This article challenges the widely accepted view that cultural expressions of Germanness disappeared during World War I in the United States by examining the response of German restaurants to anti-German sentiments. German restaurants in San Francisco responded to the rise of anti-German sentiments in three distinct ways: First, some German restaurateurs veiled German cuisine as American cuisine, adding San Francisco specialties to the menu, and Americanizing the interior of the restaurant; Second, proprietors increasingly relied on non-Germans to decide the quality of the restaurant; Third, German restaurateurs founded new restaurants that openly continued the traditions of turn-of-the-century San Francisco German restaurants.
German Restaurants in San Francisco in the Wake of World War I
leonard schmieding was a Tandem Fellow in Global and Trans-Regional History at the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC, in 2016/17. He received his doctorate in history from the University of Leipzig in 2011 with a dissertation on hip-hop culture in the German Democratic Republic that has since been published as “Das ist unsere Party”: HipHop in der DDR (2014).
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Leonard Schmieding; German Restaurants in San Francisco in the Wake of World War I. California History 1 November 2017; 94 (4): 45–56. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/ch.2017.94.4.45
Download citation file: