Notes

Notes
1
Alfred Louis Kroeber, Handbook of the Indians of California (Washington, D. C: Smithsonian Institution, 1925), p. 891.
2
Robert Glass Cleland and Osgood Hardy, March of Industry (Los Angeles: Powell Publishing Company, 1929), p. 35.
3
Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California (San Francisco, 1884-90), VI, 2-3.
5
Bancroft, op. cit., VII, 698.
6
Willard B. Farwell, "Cape Horn and Cooperative Mining," Century Magazine, n. s. XX, 593.
7
San Francisco Daily Herald, Jan. 21, 1854.
John Haskell Kemble, "The Panama Route to California, 1848-1869" (unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of California, 1937), pp. 529-30.
8
John Haskell Kemble, op. cit., pp. 529-30.
9
John S. Hittell, A History of the City of San Francisco and Incidentally of the State of California (San Francisco, 1878), pp. 491-92.
10
José Francisco Velasco, Noticias estadisticas del estado de Sonora, acompanadas de ligeras reflecsiones, deducidas de algunos documentos y conocimientos practicos adquiridos en muchos anos .... (Mexico, 1850)
U. S. Consulate General, Mexico City, to author, Dec. 8, 1939.
11
Velasco, op. cit., p. 281.
12
Ibid., p. 289.
13
Jacques Antoine Moerenhout, The Inside Story of the Gold Rush (San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1935), p. 57.
14
J[acob] D[avid] Bfabcock] Stillman, Seeking the Golden Fleece (San Francisco, 1877), p. 104.
15
James Miller Guinn, "The Sonoran Migration," Historical Society of Southern California Publications, VIII (1909-10), 33.
16
Guinn, loc. cit.
17
Heckendorn and Wilson, Miners and Business Men's Directory .... for .... 1856.... (Columbia, California, 1856), p. 37.
18
Letter from a miner to his wife in Salem, in re mining conditions, social life and customs, and family affairs, Sonora, May 1850. (MS, Huntington Library.)
19
Carl Meyer, Bound for Sacramento: Travel Pictures of a Returned Wanderer, tr. by Ruth Frey Axe (Claremont, California: Saunders Studio Press, 1938), p. 97.
20
Roberto Hernandez Cornejo, Los Chilenos en San Francisco de California (Re- cuerdos historicos de la emigracion por los descubrimientos del oro, iniciada en 1848) (Valparaiso, 1930), I, 18.
21
Ibid., I, 20.
22
Ibid., I, 28.
23
Ibid., I, 119.
24
Ibid., I, 78-79
25
Ibid., I, 80.
26
Ibid., II, 105.
27
ibid., I, 114.
28
Ibid., I, 117.
29
George Bruce Upton, Jr., to G. B. Upton, Sr., April 7, 1852. (MS, Huntington Library.)
30
Daniel B. Woods, Sixteen Months at the Gold Diggings (New York, 1851), p. 100.
31
U. S. Consulate General, Lima, to author, Dec. 20, 1939.
Prefectura del Departamento de Lima to the author, Jan. 18, 1940.
Letter to the author, Feb. 27, 1940.
32
Ralph Simpson Kuykendall, The Hawaiian Kingdom, 1778-1854: Foundation and Transformation (Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1938)
Ralph S. Kuykendall to the author, Feb. 15, 1940.
U. S. Treasury Department, Customs Service, to author, Feb. 26, 1940.
33
Kuykendall, The Hawaiian Kingdom, p. 319.
34
W. C. to Samuel Damon, in Honolulu Friend, July 1, 1848.
35
Honolulu Friend, Aug. 1, 1848.
36
Kuykendall, op. cit., p. 320.
37
Albert Lyman, Journal of a Voyage to California, and Life in the Gold Diggings, and also of a Voyage from California to the Sandwich Islands (Hartford, Conn., 1852), p. 161.
38
Kuykendall, op. cit., p. 320.
39
Varney to Larkin, July 15, 1848; in T. O. Larkin, "Documents for the History of California" (MS, Bancroft Library), VI, 145.
40
Honolulu Friend, Feb. 1, 1849.
41
Ibid., Nov. 1, 1848.
42
Edward Arthur Wicher, The Presbyterian Church in California: 1849-1927 (New York: Frederick H. Hitchcock, 1927), p. 38.
43
Kuykendall, op. cit., pp. 320-21.
44
U. S. Consulate General, Wellington, New Zealand, to the author, Jan. 9, 1940.
U. S. High Com- missioner to the author, Dec. 27, 1939.
United States High Commissioner, Manila, to author, Jan. 26, 1940.
U. S. Consulate, Tahiti, to the author, Feb. 6, 1940.
45
The Australian Dictionary of Dates, and Men of the Time, compiled by J. Henniker Heaton and published in Sydney in 1879.
U. S. Consulate General, Sydney, to the author, Jan. 17, 1940.
46
Frederick Cecil Rhodes, Pageant of the Pacific: Being the Maritime History of Australasia (Sydney: F. J. Thwaites [1934, 1936]), II, 11.
47
Owen Cochran Coy, The Great Trek (Los Angeles: Powell Publishing Company, 1931), p. 77.
48
Mary Floyd Williams, History of the San Francisco Committee of Vigilance of 1851 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1921), p. 123.
49
Ibid., pp. 233-36.
50
U. S. Consulate General to the author, Singapore, March 1, 1940.
51
Mary Roberts Coolidge, Chinese Immigration (New York, 1909), p. 17.
52
Ibid., pp. 17-18.
53
Ibid., p. 19.
54
Ibid., p. 16.
55
Ibid., p. 18.
56
Ibid., p. 20.
57
Ibid., pp. 20-21.
58
Ibid., p. 22.
59
Lorenzo Sawyer, Way Sketches Containing Incidents of Travel Across the Plains from St. Joseph to California in i8$o, with Letters Describing Life and Conditions in the Gold Region (New York: Edward Eberstadt, 1926), p. 125.
61
Hinton Rowan Helper, The Land of Gold: Reality versus Fiction (Baltimore, 1855), II, 32.
62
Frances Cahn and Valeska Bary, Welfare Activities of Federal, State and Local Governments in California, 1850-1934 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936), P. 337.
63
Mary Roberts Coolidge, op. cit., p. 36.
64
Bertram Johannes Otto Schrieke, Alien Americans: a Study of Race Relations (New York: The Viking Press, 1936), p. 9.
65
Henry G. Langley, The San Francisco Directory for the Year 1860....(San Fran- cisco, 1860), p. 27.
67
Yamato Ichihashi, Japanese in the United States: a Critical Study of the Problems of the Japanese Immigrants and Their Children (Stanford University: Stanford Univer- sity Press, and London: Oxford University Press, 1932), p. 1.
68
W. J. Ghent to the author, Dec. 17, 1939.
69
Oregon Historical Society in a letter to the author, Feb. 20, 1940.
70
Peter H. Burnett, Recollections and Opinions of an Old Pioneer (New York, 1880), p. 254.
71
Joseph Warren Wood, "Journal of an Expedition to California: 1849-1853" (MS, Huntington Library), entry of Nov. 11, 1849.
72
Theodore T. Johnson, Sights in the Gold Region and Scenes by the Way (New York, 1849), pp. 227-28.
73
Henry Sturdivant, "Journal from December 8, 1849, of a Voyage to California" (MS, Huntington Library), entry for Sept. 28, 1850.
74
Douglas S. Watson, "The Great Express Extra of the California Star of April 1, 1848," in this Quarterly, XI (June 1932), 129.
75
letter to the author, Jan. 8, 1940
Letters to the author, Feb. 10, Jan. 23 and Feb. 21, 1940.
U. S. Customs Service, Portland, Oregon, to the author, Feb. 6, 1940.
U. S. Department of Labor, Immigration and Naturalization Service, San Francisco, to the author, April 1, 1940.
National Archives to the author, April 3, 1940.
Nebraska State Historical Society Publications, Vol. XX
Mrs. C. Monterey to the author, ca. April 1, 1940.
76
Hittell, op. cit., p. 130.
77
Great Britain, Public Record Office. Foreign Office 5, Vol. 487 (2 vols.), II, No. 139.
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