Alonzo Phelps, Contempo- rary Biography of California's Representative Men (San Francisco, 1882), II, 337-47
W. F. Swasey, The Early Days and Men of California (Oakland, 1891), pp. 291-97
Frank Morton Todd, A Romance of Insurance (San Francisco: Fireman's Fund Insurance Company, 1929), pp. 291-97
The Bay of San Francisco (Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1892), p. 386
San Jose Pioneer, May 15, 1900, p. 76
Obituary Notices of the Society of California Pioneers (bound typewritten MSS), VII, 195-98.
Boston Evening Traveler, April 17, 1849.
C. W. Haskins, The Argonauts of California (New York, 1890), p. 397.
Kimball Web- ster, in The Gold Seekers of '49 (Manchester, N. H.: Standard Book Company, 1917.)
Op. cit., p. 31.
Frederic Logan Paxson, History of the American Frontier (Boston and N. Y.: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1924, p. 338.
Frémont's Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-44 (Washington, 1845), printed as 28th Cong., 2d sess., S. Doc. 174, and also as H. Doc. 166
Henry R. Wagner (Charles L. Camp, ed.), The Plains and the Rockies (San Francisco: Grabhorn Press, 1937), p. 89.
Fremont, op. cit., p. 13.
Paxson, op. cit., p. 338.
Edwin Bryant, What I Saw in California: Being the Journal of a Tour ... in the Years 1846, 1847 (New York, 1848), p. 94.
Isaac Jones Wistar, Autobiography (Philadelphia: The Wistar Institute of Anatomy and Bi- ology, 1937), p. 55
Elizabeth Page, Wagons West, a Story of the Oregon Trail (New York: Farrar & Rinehart, Inc.), p. 128.
Bryant, op. cit., p. 104.
Leroy R. Hafen and F. M. Young, Fort Laramie and the Pageant of the West, 1834-1890 (Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1938).
Bryant, op. cit., p. 109.
Rufus Sage, in his Rocky Moun- tain Life
or Startling Scenes and Perilous Adventures in the Far West (Boston, 1857), p. 96
Hafen and Young, op. cit., p. 60.
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Nevada, Colorado, and Wyoming (San Francisco, 1890), p. 683.
Fremont, op. cit., p. 46.
Frémont, op. cit., p. 73.
Howard R. Driggs, Westward America (New York: American Pioneer Trails Association, 1942), pp. 96-100.
Driggs, op. cit., p. 101.
William Clayton's Journal: Diary Record of the Original Company of Mormon Pioneers from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake, Published by the Clayton Family Association (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret News, 1921).
William Clayton's The Latter-Day Saints' Emigrants' Guide: Being a Table of Distances, Showing All the Springs, Creeks, Rivers, Hills, Mountains, Camping Places . . . from Council Bluffs to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake . . . (St. Louis, 1848).
Devil's Gate is on p. 15.
Leander V. Loomis (Edgar M. Ledyard, ed.), Journal of the Birmingham Emigrating Company (Salt Lake City, 1928).
Hafen and Young, op. cit., pp. 138-42.
Clayton, op. cit., pp. 16-17.
Paxson, op. cit., p. 461.
Clayton, op. cit., p. 17.
Clayton, op. cit., p. 19.
Reva Holdaway Stanley, "Sutter's Mormon Workmen at Natoma and Coloma in 1848." This Quarterly, XIV (September 1935), 269-82.
Daniel Tyler, A Con- cise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War, 1846-1847 ([Salt Lake City], 1881), pp. 334 and 335.
James S. Brown, Life of a Pioneer (Salt Lake City, 1900), pp. 102, 103, 108, 109.
William Alexander Linn, The Story of the Mormons from Their Origin to the Year 1901 (N. Y. and London: The Macmillan Company, 1923), p. 412
Edward W. Tullidge, History of Salt Lake City and Its Founders (Salt Lake City, n. d.), pp. 23-30.
Driggs, op. cit., pp. 137-42.
George H. Tinkham, History of San Joaqidn County (Los Angeles: Historic Record Company, 1923), pp. 95-96.
Winfield J. Davis History of Political Conventions in California, 1849-1892 (Sacra- mento, 1893), p. 97.
Ibid., p. 109.
Ibid, p. 176.
George Thomas Clark, Leland Stanford, War Governor of California, Railroad Builder and Founder of Stanford University (Stanford University, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1931).
Clark, op. cit., p. 129.
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