call, Oct. 14, 1906, 29, 33
San Francisco Examiner, Oct. 3, 1907, 3
Chief Justice William H. Beatty to C. K. McClatchy in Sacramento Bee, April 29, 1908, 9
The People v. Eugene E. Schmitz (1907-08), 7 California Appellate Reports, 373
Verne A. Stadtmen, ed., The Centennial Record of the University of California (Berkeley, 1967), 137
San Francisco Chronicle, Jan. 5, 1903, 1
Jan. 12, 1908, 17
Abraham Ruef, "The Road I Traveled: An Autobiographic Account of my Career from University to Prison with an Intimate Recital of the Corrupt Alliance between Big Business and Politics in San Francisco," San Francisco Bulletin, July 15, 1912, 8
July 16, 8
July 29, 8
July 31, 10
Aug. 10, 13
Bulletin, Jan. 4, 1903, 25.
13
Ruef, "The Road I Traveled," Bulletin, June 10, 1912, 12
July 22, 8
Bulletin, Oct. 15, 1906, 6
Call, Oct. 14, 1906, 29.
14
Ruef, "The Road I Traveled," Bulletin, June 18-20, 1912, each on 12.
15
Walton Bean, Boss Ruefs San Francisco: The Story of The Union Labor Party, Big Business, And The Graft Prosecution (Berkeley, 1968), viii, 20-7.
16
Robert E. L. Knight, Industrial Relations in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1900- 1918 (Berkeley, 1960), 59, 89, 98-9.
17
San Francisco Leader, Oct. 3, 1903, 8
United States Census Office, Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900 (Washington: 1901), I, 738-9, 868, 876-7, 884-5, 892-3, 900-1, 904-5
United States Department of Commerce and Labor, Bureau of the Census, Religious Bodies, 1906 (Washington, 1910), pt. I, 209-300
James P. Walsh, "Regent Peter C. Yorke and the University of California, 1900-1912" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, 1970), 30-4.
18
Levine, Irish and Irish Politicians, 146-55
Callow, Tweed, 121-2
Mike Royko, "Hizzoner," Playboy, 18 (Mar., 1971), 165.
19
Bean, Ruef, 61-3.
20
Ruef, "The Road I Traveled," Bulletin, July 29, 1912, 8
July 31, 10
Aug. 10, 13.
21
Leader, Feb. 1, 1908, 1
Berkeley Daily Gazette, Jan. 21, 1908, 1
Feb. 22, 4
Nov. 20, 7
Monroe E. Deutsch, ed., The Abundant Life (Berkeley, 1943), 307
Beverly L. Hodghead, "The General Features of the Berkeley Charter," a speech delivered to the League of California Municipalities, Sept. 21, 1009, 4, 7, Doe Library, University of California, Berkeley.
22
Steffens, Autobiography, 557
Steffens, "William J. Burns, Intriguer: The Keenest of Detectives and the Story of His Hardest Job," American Magazine, LXV (April, 1908), 617-20
Francis J. Heney, "Parts of the Story of the Prosecution," The Liberator, July 24, 1909, 3-4
H. M. Owens to San Francisco supervisors in Bulletin, July 27, 1907, 2
Text of supervisors' confessions to Grand Jury in Call, April 26, 1907, 17-22
Fremont Older, My Own Story (New York, 1926), 96-8.
23
Franklin Hichborn, uThe System," as Uncovered by the San Francisco Graft Prosecution (San Francisco, 1915), 230-3, n., 249.
24
Examiner, July 30, 1907, 1,2
Bulletin, July 27, 1907, 1, 2.
25
William H. Langdon, "The Story of the Great Struggle," Cosmopolitan Magazine, XLIII (Aug., 1907), 440
Older, My Own Story, 80
Heney, "Parts of the Story," The Liberator, July 17, 1909, 3-4
Joseph J. Dwyer, "The Liberating of San Francisco: A Review of the Battle," Cosmopolitan Magazine, XLIII (Aug., 1907), 442-4
Bean, Ruef, 40-57
Bulletin, March 17, 1908, 1, 2.
26
Who's Who In America, 1908-1909 (Chicago, ?), 1860-1
Who's Who In America, 1914-1915, 2306-7
Steffens, a participant, referred to the San Francisco graft prosecution as "Rudolph Spreckels's" and failed even to mention Langdon, Autobiography, 552-60
Berkeley Daily Gazette, Feb. 15, 1908, 4.
27
Leader, Jan. 11, 1902, 1
Oct. 22, 1904, 8
June 22, 1907, 1
Jan. 11, 1908, 1
Mar. 14, 1908, 1
Jan. 16, 1909, 4
Mar. 14, 1908, 4
Knight, Industrial Relations, 220.
28
Moynihan, "When the Irish Ran New York," The Reporter, 24 (June 8, 1961),32.
29
Bean, Ruef, vii, 315-6, 226-7.
Bruce Bliven, "The Boodling Boss and the Musical Mayor," Ameri- can Heritage, XI (Dec, 1959), 8-11, 100-4.
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